Illinois Tollway oasis

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The Belvidere Oasis
The former O'Hare Oasis
The former Hinsdale Oasis building

An Illinois Tollway oasis is a type of commercialized rest area sited over Interstate Highways that are part of the Illinois Tollway system in northern Illinois, United States. The four (formerly seven) oases offer food and gasoline vendors and are found in the Chicago Metropolitan Area, DeKalb, and Belvidere. Although the oases date back to the original tollway construction in 1958, they were redeveloped in 2003–2005 by Wilton Partners, a private developer. The redevelopment of the oases has been the focal point of alleged political corruption. The four oases are administered by a court-appointed manager following default of Wilton Partners.

Description and current status

As is typical for rest stops on toll highways, these areas are full service, or "commercialized", as a result of concessions awarded by the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority (ISTHA).[a]

In 2011, over 11.8 million people visited the seven oases.[5] These facilities in Illinois have gas stations (Mobil) with 24-hour automated car washes, fast food restaurants (McDonald's, Panda Express, Subway, etc.) and other various shops (such as Krispy Kreme, Starbucks, Coleman Distributors, and TravelMart). Oases also have automatic teller machines. Four of the oases are built as a bridge-restaurant, directly over the Interstate Highway they service. The oasis in DeKalb is the only exception, with the facility located along the southern (eastbound) side of Interstate 88, and a vehicle overpass allows westbound traffic to access a segregated parking lot and gas station along one side of the facility. All the oases provide free WiFi access for visitors. The oases have a drive-thru lane for the McDonald's. All oases, except for the Hinsdale and DeKalb oases, have Tollway Customer Service Centers, where I-Pass toll transponders are sold and serviced.[6][7] The oases have a total of 110,000 square feet (10,000 m2) of retail space.[8] As of 2009, the oases were 45 percent to 65 percent vacant. ISTHA has established a special task force to study the oases' future.[9]

The Illinois Department of Transportation has proposed a route for a new limited access highway on the west side of O'Hare Airport which would connect with the Jane Addams Tollway at the site of the Des Plaines Oasis. The oasis there will be demolished for the new road.[10] As such, the Des Plaines Oasis was closed on March 16, 2014; this allowed vendor contents to be removed and demolition to proceed.[11]

The Tollway announced plans to widen the Tri-State Tollway, which resulted in the full closure of the O'Hare Oasis in 2018 and the pavilion of the Hinsdale Oasis in 2021.[12][13]


The five original oases were built in conjunction with the original tollway construction in 1959. They featured Standard Oil (Amoco) gas stations and Fred Harvey restaurants, and were something of a novelty in the region—becoming destinations in and of themselves for driving customers. Because the Illinois State Toll Highway Commission (ISTHC) did not have the money to build the oases, they were built and paid for by the American Oil Company, which operated the Amoco/Standard Oil service stations and also sub-leased the restaurant areas to the Fred Harvey restaurant chain. The title of the oases reverted to the ISTHC after the original 25-year operating contract ended. During this initial operating period the state received 2.51 cents for each gallon of gas sold as well as 10% of the restaurant profits.[14]

The Lincoln Oasis was added in 1968 and was different from the previous five oases in that it was an all-steel building designed by architect David Haid, a one-time student and employee of architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.[15] The DeKalb Oasis opened in 1975 and was different from the prior six in that it was the only one of seven oases to not be constructed over the tollway.[16] In the mid-1970s, Howard Johnson's took over the restaurants.[17] One of the oases made an appearance on the silver screen when Carrie Fisher attacks The Blues Brothers at the Des Plaines Oasis in the 1980 film.[18][19] In 1984, individual fast food restaurants took over from Howard Johnson, with the oases on I-90 and I-88 being run by McDonald's and the oases on I-294 alternating between Wendy's and Burger King.

