New York State Route 30

From the AARoads Wiki: Read about the road before you go
Jump to navigation Jump to search

New York State Route 30

NY 30 highlighted in red, and former alignments maintained as reference routes in blue
Route information
Maintained by NYSDOT and the city of Amsterdam
Length300.71 mi[1] (483.95 km)
Major junctions
South end I-86 / NY 17 in Hancock
Major intersections NY 28 at Pepacton Reservoir
US 20 in Duanesburg

I-90 Toll / New York Thruway in Amsterdam
NY 5 in Amsterdam
NY 8 in Speculator
NY 28 at Indian Lake
US 11 in Malone
North end R-138 at the Canada–US border in Constable
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountiesDelaware, Schoharie, Schenectady, Montgomery, Fulton, Hamilton, Franklin, St. Lawrence
Highway system
NY 29A NY 30A

New York State Route 30 (NY 30) is a state highway in the central part of New York in the United States. It extends for 300.71 miles (483.95 km) from an interchange with NY 17 (Future Interstate 86) in the Southern Tier to the US–Canada border in the state's North Country, where it continues into Quebec as Route 138. On a regional level, the route serves to connect the Catskill Park to the Adirondack Park. In the latter, NY 30 is known as the Adirondack Trail. Aside from the state parks, the route serves the city of Amsterdam (where it meets the New York State Thruway) and several villages.

NY 30 was assigned in the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York to most of its modern routing south of Wells, replacing a series of designations that had been assigned to the highway in the 1920s. The portion of what is now NY 30 north of Speculator was initially part of NY 10. When that route was truncated to Arietta c. 1960, NY 30 was extended northward over NY 10's former alignment by way of an overlap with NY 8.

Route description

The New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) maintains all but 0.97 miles (1.56 km) of NY 30's 301-mile (484 km) alignment. The only section not maintained by the state is located in the city of Amsterdam, where the route is locally maintained from Prospect Street (two blocks north of NY 67) to the northern city line.[3]

Hancock to Schoharie

NY 30 southern terminus with NY 17 interchange visible

NY 30 begins at an interchange with NY 17 in the town of Hancock adjacent to the confluence of the East Branch of the Delaware River and the Beaverkill River. The route follows the East Branch northeast to Downsville, where it meets NY 206. NY 206 follows NY 30 across the East Branch into Catskill Park, where the routes split near Brock Mountain. NY 30 exits the park, runs along the south side of the Pepacton Reservoir, before crossing over to the north side of the river. Near Margaretville, NY 30 briefly overlaps NY 28 before turning northward toward Roxbury, where the route passes the John Burroughs Memorial State Historic Site.[4] New York Governor David Paterson designated the stretch of NY 30 within Delaware County the "David C. Brinkerhoff Memorial Highway", after the New York State Trooper who was slain in pursuit of Travis Trimm near the village on April 25, 2007.[5][6]

Northbound NY 30 approaching the southern terminus of NY 30A

From Roxbury, NY 30 follows the East Branch to Grand Gorge in northeastern Delaware County, where the East Branch comes to an end amidst the mountains. NY 30, meanwhile, intersects NY 23 in the center of the hamlet.[4]

North of Grand Gorge, NY 30 crosses into Schoharie County and intersects NY 990V, one of four reference routes in New York signed as a touring route, near the northeastern edge of the Schoharie Reservoir in Gilboa. From NY 990V northward, NY 30 follows the Schoharie Creek through Schoharie County to Middleburgh, where it intersects NY 145. To the north in Schoharie, NY 30 meets NY 443 before splitting into NY 30 and NY 30A north of the village, with Schoharie Creek largely following NY 30A. While NY 30A connects to Interstate 88 (I-88) by way of an interchange a short distance to the north, NY 30 has no connection to the freeway. Just past I-88, NY 30 intersects NY 7. Shortly after passing NY 7, NY 30 enters Schenectady County.[4]

NY 30 approaching Amsterdam with Market Street hill visible in the background

Schoharie to Adirondack Park

In Schenectady County, Schoharie Creek breaks from NY 30A and returns to the vicinity of NY 30 as it intersects U.S. Route 20 (US 20) in Esperance. From Esperance northward, the creek becomes roughly equidistant from both NY 30 and NY 30A as all three entities cross into Montgomery County. Near the northeastern corner of the county, NY 30 enters the city of Amsterdam. The route meets the New York State Thruway (I-90) and NY 5S via separate interchanges before heading downhill as a four-lane divided highway approaching the Mohawk River (here part of the Erie Canal). Historically, the bridge over the river was a straight line to Market Street, which is visible as one approaches northbound. Segments of downtown Market Street remain in use today. With the 1977 creation of the Amsterdam Mall, NY 30, together with NY 5 and NY 67, were re-routed onto splits.[7][8] After the splits rejoin, NY 30 continues on Market Street and leaves the city and, for all purposes, the county.[4]

