New Jersey Route 440

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Route 440

Route information
Maintained by NJDOT and PANYNJ
Length13.33 mi[1] (21.45 km)
ExistedJanuary 1, 1953[2]–present
Middlesex County section
Length5.15 mi[1] (8.29 km)
South end
Major intersections
North end NY 440 in Richmond Valley, NY
Hudson County section
Length8.18 mi[1] (13.16 km)
South end NY 440 in Elm Park, NY
Major intersections
North end
Location
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountiesMiddlesex, Hudson
Highway system
Route 439 Route 444
Route 168Route 169 Route 170

Route 440 is a state highway in New Jersey, United States. It comprises two segments, a 5.15-mile (8.29 km) freeway in Middlesex County linking Interstate 287 (I-287) and the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95), in Edison to the Outerbridge Crossing in Perth Amboy and a 8.18-mile (13.16 km) four-lane divided highway in Hudson County running from the Bayonne Bridge in Bayonne to U.S. Route 1/9 Truck (US 1-9 Truck) in Jersey City. These two segments are connected by New York State Route 440 (NY 440), which runs across Staten Island. The freeway portion in Middlesex County is six lanes wide and interchanges with the Garden State Parkway and US 9 in Woodbridge.

What is now Route 440 was designated as two different routes in 1927: the Middlesex County portion between Route 4 (now Route 35) and the proposed Outerbridge Crossing was designated Route S4 (a spur of Route 4) while the Hudson County portion was designated as a part of Route 1. In 1953, Route 440 replaced Route S4 as well as Route 1 south of Communipaw Avenue; the number was chosen to match NY 440. A freeway was built for the route in Middlesex County between 1967 and finished in 1972. A freeway was also proposed for the route in Hudson County to fill in the gap between the Bayonne Bridge and 63rd Street; however, it was never built. In 2001, Route 440 replaced Route 169 along the Bayonne waterfront.

Route description

Middlesex County

View north along Route 440 at Garden State Parkway and US 9 in Woodbridge Township

The Route 440 freeway begins in Edison Township at an interchange with the southern terminus of Interstate 287 and the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95); from Route 440's southern terminus, the road becomes northbound Interstate 287. Within this interchange, Route 440 also has access to County Route 514.[1] It continues to the east as a six-lane road through wooded surroundings and enters Woodbridge Township at the underpass of King Georges Post Road. Here, the route interchanges with County Route 656 (Smith Street) before intersecting the Garden State Parkway and U.S. Route 9 at a large interchange. Within this interchange, the route passes under Conrail Shared Assets Operations' (CSAO) Raritan Industrial Track line.[1][3] From here, the freeway turns northeast and passes under CSAO's Perth Amboy Running Track line before it enters Perth Amboy at the point where it crosses under County Route 616 (New Brunswick Avenue).[1] Route 440 passes near homes before coming to the next interchange for County Route 501 and Route 184.[1][3] At this point, County Route 501 joins the Route 440 freeway for a concurrency, and the road comes to an interchange with Route 35 a short distance later.[1] The road continues east-southeast, with an exit for County Route 653 (Amboy Avenue) before it passes through more residential neighborhoods.[1][3] The final exit on the Middlesex County portion of Route 440 serves County Route 611 (State Street).[1] Past this interchange, Route 440 becomes the Outerbridge Crossing, a four-lane bridge maintained by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ). It passes over NJ Transit’s North Jersey Coast Line and State Street before crossing over the Arthur Kill onto Staten Island. At the New Jersey-New York state line on the middle of the bridge, the southern segments of Route 440 and County Route 501 end and become New York State Route 440.[1][3] An extension of Route 440 also intersects with Route 35 right after the Victory Bridge crossing in Perth Amboy (around Shoprite) [4]