From 2003 to 2005, an extensive renovation program of the oases was completed, which involved demolishing the old structures down to the bridge deck and replacing them with new buildings. Where in the previous buildings the views of the highways were blocked by the vendor restaurants, in the new buildings large expanses of glass are used to create a sense of openness, and to give patrons better views of the highway. The steel truss design also has greater roof height (nearly 30 feet or 9.1 meters) than the old buildings, which increases visibility for the oases. The architects for the project were Cordogan Clark & Associates. The gas stations were rebuilt with canopies to cover the gas pumps. The oases were redeveloped at no cost to the ISTHA or the Illinois taxpayers. The $95 million investment was provided by Wilton Partners of Los Angeles, California and ExxonMobil in exchange for a 25-year lease. Under the lease, Wilton would pay ISTHA a percentage of vendor sales with a minimum of $750,000 per year.[20]

The lease agreements between ISTHA, Wilton Partners, and various vendors have come under investigation by U.S. Attorney Patrick Fitzgerald. This investigation, reported on December 30, 2005, will determine if a conflict of interest existed between the lessees and a political fund-raiser for Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich (Antoin Rezko). DuPage County State's Attorney Joe Birkett had also requested documents pertaining to these leases earlier in 2005.[21] According to the Chicago Tribune, the Subway restaurants in two oases are managed by the nephew of Tony Rezko, a controversial political fundraiser. In response, tollway spokesmen noted that Wilton Partners was selected during the administration of Governor George Ryan and that the lease gives Wilton discretion to select the individual vendors.[22]

The interior of the Belvidere Oasis building

News accounts quoted businessmen who claimed that Jay Wilton, the President of Wilton Partners, encouraged them to donate funds to Blagojevich's 2003 gubernatorial campaign.[20] In December 2003, Wilton Partners reportedly gave Rezko's Panda Express franchise a 50% reduction in its rent at the oases.[20] In January 2007, Wilton stopped making required payments to ISTHA for the oases, and by February 2008, when the back rent grew to $1.4 million, Wilton and ISTHA entered into settlement negotiations.[20] However, in July 2008, Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan rejected a proposed settlement where ISTHA would forgo the $1.4 million in back rent in exchange for Wilton dropping a claim of $4.7 million for lost business due to tollway construction.[20] In the spring of 2009, Wilton Partners' lender, iStar Financial, foreclosed on the oases.[20] Subsequently, the court appointed U.S. Equities, a Chicago firm, to manage the oases pending the outcome of the foreclosure.[23] Further, another food vendor operating in all seven oases who donated to Blagojevich has also received press attention for failure to pay sales taxes and state unemployment insurance.[24] In 2010, SFI Chicago Tollway LLC became the oases' operator. In 2012, SFI paid the Tollway $813,000 for a long-term lease to operate all seven oases, excluding the fuel stations and convenience stores operated by 7-Eleven.[19]

On December 9, 2009, a truck driver standing at the gas station parking lot of the Belvidere oasis was killed when debris thrown by an explosion at an adjacent factory struck him. The six-story factory building was hundreds of feet away from the oasis.[25]

On September 26, 2013, ISTHA announced that the Des Plaines Oasis over the Jane Addams Tollway would be closed in April 2014. The structure was demolished to make way for the widening of the toll road and the O'Hare West Bypass.[19]

Additionally, ISTHA has proposed rebuilding and widening the Central Tri-State Tollway (I-294) to five lanes in each direction with a wide shoulder that could be used as a "flex lane". Under these plans, the Hinsdale and O'Hare Oasis will have to be demolished in order to make room for the wider road.[26][27] On September 5, 2018, the O'Hare oasis closed to prepare for the widening project. The Hinsdale Oasis closed on September 13, 2021, to also prepare for the widening project.[12]


The oases are spread along the tollway system, with each oasis serving traffic in both directions. The Lincoln Oasis is strategically placed to serve east-west traffic crossing Illinois on Interstate 80.[15] The DeKalb Oasis serves traffic crossing Illinois on Interstate 88,[16] and the Belvidere Oasis serves traffic travelling between Madison, Wisconsin, and Chicago on Interstate 90.[28] The O'Hare Oasis also benefits from serving traffic, including returning rental cars, associated with O'Hare Airport.[29] The only tollways that do not have any oases are the Veterans Memorial Tollway (Interstate 355) and the Elgin–O'Hare Tollway (Illinois Route 390), which were designed to serve local traffic and opened decades after the other tollways and oases were built.[30] On March 16, 2014, the Des Plaines Oasis closed as part of construction on the Elgin–O'Hare Expressway expansion.[31] On September 5, 2018, The O'Hare Oasis closed to make way for Tri State Tollway widening. The Hinsdale Oasis closed on September 13, 2021, also to make way for the Tri State Tollway widening.[12]