In adjacent Fulton County, NY 30 crosses NY 29 near Broadalbin, then curves gently to the east after an intersection with County Route 155 (CR 155), a historical routing of NY 29. 0.25 miles (0.40 km), NY 30 turns left toward Mayfield; CR 155 continues eastward. The concurrency between the two routes is unsigned.[4]

NY 30 historically followed School Street through the village of Mayfield. The new routing has it heading toward Riceville, where NY 30A rejoins NY 30. Here, the Adirondack Trail begins as NY 30 turns right, following the right-of-way of NY 30A into Adirondack Park shortly before entering Mayfield.[4]

Adirondack Park and Franklin County

NY 30 overlaps NY 28 through the western portion of the Indian Lake hamlet

NY 30 runs through the Adirondacks, accessing communities such as Speculator, Blue Mountain Lake, and Tupper Lake as a scenic byway named the Adirondack Trail.[4][9] From Wells to Speculator, NY 30 is concurrent to NY 8, then with NY 28 from Indian Lake to Blue Mountain Lake. Between Blue Mountain Lake and Long Lake, NY 30 is concurrent with the western third of NY 28N.[4]

Near Tupper Lake, it skirts the boundary between Franklin and Saint Lawrence for a considerable distance before entering Tupper Lake and intersecting NY 3. The two routes overlap to Harrietstown, where NY 30 splits from NY 3 and heads north along a series of lakes, including Upper Saranac Lake and Meacham Lake. North of Duane, NY 30 exits Adirondack Park and heads north towards Malone. Within the village, NY 30 briefly overlaps US 11. The Adirondack Trail ends at the east end of the overlap. The route continues north out of the village to the Canada–US border in Constable, where it becomes Route 138 upon entering Quebec at the Trout River Border Crossing.[4]


Old roads

Route 30 made up part of the privately owned Middletown and Roxbury Turnpike. The turnpike, which accessed the villages of Middletown and Roxbury, was created in 1808.[10] The highway was about 23 miles (37 km) long, as that is the current stretch of Route 30 from Middletown to Roxbury.[1]

The stretch of Route 30 from Middleburgh to Schoharie was also once part of the Middleburgh and Schoharie Plank Road.[10]


Prior to 1930, the modern routing of NY 30 carried a large number of designations. Between Margaretville and Grand Gorge in the town of Roxbury, what is now NY 30 was designated as part of NY 19. From Mayfield north to Malone, most of the current routing of NY 30 carried a designation. The portion from the modern junction of NY 30 and NY 30A in Mayfield to Speculator was part of NY 54. From Speculator to Indian Lake, NY 30 was the northernmost segment of NY 80.[2] Between Indian Lake and Long Lake, NY 30 comprised the western half of NY 10A.[11] Past Long Lake, NY 30 was part of NY 10 north to the modern junction of NY 30 and NY 186 west of Harrietstown. From NY 186 to modern NY 86 in Paul Smiths, the present alignment of NY 30 was unnumbered. Between Paul Smiths and Malone, NY 30 was part of NY 3. The remainder of NY 30 was unnumbered.[2]

In the 1930 renumbering, NY 30 was largely assigned to its current alignment between the Hancock hamlet of East Branch and Wells, where it terminated at NY 8. Past Wells, the modern alignment of NY 30 was designated as NY 8 to Speculator and as NY 10 north to the Canada–US border.[2][12] NY 10 was truncated southward to NY 8 in Arietta c. 1960, at which time NY 30 was extended north to Quebec along the former alignment of NY 10.[13][14]


One of the entrances of the Old Route 30 trail

NY 30 has been realigned in two areas along its routing. The first realignment was in the Schoharie Valley near the hamlets of Breakabeen and Fultonham. NY 30 was originally routed along the base of Toepath Mountain near Fultonham and along a pair of village streets in Breakabeen. In the 1950s, a proposal was made to reroute NY 30 onto a new routing in the base of the valley surrounding Schoharie Creek. The proposal was approved, and the new alignment of NY 30 opened c. 1970.[15][16] The former routing of NY 30 from Max V. Shaul State Park near Breakabeen to Fultonham, still visible from the modern alignment of the route, was closed to the public and guardrails were installed to stop motor traffic from using the route. However, biking and walking was still allowed, and the old highway is now a 1.5-mile-long (2.4 km) trail known as "Old Route 30". The trail is not maintained; thus, the quality of the blacktop along Old Route 30 has deteriorated over the years. There are significant potholes and overhanging trees, but the path is still traversable. A large landslide has taken out a section of the road at the southern end.

