Arkansas Highway 261

From the AARoads Wiki: Read about the road before you go
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Highway 261

AR 261 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by ArDOT
Section 1
Length15.15 mi[1] (24.38 km)
South end AR 259 at South Plains
North end I-40 in Palestine
Section 2
Length4.37 mi[1] (7.03 km)
South end CR 255 / CR 265 at Horton
North end AR 1 in Caldwell
CountryUnited States
CountiesLee, St. Francis
Highway system
AR 260 AR 262

Highway 261 (AR 261, Ark. 261, and Hwy. 261) is a designation for two state highways in Arkansas. Both are short rural highways in the Arkansas Delta. Created in 1957, the longer segment connects several small communities to Interstate 40 (I-40). The shorter route was created in 1973 between a Horton and Highway 1 in Caldwell. Both segments are maintained by the Arkansas Department of Transportation (ARDOT).

Route description

Both highways are located in the Western Lowlands Pleistocene Valley Trains ecoregion within the Mississippi Alluvial Plain, broad, nearly level, agriculturally-dominated alluvial plain with flat, clayey, poorly-drained soils commonly called the Arkansas Delta in the state.[2] The two routes are separated by approximately 6.7 miles (10.8 km) along St. Francis County Road 255, a paved road.

No segment of Highway 261 has been listed as part of the National Highway System,[1] a network of roads important to the nation's economy, defense, and mobility.[3]

South Plains to Palestine

Palestine City Hall is located along Highway 261 near the northern terminus

Highway 261 begins at Highway 259 at South Plains, an unincorporated community in northwest Lee County. The highway runs east across flat fields used for row crops to an intersection with Highway 121 at Holub Crossing. The highway turns north, continuing through sparsely populated agricultural areas, including the unincorporated community Gill, before crossing into St. Francis County.[4]

Highway 261 continues north as a section line road through Humphrey to Palestine, a small city in the Arkansas Delta. The highway intersects US Highway 70 (US 70) near Palestine–Wheatley High School before becoming Parker Avenue and entering a commercial district. The highway parallels the Union Pacific Railway tracks before turning north, becoming Main Street. Along Main Street, the highway passes Palestine City Hall prior to a junction with I-40. Highway 261 ends just north of the last freeway ramp at the northern city limits, with the roadway continuing north as St. Francis County Road 255.[5][6]

The ARDOT maintains Highway 261 like all other parts of the state highway system. As a part of these responsibilities, the department tracks the volume of traffic using its roads in surveys using a metric called average annual daily traffic (AADT). ARDOT estimates the traffic level for a segment of roadway for any average day of the year in these surveys. As of 2017, AADT was estimated as 240 vehicles per day (VPD) near the southern terminus, 670 VPD north of the Highway 121 intersection, 920 north of the St. Francis County line, and 2,500 in Palestine between I-40 and US 70.[7] For reference, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), classifies roads with fewer than 400 vehicles per day as a very low volume local road.

Horton to Caldwell

State maintenance begins at an intersection with CR 255 / CR 265 in Horton, an unincorporated community in rural St. Francis County. The highway runs due east, crossing the L'Anguille River lowlands and adjacent swamps. The highway continues east through row crop agricultural fields. It turns right toward the small town of Caldwell, crossing the Union Pacific Railway tracks shortly after entering the municipal limits. Just east of this crossing, Highway 261 intersects Highway 1, where it terminates.[6]

In 2016, the AADT was 750 near the route's midpoint.[2]

Major intersections

LeeSouth Plains0.000.00 AR 259 – Moro, New SalemSouthern terminus
Holub5.378.64 AR 121 – Marianna, Oak Forest
St. FrancisPalestine13.7222.08 US 70 – Brinkley, Forrest City
15.1524.38 I-40 – Memphis, Little RockNorthern terminus
Gap in route
Horton0.000.00 CR 255 / CR 265Southern terminus
Caldwell4.377.03 AR 1 – Wynne, Forrest CityNorthern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also


  1. ^ a b c d System Information and Research Division (2015). "Arkansas Road Log Database" (MDB). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  2. ^ a b Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from US Level IV Ecoregions shapefile with state boundaries (SHP file). United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  3. ^ Natzke, Stefan; Neathery, Mike & Adderly, Kevin (June 29, 2017). "What is the National Highway System?". National Highway System. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
  4. ^ Transportation Planning and Policy Division (March 11, 2014) [November 20, 2007]. General Highway Map, Lee County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map) (Revised ed.). 1:62,500. Little Rock: Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. OCLC 913880304. Retrieved February 9, 2019. {{cite map}}: |author= has generic name (help)
  5. ^ Planning and Research Division (August 2010). Map of Palestine, St. Francis County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). 1:12,000. Little Rock: Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. §§ A3–D3. Retrieved February 9, 2019.
  6. ^ a b Transportation Planning and Policy Division (October 2, 2014) [December 29, 2008]. General Highway Map, St. Francis County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map) (Revised ed.). 1:62,500. Little Rock: Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. OCLC 919314462. Retrieved February 9, 2019. {{cite map}}: |author= has generic name (help)
  7. ^ System Information & Research Division (2017). Annual Average Daily Traffic Estimates (GIS Map) (Map). Various. Arkansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 9, 2019.

External links

Media related to Arkansas Highway 261 at Wikimedia Commons