List of Illinois Tollway oases
Name Route Mile km Location Coordinates
Belvidere Oasis[28] I-90 (Jane Addams Memorial Tollway) 24.5 39.4 Just east of Rockford in Belvidere 42°14′00″N 88°50′04″W / 42.23343°N 88.834567°W / 42.23343; -88.834567 (Belvidere Oasis)
DeKalb Oasis[16] I-88 (Ronald Reagan Memorial Tollway) 93 150 Near DeKalb 41°54′01″N 88°44′21″W / 41.900178°N 88.739188°W / 41.900178; -88.739188 (DeKalb Oasis)
Des Plaines Oasis[29] I-90 (Jane Addams Memorial Tollway) 4.5 7.2 Formerly at Des Plaines[31] 42°00′53″N 87°55′35″W / 42.014697°N 87.926464°W / 42.014697; -87.926464 (Des Plaines Oasis)
Hinsdale Oasis[32] I-294 (Tri-State Tollway) 25 40 Formerly at Hinsdale 41°47′01″N 87°54′28″W / 41.783497°N 87.90785°W / 41.783497; -87.90785 (Hinsdale Oasis)
Lake Forest Oasis[33] I-94 (Tri-State Tollway) 18 29 Near Lake Forest 42°15′11″N 87°54′05″W / 42.252952°N 87.901346°W / 42.252952; -87.901346 (Lake Forest Oasis)
Chicago Southland Lincoln Oasis[15] (I-80/I-294) (Tri-State Tollway) 1 1.6 Near South Holland 41°34′43″N 87°35′57″W / 41.57869°N 87.599052°W / 41.57869; -87.599052 (Lincoln Oasis)
O’Hare Oasis[34] I-294 (Tri-State Tollway) 38 61 Formerly At Schiller Park 41°57′02″N 87°52′57″W / 41.95056°N 87.882477°W / 41.95056; -87.882477 (O'Hare Oasis)


  1. ^ Federal regulations forbid commercial development at rest areas on toll-free Interstates;[1] only toll roads can offer services to the public. The Wendell H. Ford Western Kentucky Parkway in Kentucky and the Connecticut Turnpike have service areas that have been grandfathered because they were built when their associated highways were toll roads. Some rest areas along the New York State Thruway and almost all along the New Jersey Turnpike, Indiana Toll Road, Ohio Turnpike, Florida's Turnpike,[2] Turnpikes of Oklahoma[3] and Pennsylvania Turnpike[4] are also commercialized to at least some extent.