Hudson County

Route 440 northbound at Kennedy Boulevard (CR 501) in Bayonne

After New York State Route 440 runs 12.73 mi (20.49 km) through Staten Island, it enters New Jersey again via the Bayonne Bridge, a four-lane bridge over Kill Van Kull that is also maintained by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.[1][5][6] Upon entering Bayonne in Hudson County, the road becomes the northern segment of Route 440 and County Route 501 and continues north into residential sections of the city.[1][5] After widening into an expressway maintained by the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT), County Route 501 splits from the route by heading north on Kennedy Boulevard at an interchange.[1] Meanwhile, Route 440 turns to the east, with CSAO's Avenue A Industrial Track and NJ Transit's Hudson–Bergen Light Rail line parallel to the north, before heading northeast and passing through industrial areas as a surface road, crossing under a CSAO railroad line. It heads north-northeast as it passes between neighborhoods and the parallel CSAO Bayonne Industrial Track and NJ Transit's Hudson–Bergen Light Rail lines to the west and port areas to the east, including the former Military Ocean Terminal.[1][5]

Route 440 northbound at I-78 in Jersey City

The route crosses into Jersey City, where it comes to an interchange with the Newark Bay Extension of the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 78) that provides access to the Jersey City and Hoboken waterfronts and the Holland Tunnel. Following this, Route 440 reaches an interchange with Route 185.[1] Here, the mainline becomes Route 185 and Route 440 exits onto another four-lane expressway.[1][5] From here, Route 440 continues northwest, crossing under Interstate 78 and passing over CSAO's Bayonne Industrial Track and NJ Transit's Hudson–Bergen Light Rail lines before closely paralleling the north side of Interstate 78 and the south side of CSAO's National Docks Branch line. The route interchanges with Avenue C before becoming an undivided road that reenters Bayonne and crossing over County Route 501 (Kennedy Boulevard) without an interchange. Past this intersection, Route 440 makes a sharp turn to the south and passes under the Newark Bay Bridge (Interstate 78).[1] After making a hairpin turn back to the north, it passes under the Newark Bay Bridge another time and runs along the eastern shore of Newark Bay, crossing under CSAO's National Docks Branch line. The route interchanges with West 63rd Street before crossing back into Jersey City and passing residences to the east. It intersects County Route 602 (Danforth Avenue) as the road heads into business sectors farther to the east of Newark Bay. The road heads past industrial establishments before running through commercial areas again, passing to the east of the Hudson Mall.[1][5] Route 440 ends at an intersection with U.S. Route 1/9 Truck and County Route 612 (Communipaw Avenue), where the road continues north as part of U.S. Route 1/9 Truck.[1]

History

Route S4

LocationPerth Amboy
Existed1927[7]–1953[8]

In the 1927 New Jersey state highway renumbering, what is now Route 440 was defined as two separate routes. The Middlesex County portion from Route 4 (now Route 35) to the present location of the Outerbridge Crossing was legislated as Route S4, a spur of Route 4. Meanwhile, the Hudson County portion of the route was legislated as a part of Route 1, a route that was to run from Bayonne to the New York border in Rockleigh.[7][9] Route S4 was eventually extended west to the Garden State Parkway. This route followed Pfeiffer Boulevard and the one-way pair of Lawrence Avenue and Grove Street.[8][10] Meanwhile, Route 1 only existed as a state-maintained highway north of 63rd Street in Bayonne; south of there, traffic used Hudson Boulevard to access the Bayonne Bridge. A road carrying Route 1 was proposed to be built on landfill in the Passaic River; however, it was never constructed.[11] In the 1953 New Jersey state highway renumbering, both Route S4 between the Garden State Parkway and the Outerbridge Crossing as well as Route 1 between 63rd Street and Communipaw Avenue became Route 440 in order to match New York State Route 440.[8][12]