The second realignment of NY 30 was in the vicinity of the village of Northville. Route NY 30 originally entered the village by way of Bridge Street and followed Bridge, Main, and Reed streets through the village. It continued along the eastern bank of the Great Sacandaga Lake on what is now Old State Road and Old Northville Road and rejoined its modern alignment in the town of Hope.[12] The route was realigned c. 1961 to follow a new highway along the western lakeshore, bypassing Northville entirely.[14][17] The portion of Bridge Street from NY 30 to the Northville village line remains state-maintained as NY 920H, an unsigned reference route 0.21 miles (0.34 km) in length.[1] Farther north, the portion of Old Northville Road from the FultonHamilton county line to its junction with NY 30 is maintained by Hamilton County as CR 15.[18]

Within Amsterdam, the highway was part of an arterial project connecting the Thruway to four-lane highways. The NY 30 highway, called the North-South Arterial, opened from the Thruway to Cleveland Avenue on December 20, 1960.[19] This was connected to a new bridge over the Mohawk River on October 4, 1973,[20] which opened to a loop around central Amsterdam opened in 1969.[21]

Two intersections with other state highways in the Town of Schoharie, NY 443 and NY 30A were simplified to simple T-intersections beginning in the summer of 2010.[22] The latter intersection was the site of a deadly limousine crash in October 2018 that killed 20 people.[23]

Major intersections

DelawareTown of Hancock0.000.00 NY 17 – New York City, BinghamtonSouthern terminus; exit 90 on the Quickway (NY 17 / future I-86); hamlet of East Branch
NY 206 west – Walton
Southern terminus of NY 206 concurrency; hamlet of Downsville
NY 206 east (Cat Hollow Road) – Roscoe
Northern terminus of NY 206 concurrency
NY 28 north (Palmer Hill Road) – Andes
Southern terminus of NY 28 concurrency
NY 28 south – Arkville
Northern terminus of NY 28 concurrency
Roxbury60.4297.24 NY 23 – Stamford, PrattsvilleHamlet of Grand Gorge
NY 990V east – Gilboa
Western terminus of NY 990V
Town of Middleburgh82.56132.87
NY 145 north – Cobleskill
Western terminus of NY 145 concurrency
Village of Middleburgh82.67133.04
NY 145 south (Main Street) – Catskill
Eastern terminus of NY 145 concurrency
Town of Schoharie88.75142.83
NY 443 east – Gallupville
Western terminus of NY 443; hamlet of Vroman Corners

NY 30A north to I-88 – Central Bridge
Southern terminus of NY 30A
Town of Esperance92.10148.22
NY 7 to I-88 – Duanesburg, Cobleskill
SchenectadyDuanesburg96.09154.64 US 20 – Esperance, Duanesburg
NY 159 east (Mariaville Road) – Mariaville
Western terminus of NY 159
NY 161 west – Glen
Eastern terminus of NY 161
FloridaAmsterdam line109.72176.58
I-90 Toll / New York Thruway – Albany, Buffalo
Exit 27 (I-90 / Thruway)
City of Amsterdam110.03177.08 NY 5S – Auriesville, SchenectadyParclo interchange
NY 5 east – Schenectady
NY 67 west
Southern terminus of NY 67 concurrency
NY 5 west
NY 67 east (Church Street)
Northern terminus of NY 67 concurrency
FultonTown of Mayfield118.95191.43 NY 29 – Johnstown, SaratogaRoundabout; hamlet of Vail Mills
NY 349 west – Gloversville
Eastern terminus of NY 349; hamlet of Red Bunch Corners
NY 30A south – Gloversville
Northern terminus of NY 30A; roundabout; hamlet of Riceville
Northampton134.18215.94Bridge Street (NY 920H) – Northville, Edinburg, Lake GeorgeWestern terminus of unsigned NY 920H; former routing of NY 30
NY 8 north – Wevertown
Southern terminus of NY 8 concurrency
NY 8 south – Lake Pleasant, Poland
Northern terminus of NY 8 concurrency
Town of Indian Lake186.62300.34
NY 28 north – North Creek
Southern terminus of NY 28 concurrency; hamlet of Indian Lake

