U.S. Route 22

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U.S. Route 22

Route information
Length648.84 mi[1][2] (1,044.21 km)
Major junctions
West end US 27 / US 42 / US 52 / US 127 in Cincinnati, OH
Major intersections
East end I-78 / US 1-9 in Newark, NJ
CountryUnited States
StatesOhio, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey
Highway system
US 21US US 23
SR 21OH SR 22
US 40OH OH-40 (1920).svg SR 41
WV 20WV WV 23

U.S. Route 22 (US 22) is a west–east route and is one of the original United States highways of 1926, running from Cincinnati, Ohio, at US 27, US 42, US 127, and US 52 to Newark, New Jersey, at U.S. Route 1/9 in the Newark Airport Interchange.[3]

US 22 is named William Penn Highway throughout most of Pennsylvania. In southwest Ohio, it overlaps with State Route 3 and is familiarly known as the 3C Highway, "22 and 3", and Montgomery Road.

A section of US 22 in Pennsylvania between New Alexandria at U.S. Route 119 and Harrisburg at Interstate 81 has been designated a part of Corridor M of the Appalachian Development Highway System.

Route description

  mi[1] km
OH 244.1 392.82
WV 6.01 9.65
PA 338.20 544.28
NJ[2] 60.53 97.41
Total 648.84 1044.20


Old U.S. Route 22 marker located near the intersection of U.S. Highway 22 and Ohio Highway 207 in Pickaway County, Ohio

US 22 has its westernmost end-point in downtown Cincinnati—however, its eastbound and westbound end-points are not at the same intersection. Officially, US 22 Eastbound begins on Central Avenue (US 27 northbound/US 52 westbound/US 127 northbound) at 5th Street, then proceeds north, turning east onto 7th Street. Meanwhile, US 22 Westbound follows 9th Street and officially ends at Central Avenue[4] (signage designating the end occurs much sooner, approaching Elm Street, U.S. Route 42 Northbound).[5]

From downtown Cincinnati to Washington Court House, US 22 roughly follows the historic 3C Highway which connected Cincinnati, Columbus, and Cleveland. This section is also concurrent with State Route 3 (SR 3). At Washington Court House, SR 3 and US 22 diverge. US 22 continues to the east through Circleville to Lancaster. From Lancaster to Zanesville, US 22 roughly follows the route of Zane's Trace, an early pioneer road blazed by Colonel Ebenezer Zane beginning in 1796.

Starting just west of Cadiz, US 22 becomes a limited-access expressway for the remainder of its 30-some miles in Ohio as it approaches and enters the Pittsburgh metropolitan area (with the exception of an at grade intersection with no stop lights or signs on US 22 and narrowing to two lanes for about a mile east of Cadiz). It junctions with State Route 7 for roughly a mile along the Ohio River shoreline in Steubenville.

West Virginia

View east along US 22 east of CR 13 in Weirton, West Virginia

Known as the Robert C. Byrd Expressway, the expressway route that began roughly 30 miles (48 km) to the west near Cadiz, Ohio, continues for approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) within the state of West Virginia (the highway runs concurrent with WV 2 for one of those miles) as it approaches more population density within the Pittsburgh metro area. US 22 travels through or borders the city of Weirton for its entire length in West Virginia, from the Ohio state line over the Ohio River, to the Pennsylvania state line.


US 22 eastbound in Colonial Park, Pennsylvania, east of Harrisburg

US 22 enters Pennsylvania as a limited-access highway connecting Weirton, West Virginia, and Steubenville, Ohio, with Pittsburgh. Through much of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area, it overlaps Interstate 376 and US 30. US 30 merges with US 22 near Imperial and Pittsburgh International Airport, and both highways then merge with Interstate 376 in Robinson Township. Together, these three highways form a busy, limited-access concurrency through the city of Pittsburgh. US 30 then splits from Interstate 376 and US 22 in Wilkinsburg, and the I-376/US 22 concurrency continues to the Pennsylvania Turnpike in Monroeville, where I-376 ends.

East of Interstate 376, US 22 continues east of Pittsburgh as a primary arterial highway. The entire length between Pittsburgh and US 220 and Interstate 99 just west of Altoona was widened to at least four lanes by summer 2011. Interstate 99 links the highway to State College and the Pennsylvania Turnpike. Heading east from Interstate 99, US 22 narrows and becomes the primary highway linking Hollidaysburg and Huntingdon. Near Mount Union, it forms a concurrency with US 522 and the two highways go northeast along the Juniata River to Lewistown.

