Texas State Highway 288

From the AARoads Wiki: Read about the road before you go
Jump to navigation Jump to search

State Highway 288

SH 288; mainline in red, business route in blue
Route information
Length60.01 mi[1][a] (96.58 km)
Major junctions
South end SH 36 / FM 1495 in Freeport
Major intersections Beltway 8 / Sam Houston Tollway
I-610 in Houston
I-69 / US 59 in Houston
North end I-45 in Houston
CountryUnited States
CountiesBrazoria, Harris
Highway system
SH 287 SH 289

State Highway 288 (SH 288) is a north–south highway in the southeastern portion of the U.S. state of Texas, between I-45 in downtown Houston and Freeport, where it terminates on FM 1495. The route was originally designated by 1939, replacing the southern portion of SH 19.

Route description

In Harris County, SH 288 is the South Freeway, a divided freeway known for having one of the widest medians of the local road system. It begins as freeway status from its northern terminus at Interstate 69/U.S. Route 59 just south of downtown southward through south Houston. It reaches an intersection with I-610 and continues south through newer subdivisions. It reaches an intersection with State Highway 6, after which it loses its freeway status. From the Harris-Brazoria County Line to Freeport, it is referred to as the Nolan Ryan Expressway, in recognition of Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Nolan Ryan who grew up in Alvin, Texas, which is not directly on this road. Brazoria County will be calling the tolled portion of the highway, located within the county, the Brazoria County Expressway.[2] North of Angleton, the route returns to freeway status passing west of Angleton, near the Texas Gulf Coast Regional Airport, and around the southwestern side of Lake Jackson. It then turns southward toward Freeport. In Freeport, it is known as Brazosport Boulevard. It reaches its southern terminus at State Highway 36 on the southwest side of town.

Toll lanes

To help alleviate congestion on SH 288, TxDOT (originally HCTRA) and BCTRA constructed toll lanes (also known as the Brazoria County Expressway) in the median of the existing freeway. The toll lanes currently begin at County Road 58 in Manvel and terminate at I-69/US 59 in Houston for a total length of 15 miles (24.1 km). A nine-mile southern extension to the proposed Grand Parkway (SH 99) is planned. The entire length of the SH 288 toll lanes will have two lanes in each direction. TxDOT has jurisdiction on the portion located in Harris County, beginning at I-69/US 59 and terminate at the Harris/Brazoria County line at Clear Creek located just north of FM 2234 for a total of 10.3 miles (16.6 km).[3] BCTRA will construct the portion located in Brazoria County in two phases. Phase 1 will be from the Harris/Brazoria County line, southward to just south of County Road 58 (Croix Road) for a total of 5 miles (8.0 km)[4] while phase 2, to be built by TxDot's Toll Operations Division, will continue southward to the Grand Parkway (TX 99) for the remaining 10.7 miles (17.2 km). Design work for the entire project began in the summer of 2015.[5] Construction on the toll lanes in Harris County began in November 2016[6] and construction of phase 1 in Brazoria County begun in June 2017.[4][2] The SH 288 toll lanes opened on November 16, 2020 and were free to use until November 30. All tolls on the facility will be collected electronically and an EZ Tag, TxTag, or TollTag is required for passage.[7][8]


State Highway 288 was designated on September 26, 1939 as the renumbering of the portion of State Highway 19 south of downtown Houston. On August 1, 1962, SH 288 was extended to FM 1495. On June 25, 1981, SH 288 was rerouted from I-45 to MacGregor Way in Houston on the new freeway. The original routing ran southward along Almeda Road in Houston. The route traveled southward through Fresno, past the Houston Southwest Airport, before reaching Bonney. This entire portion of the route from US 90A southward was transferred to Farm to Market Road 521 and Spur 300 on December 14, 1981, as SH 288 was rerouted onto the new freeway from US 90A to Spur 300.[9] The route then traveled east through downtown Angleton, continuing southeast before reaching Freeport. This original section is now part of County Road 543 and Farm to Market Road 523. SH 288 was redirected southward from Angleton when the city of Clute became more populated, then continued southward to a new intersection with State Highway 36 west of Freeport. On November 18, 1983, SH 288 was rerouted on the new freeway from MacGregor Way to US 90A. The entire remaining section from FM 521 north of Angleton to Clute was transferred first to Texas State Highway 227 on September 26, 1986, and later Business Highway 288 on October 25, 1990 when the bypass around the western side of Lake Jackson opened. The section from Clute south to Freeport was transferred to SH 227, and the section concurrent with SH 36 became SH 36 on February 23, 1989. On August 15, 1989, SH 288 was extended south over part of SH 227 and concurrent with SH 36, restoring the lost section from Clute to Freeport.

Major intersections

All exits are unnumbered.

BrazoriaFreeport0.00.0 FM 1495 – Port Freeport, Brazos HarborSouthern termini of SH 288/SH 36; south end of SH 36 overlap
SH 36 north – Jones Creek, West Columbia
Interchange; north end of SH 36 overlap
FM 523 north / Gulf Boulevard – Surfside
5.58.9Frontage RoadSouth end of freeway; northbound exit and southbound entrance
Lake Jackson5.79.2

Bus. SH 288-B north / SH 332 east – Clute Business District, Angleton, Surfside
South end of SH 332 overlap
Lake JacksonClute line6.911.1Main Street / Contractor Road / Copper Road
7.712.4Dixie Drive
Lake Jackson9.014.5Plantation Drive
10.316.6 Oak Drive / Veterans Memorial Parkway / This Way / West WayAccess to Brazosport Memorial Hospital
SH 332 west (Oyster Creek Drive) / Abner Jackson Parkway / This Way
North end of SH 332 overlap
12.219.6 FM 2004 – Richwood
Angleton16.726.9 County Road 220 – Brazoria Airport
18.529.8County Road 290Southbound exit and northbound entrance
19.331.1 SH 35 – Angleton, West Columbia, Bay City
20.833.5County Road 44Southbound access via FM 523 exit and Frontage Road
21.534.6 FM 523 – Alvin, AngletonNorth end of freeway