NY 28 south / NY 28N east – Raquette Lake, Old Forge
Northern terminus of NY 28 concurrency; western terminus of NY 28N; hamlet of Blue Mountain Lake
Town of Long Lake208.63335.76
NY 28N east (Newcomb Road) – Newcomb
Northern terminus of NY 28N concurrency; hamlet of Long Lake
St. LawrencePiercefield221.96357.21
NY 421 west – Horseshoe Lake
Eastern terminus of NY 421
FranklinVillage of Tupper Lake230.79371.42
NY 3 west (Mill Street) – Potsdam, Watertown
Western terminus of NY 3 concurrency
NY 3 east (Tupper Lake Highway) – Saranac Lake
Eastern terminus of NY 3 concurrency
NY 186 east – Saranac Lake
Western terminus of NY 186; hamlet of Lake Clear
NY 86 east (Easy Street) – Saranac Lake, Lake Placid
Western terminus of NY 86; hamlet of Paul Smiths
NY 458 west (Santa Clara Road) – St. Regis Falls
Eastern terminus of NY 458
274.64441.99 CR 26 – Mountain View, Owls HeadFormer western terminus of NY 99
Village of Malone288.81464.79
NY 11B west (Franklin Street) – Potsdam
Southern terminus of NY 11B concurrency

US 11 south (West Main Street) / NY 11B end / NY 37 west (Finney Boulevard) – Massena, Potsdam
Eastern termini of NY 11B and NY 37; southern terminus of US 11 concurrency
US 11 north (East Main Street)
Northern terminus of US 11 concurrency

NY 122 east to US 11 north
Southern terminus of NY 122 concurrency

NY 122 west to NY 37
Northern terminus of NY 122 concurrency
300.71483.95 R-138 northTrout River Border Crossing; continuation into Quebec
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

NY 30A

New York State Route 30A

Length34.86 mi (56.10 km)
ExistedApril, 1960–present

NY 30A is a 34.86-mile-long (56.10 km) alternate route of NY 30, running west of NY 30 from north of Schoharie to south of Mayfield through Fultonville, Fonda, Johnstown, and Gloversville. Along the way, it connects to several major east–west highways, including US 20 in Esperance and the New York State Thruway in Fultonville.[1] It was assigned in April 1960 and replaced NY 148 north of NY 7 in Central Bridge and NY 43 south of NY 7.[24]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e "2008 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. pp. 168–171, 346. Retrieved December 7, 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d Dickinson, Leon A. (January 12, 1930). "New Signs for State Highways". The New York Times. p. 136.
  3. ^ "Montgomery County Inventory Listing" (CSV). New York State Department of Transportation. March 2, 2010. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Google (July 9, 2008). "overview map of NY 30" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 9, 2008.
  5. ^ "Road renamed for slain state trooper". Kingston Daily Freeman. July 11, 2008.
  6. ^ New York State Department of Transportation (January 2017). Official Description of Highway Touring Routes, Bicycling Touring Routes, Scenic Byways, & Commemorative/Memorial Designations in New York State (PDF). p. 93. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
  7. ^ Kerr, Doug. "Picture of NY 30, 5, and 67 in Amsterdam". Mark Sinsabaugh. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
  8. ^ Google (September 21, 2008). "overview map of NY 30 in Amsterdam" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
  9. ^ "New York State Highway Law § 342-b". New York State Legislature. 2008. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
  10. ^ a b Legislative Document. New York State Legislature. 1919. p. 829.
  11. ^ Automobile Legal Association (ALA) Automobile Green Book, 1930–31 and 1931–32 editions, (Scarborough Motor Guide Co., Boston, 1930 and 1931). The 1930–31 edition shows New York state routes prior to the 1930 renumbering
  12. ^ a b Road Map of New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Standard Oil Company of New York. 1930.
  13. ^ Ontario (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Imperial Oil. 1959. Archived from the original on August 23, 2008. Retrieved September 14, 2007.
  14. ^ a b New York and New Jersey Tourgide Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Gulf Oil Company. 1960.
  15. ^ Federal Highway Administration (2008). "Structure 1053510". National Bridge Inventory. United States Department of Transportation.
  16. ^ Federal Highway Administration (2008). "Structure 1053520". National Bridge Inventory. United States Department of Transportation.
  17. ^ New York and Metropolitan New York (Map) (1961–62 ed.). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company. Sunoco. 1961.
  18. ^ Hope Falls Digital Raster Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. New York State Department of Transportation. 1969. Retrieved May 19, 2009.
  19. ^ "AMSTERDAM BYPASS OPENS". The Daily Times. 1960-12-20. p. 18. Retrieved 2024-01-01.
  20. ^ "New Bridge". Oswego Palladium Times. October 5, 1973. Retrieved January 1, 2024.
  21. ^ National Bridge Inventory, BIN 1051890
  22. ^ "Public Information Meeting for Intersection Improvement at State Routes 30 & 30A; State Routes 30A & 443, Schoharie" (Press release). NYSDOT. July 19, 2010. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  23. ^ "Police: 20 dead in upstate NY crash involving limousine". Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. October 7, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  24. ^ "State Will Change Route 148 Number to 30-A, Auto Club Informed; Younglove Helped". The Leader-Herald. Gloversville, New York. April 12, 1960. p. 11. Retrieved January 15, 2017.

External links