In Lewistown, US 22 breaks with US 522 and forms a concurrency with US 322, and the two routes travel southeast, mostly as an expressway, toward Harrisburg. At the north end of Harrisburg, US 22 and US 322 split and US 22 runs southward toward the Farm Show complex. From there, it turns eastward along Arsenal Boulevard, Herr Street, and Walnut Street to Jonestown Road. Through Dauphin and Lebanon counties, US 22 parallels Interstate 81 and Interstate 78 to the south as a four-lane arterial. East of Fredericksburg, along the border between Lebanon and Berks counties, US 22 forms a concurrency with Interstate 78, which runs to the Allentown area. Former highway alignments of US 22 that parallel this section are collectively known as the "Hex Highway", so called because of the Berks County-based Pennsylvania Dutch families that hang hex signs on their barns.

In the Lehigh Valley, US 22 is a four-lane limited-access expressway between Easton and Interstate 78 to the west; it is dually designated with the Lehigh Valley Thruway in Allentown. The original designation for this expressway was to be Interstate 78, but local opposition to a freeway in Phillipsburg, along with substandard conditions at Easton, forced federal highway officials to relocate Interstate 78 south of Allentown, Bethlehem, Easton, and Phillipsburg. U.S. 22 then crosses the Delaware River on the Easton–Phillipsburg Toll Bridge.

New Jersey

View east along US 22 at Cramer Avenue in Green Brook, New Jersey

U.S. Route 22 in New Jersey predates and was largely replaced by Interstate 78 after Interstate 78 was built between 1956 and 1989,[6] and shares designation with I-78 from exit 3 to exit 18. US 22 was an expressway in some segments, including the area around Perryville and Clinton. It connects Phillipsburg with Newark in New Jersey.

US 22 has one major interchange besides I-78, that being Interstate 287, although it is not a full interchange, with two missing movements: US 22 eastbound to I-287 northbound and I-287 southbound to US 22 westbound.

One of two level crossing of the highway happens in Union County in the Union Township section of the highway (the other occurring in Lewistown, Pennsylvania). It once belonged to the Rahway Valley Railroad; the crossing was closed in 1992 when service on the railroad was ended.


US 22 is one of the original U.S. Routes, though in the 1925 plan it was to terminate in Cleveland, Ohio, entering Ohio on modern U.S. Route 422. In the finalized 1926 plan, it followed the current course to U.S. Route 40, where it ended. In 1932, it had been extended to Cincinnati as it is currently, replacing Ohio State Route 10 and following preexisting State Route 3.[7][8]

Before the Byrd Expressway, West Virginia's segment of U.S. 22 ran from Pennsylvania Avenue at the PA/WV state line to Main St., then left on Main St. through downtown Weirton (aligning U.S. 22 with West Virginia Route 2), and right on Freedom Way to the Fort Steuben Bridge and Ohio River to Steubenville, Ohio. An "Alternate U.S. 22" route ran along Cove Road from Pennsylvania Avenue to the intersection of Harmon Creek Road (left turn) and the continuation of Cove Road.

With the opening of the first segment of the Byrd Expressway on March 9, 1972,[9] U.S. 22 was reassigned, starting on the new road from the PA/WV state line, continuing on Cove Road where the expressway ended and joining the remainder of the original route at Main St. The Pennsylvania Avenue segment of U.S. 22 from Colliers Way to Main St. was reassigned as WV Route 105 and Alt. U.S. 22 was reassigned as WV Route 507. In 2003, WV 507 was extended along the previous U.S. 22 alignment from Cove Road to the Fort Steuben Bridge and was reassigned as County Route 507. The Fort Steuben Bridge, which originally carried U.S. 22 across the Ohio River until the construction of the Veterans Memorial Bridge, was permanently closed on January 8, 2009,[10] and demolished by detonation on February 21, 2012.[11]

Major intersections


US 27 south / US 42 south / US 52 east / US 127 south (Central Avenue) / 5th Street West
Western terminus of US 27 / US 42 south / US 52 / US 127 concurrency; southern terminus of SR 3

US 50 west / SR 264 west (Sixth Street West) / I-75 north
Eastern terminus of SR 264; western terminus of one-way pair; exit 1E on I-75 south

US 27 north / US 52 west / US 127 north (Central Avenue) / 7th Street West
Eastern terminus of US 27 / US 42 south / US 52 / US 127 concurrency
0.330.53Elm Street (US 42 north)
0.871.40Broadway StreetEastern terminus of one-way pair
I-71 north – Columbus
Northbound exit only; exit 2B on I-71 south