Route 169

LocationBayonne
Existed1957–2001[13]
Route 440 signed with CR 501 in Perth Amboy

In the mid-1950s, a freeway alignment was proposed for Route 440 in Middlesex County. This route, a part of the Middlesex Freeway, was to connect the New Jersey Turnpike and Interstate 287 to the Outerbridge Crossing.[14] Construction began on the freeway in 1967, and the first section of highway, west from Woodbridge Avenue, opened in conjunction with the adjoining section of I-287.[15] Opening an extension to Crows Mill Road stalled due to limits on that road's bridge over the Lehigh Valley Railroad. Its scheduled opening date was delayed a year to late 1970 on the eastbound section, and early 1972 on its westbound section.[16] The connection with the Garden State Parkway opened in stages in January and June of 1973,[17][18] and the highway was completed to the Outerbridge crossing on February 25, 1974.[19] The old alignment of Route 440 along Pfeiffer Boulevard between the Garden State Parkway and Route 35 became Route 184.[20]

In 1959, an additional piece of Route 440 was legislated to run from the Bayonne Bridge to 63rd Street to complete the route, running over the waters of the Newark Bay; this was never built.[21] A freeway was also proposed in the 1960s for Route 440 in Hudson County connecting the Bayonne Bridge to Interstate 78 and filling in the gap in the route.[22] In 1976, Route 440 was proposed along with Route 169 in a plan to redevelop the waterfront area of Bayonne.[23] However, the NJDOT shelved the project a year later due to low traffic volumes and feared environmental impact to the Newark Bay.[24] Route 169 was later constructed as a four-lane arterial completed in 1992.[25] In 2001, Route 169 was redesignated as Route 440 in order to complete the gap in the route.[13]

The north end of Route 440 at US 1/9 Truck in Jersey City

On January 8, 2008, Gov. Jon Corzine announced plans for a new 35-cent toll on the Middlesex County portion of Route 440, in addition to increases on existing toll roads, to help raise funds to reduce New Jersey's outstanding debt.[26][27] However, he dropped the idea to toll Route 440 a month later after mounting opposition to the idea.[27] Between 2015 and 2018 the New Jersey Turnpike Authority reconstructed Exit 14A between Interstate 78 and Route 440.[28] Construction began in 2017 to replace the overpass carrying Route 440 over the Garden State Parkway and U.S. Route 9 and it was completed in 2019.[29]

In anticipation of a general increase of activity in Port of New York and New Jersey and new development on West Side and Hackensack Riverfront in Jersey City studies are being conducted to transform the roadway into a multi-use urban boulevard that includes possible grade separations, medians, and a new traffic circle at its northern terminus.[30][31][32][33]

By Joint Resolution No. 4, approved July 3, 1997, the New Jersey Legislature designated the portion of Route 440 in the city of Perth Amboy as the Edward J. Patten Memorial Highway. Democrat Edward J. Patten, a former Mayor of Perth Amboy, New Jersey, later served as Secretary of State of New Jersey and represented New Jersey's 15th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives.[34]

Major intersections

All exits are unnumbered.

CountyLocationmi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
MiddlesexEdison0.000.00
I-287 north – Morristown, Mahwah
Continuation north


I-95 Toll / N.J. Turnpike / CR 514 – Woodbridge, Bonhamtown, Raritan Center
Exit 10 on I-95 / Turnpike
Woodbridge1.462.35Smith Street (CR 656) / Riverside Drive / Crows Mill Road – FordsNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
2.01–
2.05
3.23–
3.30
G.S. Parkway / US 9 / CR 656 (Smith Street) – Perth AmboyNo southbound access to GSP/US 9 north; exits 127-129 on G.S. Parkway
2.273.65Riverside Drive / Industrial Avenue – Raritan CenterSouthbound exit only
2.664.28New Brunswick Avenue (CR 616) – WoodbridgeSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
Perth Amboy3.415.49

Route 184 / Route 35 (Pfeiffer Boulevard / CR 501 west) to G.S. Parkway north – Perth Amboy
Same-direction access to Route 184;
southbound access to Route 35 north is via CR 653 exit; southern terminus of concurrency with CR 501
3.685.92Amboy Avenue (CR 653)Northbound access is via Route 184 exit
4.266.86State Street (CR 611) / High Street – Perth AmboyNorthbound exit and southbound entrance; last northbound exit before toll
Arthur Kill4.487.21Outerbridge Crossing (northbound toll on Staten Island)
5.158.29