  1. ^ Federal Highway Administration. "Landscape and Roadside Development: Safety Rest Areas". U.S. Government Printing Office. 23 C.F.R. 752.5. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  2. ^ Florida's Turnpike Enterprise. "Service Plazas". Florida's Turnpike Enterprise. Archived from the original on November 26, 2009. Retrieved November 12, 2009.
  3. ^ McNutt, Michael (October 31, 2009). "Eatery Updates set for Will Rogers Turnpike". The Oklahoman. Oklahoma City, OK. Retrieved November 14, 2009.
  4. ^ Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission. "Service Plazas". Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission. Archived from the original on October 31, 2009. Retrieved November 12, 2009.
  5. ^ Stanley, Kevin & Valle, Yolanda. "Illinois Tollway Oases: Retail and Restaurant Leasing Opportunities" (PDF). U.S. Equities Asset Management. Retrieved January 10, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. "Rest and Refuel at a Tollway Oasis". Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Retrieved December 23, 2009.
  7. ^ "Illinois Tollway to Operate Customer Service Centers at 'Oasis' Service Plazas". TOLLROADSnews. February 18, 2007. Archived from the original on June 9, 2011. Retrieved December 15, 2009.
  8. ^ Corfman, Thomas A. (January 8, 2007). "Oasis Money Drying up for Tollway". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved December 14, 2009.
  9. ^ Pyke, Marni (November 25, 2009). "Tollway Officials: We're 'Not Good' at Running Oases". Daily Herald. Arlington Heights, IL. Retrieved December 14, 2009.
  10. ^ Pyke, Marni (January 2, 2010). "O'Hare Bypass Threatens Des Plaines Oasis". Daily Herald. Arlington Heights, IL. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
  11. ^ LeClaire, George (March 16, 2014). "Des Plaines Oasis Closes Today". Daily Herald. Arlington Heights, IL. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c Gregory, Ted (September 5, 2018). "Above-the-Road O'Hare Oasis—A Unique Slice of Illinois History—Closes to Make Way for Tri-State Widening". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
  13. ^ "Hinsdale Oasis pavilion now closed". Chicago: WGN-TV. September 14, 2021. Retrieved June 23, 2022.
  14. ^ McGrath, Paul (February 6, 1966). "Commission to Build Lincoln Oasis; New Contract Negotiated". Chicago Tribune. §10, p. 6. Retrieved June 29, 2019 – via
  15. ^ a b c Illinois State Toll Highway Authority (n.d.). "Lincoln Oasis". Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved November 12, 2009.
  16. ^ a b c Illinois State Toll Highway Authority (n.d.). "DeKalb Oasis". Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved November 12, 2009.
  17. ^ Bean, Ron. "Illinois Oasis Tollway History". Self-published. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ a b c Wronski, Richard (September 26, 2013). "Tollway Closing Des Plaines Oasis". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  20. ^ a b c d e f Ryan, Joseph; Patterson, John (August 15, 2009). "Toll Authority Was Ready to Forgive Millions Oasis Operator Owed It". Daily Herald. Arlington Heights, IL. Retrieved November 12, 2009.
  21. ^ "Birkett Requests Tollway Oasis Docs". Crain's Chicago Business. March 4, 2005. Retrieved March 19, 2007.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ Groark, Virginia; Chase, John (February 13, 2005). "Tollway Oasis Pact Rich with Links to Governor's Allies". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 12, 2009 – via ProQuest Archiver.
  23. ^ Pyke, Marni (November 5, 2009). "Tollway Gets an Earful on Oasis Contracts at Hearing". Daily Herald. Arlington Heights, IL. Retrieved November 12, 2009.
  24. ^ Fusco, Chris; McKenney, Dave (December 13, 2007). "Tax Debt No Bar to Tollway Deal". Chicago Sun Times. Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved November 12, 2009.
  25. ^ Garvey, Georgia; Lee, William (December 8, 2009). "Debris from Explosion Kills Trucker at Belvidere Oasis". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
  26. ^ Pyke, Marni. "Hinsdale Fears Loss of Tollway Oasis". Daily Herald. Arlington Heights, IL. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
  27. ^ Wisniewski, Mary. "Tollway Unveils, Advances $4B Plan to Widen Tri-State, from Balmoral to 95th". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
  28. ^ a b Illinois State Toll Highway Authority (n.d.). "Belvidere Oasis". Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Archived from the original on January 9, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
  29. ^ a b Illinois State Toll Highway Authority (n.d.). "Des Plaines Oasis". Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Archived from the original on January 15, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
  30. ^ Kemp, Jan (June 28, 2006). "Why isn't there an oasis on the North–South Tollway?". BEEP Message Board. Archived from the original on November 23, 2007. Retrieved November 15, 2007.
  31. ^ a b Pyke, Marni (March 16, 2014). "Des Plaines Oasis Closes Today". Daily Herald. Arlington Heights, IL. Retrieved April 2, 2014.
  32. ^ Illinois State Toll Highway Authority (n.d.). "Hinsdale Oasis". Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Archived from the original on January 15, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
  33. ^ Illinois State Toll Highway Authority (n.d.). "Lake Forest Oasis". Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Archived from the original on January 15, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
  34. ^ Illinois State Toll Highway Authority (n.d.). "O'Hare Oasis". Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Archived from the original on January 15, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2009.

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