Bus. SH 288 to FM 521 – Rosharon, Angleton
32.652.5 FM 1462 – Rosharon, AlvinInterchange
SH 99 Toll (Grand Parkway)Proposed interchange
38.762.3County Road 56 (Meridiana Parkway)Interchange
41.166.1County Road 48 – Iowa ColonyRight-in/right-out; no southbound entrance (closed until December 2023)
Manvel41.066.0 SH 6 – Alvin, Sugar LandInterchange
43.570.0Del Bello BoulevardInterchange; Northbound exit and entrance only
44.471.5County Road 58South end of freeway
SH 288 Toll begins (Brazoria County Expressway)
South end of SH 288 Toll Lanes
45.673.4County Road 101 (Bailey Road / Pomona Parkway)
Pearland46.574.8Magnolia ParkwayFormerly Southfork Drive
47.175.8 FM 518 (Broadway Street)Former FM 3344
Hughes Ranch Road / Discovery Bay DriveAccess from Toll Lanes only; southbound exit and northbound entrance
county line
48.477.9 FM 2234 (Shadow Creek Parkway) / McHard Road
Harris50.280.8 Sam Houston TollwayNorthbound left exit and southbound left entrance
PearlandHouston line50.481.1 Beltway 8 (Frontage Road)
Sam Houston TollwayAccess from Toll Lanes only; southbound right exit and northbound right entrance
Houston51.683.0Almeda-Genoa Road
52.684.7Orem Drive
53.686.3Airport Boulevard
54.587.7Reed Road
55.489.2Bellfort Avenue / Holmes RoadNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
55.789.6 I-610I-610 exit 38A westbound, 38A-C eastbound.
57.091.7Holly Hall StreetSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
US 90 Alt. (Old Spanish Trail) / Yellowstone Boulevard / Holcombe Boulevard
Holcombe Boulevard west – Texas Medical CenterAccess from Toll Lanes only; northbound right exit and southbound right entrance
58.594.1 South MacGregor Way / North MacGregor Way – Texas Medical Center, Houston Zoo
58.994.8Binz Street / Calumet StreetSouthbound access via Southmore Boulevard exit

SH 288 Toll south
Southbound exit only
59.395.4Southmore Boulevard / Blodgett Street

I-69 south / US 59 south – Victoria
I-69 exits 128/129A northbound.

I-69 north / US 59 north / Elgin Avenue / Tuam Avenue – Cleveland
Northbound exit and southbound entrance; I-69 exit 128B

SH 288 Toll ends (Brazoria County Expressway)
North end of SH 288 Toll Lanes; northbound entrance only
60.397.0Chenevert Street – Downtown HoustonNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
61.198.3 I-45 – Dallas, Galveston, IAH, Hobby AirportNorthern terminus; I-45 exits 46A-B
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Business route

Business plate.svg

Business State Highway 288-B

LocationLake Jackson-Bonney
Length20.271 mi[11] (32.623 km)

SH 288 has one business route.

Business State Highway 288-B (Bus. SH 288) is a bypass of SH 288 through Angleton, Richwood and Clute. The route was created in 1987 as SH 227, which was redesignated as Business SH 288-B on October 25, 1990.[12][11]

Texas 227.svg

Major junctions

The entire route is in Brazoria County.

Lake Jackson0.000.00
SH 288 south
Southern terminus
SH 322 east – Surfside

SH 322 west / SH 288 north – Lake Jackson
Interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance
1.52.4Whitten StreetPartial interchange via northbound exit ramp and connector road southbound; no northbound entrance
1.62.6Wilson Road / Leder Street / Mockingbird StreetPartial interchange via northbound entrance ramp and connector road southbound; no northbound exit
Richwood5.58.9 FM 2004 – Santa Fe

Loop 274 north
Interchange; southern terminus of Loop 274; northbound left exit and southbound left entrance; serves as a bypass of downtown Angleton
11.819.0 SH 35 – Bay City, Alvin
12.620.3Loop 274 southNorthern terminus of Loop 274
14.423.2 FM 523 / SH 35 Byp.
18.629.9 SH 288 – Houston, Lake JacksonInterchange
20.332.7 FM 521 – Houston, BrazoriaNorthern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi


  1. ^ The certified mileage given is shorter than the actual mileage as TxDOT considers SH 288 to be discontinuous at rather than concurrent with SH 36.


  1. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 288". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-04-07.
  2. ^ a b "Brazoria County Expressway".
  3. ^ "Drive288 Project Details". Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Brazoria County awards bid for Expressway construction". City of Pearland. May 3, 2017. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  5. ^ "Design work to begin on Texas 288 toll lanes". Brazoria County. January 29, 2014.
  6. ^ "Construction begins on Highway 288 expansion". Harris County. November 15, 2016. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  7. ^ Fresh drive: This is what the new 288 toll road looks like for one of the first drivers Click2Houston.com (KPRC-TV) Published on November 12, 2020, and updated on November 16, 2020 (Retrieved 22 November 2020)
  8. ^ "Drive288 FAQ". Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  9. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Farm to Market Road No. 521". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
  10. ^ Google (December 30, 2021). "Overview Map of SH 288" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
  11. ^ a b Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Business State Highway No. 288-B". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
  12. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 227". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
  13. ^ "Overview of Bus. SH 288". Google Maps. Google, Inc. Retrieved June 16, 2021.

External links

  1. TxDOT - Toll Operations Division