Elsinore Place to I-471 / I-71 north
To US 42

Eden Park Drive to I-471 / I-71 south
I-71 south – Louisville
Exit 5 on I-71 north
SR 561 south (Sherman Avenue)
Western terminus of SR 561 concurrency

SR 562 to I-75 / I-71
Exit 3 on SR 562 (Norwood Lateral Expressway); access via Norwood Avenue
SR 561 north (Ross Avenue)
Eastern terminus of SR 561 concurrency
Kenwood11.4118.36 I-71 – Columbus, CincinnatiExit 12 on I-71
SR 126 west (Ronald Reagan Highway)
Roundabout; western terminus of SR 126 concurrency
SR 126 east (Remington Road)
Eastern terminus of SR 126 concurrency

I-275 to I-71 / SR 32 – Kentucky
Exit 50 on I-275
WarrenHopkinsville24.6439.65 SR 48 – South Lebanon, Maineville
SR 123 north – Lebanon
Western terminus of SR 123 concurrency
Salem Township31.7051.02
SR 123 south – Blanchester
Eastern terminus of SR 123 concurrency
Washington Township37.5460.41 SR 350 – Fort Ancient
ClintonAdams Township41.6667.05
SR 380 north – Xenia
Southern terminus of SR 380
Wilmington48.0077.25 US 68 / SR 134 (South Street)
Union Township51.1082.24

SR 73 to I-71 south – Hillsboro, Waynesville
Reesville56.7591.33 SR 72 – Highland, Jamestown
Sabina58.8994.77 SR 729 (Howard Street)
FayetteWashington Court House68.52110.27
US 35 to I-71 – Dayton, Chillicothe, Fairgrounds
Exit 82 on US 35; access via collector-distributor roads

US 62 west (Leesburg Avenue) / SR 41 south (Highland Avenue)
Western terminus of US 62 / SR 41 concurrency
SR 41 north (North Street)
Eastern terminus of SR 41 concurrency

US 62 west / SR 3 north (Columbus Avenue)
Eastern terminus of US 62 / SR 3 concurrency

SR 753 to US 35 Byp.
PickawayAtlanta83.10133.74 SR 207 – Mount Sterling, Deer Creek, Chillicothe
Wayne Township92.40148.70
SR 138 west – Clarksburg
Eastern terminus of SR 138
94.20151.60 SR 104 – Columbus, Chillicothe
SR 56 west – Mount London, London
Western terminus of SR 56 concurrency
Circleville96.79155.77 US 23 – Columbus, ChillicotheInterchange
SR 188 east (Court Street)
Western terminus of SR 188
SR 56 east (Main Street)
Eastern terminus of SR 56 concurrency
county line
township line
SR 674 north
Southern terminus of SR 674
FairfieldHocking Township113.09182.00
SR 159 south – Tarlton
Northern terminus of SR 159
114.16183.72 US 33 – Logan, ColumbusInterchange
SR 188 west (Cedar Hill Road)
Western terminus of SR 188 concurrency
SR 158 north (Columbus Street)
Southern terminus of SR 158
SR 37 west (High Street)
Western terminus of SR 37 concurrency
SR 188 east (Cherry Street)
Eastern terminus of SR 188 concurrency
SR 37 east – Bremen, Junction City, New Lexington
Eastern terminus of SR 37 concurrency
SR 664 to SR 256 – Bremen
SR 668 south
Western terminus of SR 668 concurrency
135.78218.52 SR 13 (Columbus Street)Traffic circle
SR 668 north – Brownsville, Flint Ridge
Eastern terminus of SR 668 concurrency
Madison Township141.70228.04
SR 204 west – Millersport
Eastern terminus of SR 240
MuskingumEast Fultonham146.35235.53
SR 345 south – East Fultonham, New Lexington, Perry State Forest
Northern terminus of SR 345
Newton Township150.30241.88
SR 93 south – Roseville, Crooksville
Western terminus of SR 93 concurrency
South Zanesville153.62247.23

SR 719 east to SR 60 / SR 146 / SR 555
Western terminus of SR 719
US 40 west (Main Street)
Western terminus of US 40 concurrency

SR 60 south / SR 146 east (9th Street) to I-70
Western terminus of SR 60 / SR 146 concurrency

SR 60 north / SR 146 west (Underwood Street)
Eastern terminus of SR 60 / SR 146 concurrency
Pleasant Grove158.43254.97
SR 93 north
Eastern terminus of SR 93 concurrency
Perry Township165.54266.41 I-70 – Wheeling, ColumbusExit 164 on I-70
New Concord170.74274.78
SR 83 to I-70

SR 723 south to I-70
Northern terminus of SR 723
SR 209 west (5th Street)
Western terminus of SR 209 concurrency

SR 209 east (Southgate Parkway) to I-70
Eastern terminus of SR 209 concurrency
US 40 east (Wheeling Avenue)
Eastern terminus of US 40 concurrency
Cambridge Township181.98292.87 I-77 – Marietta, ClevelandExit 47 on I-77
Jefferson Township188.31303.06Salt Fork State Park
Madison Township191.11307.56 SR 285 (Jefferson Road)

SR 513 south to I-70
Northern terminus of SR 513
Londonderry Township202.55325.97
SR 800 south – Barnesville
Western terminus of SR 800 concurrency
HarrisonFreeport Township203.16326.95
SR 800 north – Freeport, Clendening Dam
Eastern terminus of SR 800 concurrency
SR 331 east – Holloway
Western terminus of SR 331
Cadiz Township212.54342.05
SR 519 east – New Athens
Western terminus of SR 519
US 250 west – New Philadelphia
Western terminus of US 250 concurrency
US 250 east / SR 9 – Scio, Cadiz, Bridgeport
Eastern terminus of US 250 concurrency
Green Township224.53361.35224
SR 151 west – Jewett, Scio
Western terminus of SR 151 concurrency
SR 151 east – Hopedale, Smithfield
Eastern terminus of SR 151 concurrency
Green Township227.87366.72-Township Road 65Western terminus of freeway section
JeffersonBloomingdale231.37372.35231 SR 152 – Bloomingdale, Fairgrounds
Wayne Township233.78376.23233Reeds Mills, BroadacreAccess via CR 22A
Reeds Mill235.21–
235 CR 22A – Wintersville, Reeds MillsEastbound exit and westbound entrance
Wintersville237.48382.19237 SR 43 – Carrollton, Wintersville
240.18386.53240Lovers Lane – Steubenville
241.81389.16241John Scott Highway – SteubenvilleServes Eastern Gateway Community College

SR 7 north / SR 213 north – East Liverpool
Western terminus of SR 7 concurrency; southern terminus of SR 213 (not signed westbound)
SR 7 south – Downtown
Eastern terminus of SR 7 concurrency; signed as exit 244 westbound
244.20393.00244BUniversity BoulevardWestbuond exit is via exit 244A; serves Franciscan University of Steubenville
Ohio River244.32
Veterans Memorial Bridge
West VirginiaBrooke0.60.971
WV 2 south – Follansbee, Wheeling
Western terminus of WV 2 concurrency
WV 2 north (Main Street) – Downtown Weirton
Eastern terminus of WV 2 concurrency
HancockNo major intersections
BrookeWeirton3.25.13 CR 507 (Harmon Creek Road) / CR 1 (Cove Road)
4.36.94 CR 13 (Three Springs Drive) – WeirtonNo CR 13 signage eastbound; serves West Virginia Northern Community College
county line
5.58.95 WV 105 (Colliers Way)
US 22 east – Pittsburgh
Continuation into Pennsylvania
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also


  1. ^ a b DeLorme Street Atlas USA 2007 software, Driving Directions
  2. ^ a b "US 22 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
  3. ^ Mapguy. "Endpoints of US highways." 12 Oct. 2006. 21 Oct. 2006 [1].
  4. ^ Straight Line Diagrams (US 22 Hamilton County). Ohio Department of Transportation.
  5. ^ 104 W 9th St, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States. Google Street View
  6. ^ "Interstate 78 (New Jersey)". nycroads.com.
  7. ^ "U.S. 22: The William Penn Highway". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
  8. ^ Official Transportation Map archive. Ohio Department of Transportation.
  9. ^ "Moore Stands by Bridge Plan". Weirton Daily Times. 1972-03-10. Retrieved 2020-07-22.
  10. ^ Gossett, Dave (2009-01-15). "Fort Steuben Bridge permanently closed". Weirton Daily Times. Retrieved 2009-02-02.
  11. ^ Scott, Warren (2012-02-21). "Blast topples Fort Steuben Bridge". Steubenville, Ohio: Herald Star. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  12. ^ Division of Planning, Office of Technical Services (August 30, 2017). "DESTAPE". Ohio Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  13. ^ Google (February 19, 2020). "U.S. Route 22" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 19, 2020.

External links