NY 440 north to I-278 – Staten Island
Continuation into New York at river's center
Connection made via NY 440 (12.73 miles or 20.49 kilometers)
Kill van Kull18.0028.97
NY 440 south – Staten Island
Continuation from New York at river's center
18.3929.60Bayonne Bridge (southbound toll on Staten Island)
HudsonBayonne18.8330.30Avenue ASouthbound exit and entrance; last southbound exit before toll
18.9130.43Kennedy Boulevard (CR 501 north)Northern terminus of concurrency with CR 501; no southbound exit
19.7231.74East 5th StreetAt-grade intersection; northern end of freeway section
Jersey City21.9935.39



I-78 Toll / Newark Bay Extension to I-95 Toll / Pulaski Street – Newark, Holland Tunnel, Port Jersey
Exit 14A on I-78 / Turnpike
22.2235.76
Route 185 north / Linden Avenue – Liberty State Park
Interchange; southern terminus of Route 185
22.9636.95Avenue C / Garfield AvenueInterchange
North end of expressway section
26.1842.13


US 1-9 Truck / Communipaw Avenue (CR 612) to I-95 / N.J. Turnpike – Kearny, Newark, New York, North Bergen
At-grade intersection
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Route 440 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
  2. ^ "New Route Markers Go Up Next Month" (PDF). The Hackettstown Gazette. December 18, 1952. p. 17. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d Google (August 26, 2009). "Overview of New Jersey Route 440 in Middlesex County" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 26, 2009.
  4. ^ "Historic Aerials". Historic Aerials.
  5. ^ a b c d e Google (August 26, 2009). "Overview of New Jersey Route 440 in Hudson County" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 26, 2009.
  6. ^ 2007 Traffic Data Report for New York State (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. July 25, 2008. Retrieved July 17, 2009.
  7. ^ a b State of New Jersey, Laws of 1927, Chapter 319.
  8. ^ a b c "1953 renumbering". New Jersey Department of Highways. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2009.
  9. ^ 1927 New Jersey Road Map (Map). State of New Jersey. Archived from the original on March 13, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
  10. ^ Map of New Jersey (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha. Chevron Oil Company. 1969.
  11. ^ "Hudson Span Opening Called Premature; Jersey Road Engineers, Fearing Traffic Tangles, Lose Plea for Postponement". The New York Times. October 7, 1931.
  12. ^ "New Road Signs Ready in New Jersey". The New York Times. December 16, 1952. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2009.
  13. ^ a b Conte, Michaelangelo (May 17, 2001). "Route 169 Is Now Route 440". The Jersey Journal.
  14. ^ Middlesex Freeway. New Jersey State Highway Department. 1956.
  15. ^ "Edison Interchange Opens". The Central New Jersey Home News. 1970-01-13. p. 1. Retrieved 2024-01-24.
  16. ^ "Freeway Completion Still a Year Away". The Central New Jersey Home News. 1972-09-22. p. 14. Retrieved 2024-01-24.
  17. ^ "Part of Parkway link open to 287 traffic". The Central New Jersey Home News. 1973-01-18. p. 12. Retrieved 2024-01-24.
  18. ^ "Parkway's link with Route 440 opens Thursday". The Central New Jersey Home News. 1973-06-26. p. 7. Retrieved 2024-01-24.
  19. ^ "Freeway section opening Monday". The Central New Jersey Home News. 1974-02-21. p. 11. Retrieved 2024-01-24.
  20. ^ New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Route 184 straight line diagram" (PDF). Retrieved March 19, 2007.
  21. ^ State of New Jersey, Laws of 1959, Chapter 57.
  22. ^ Transportation 1985: A Regional Plan. Tri-State Transportation Commission. 1966.
  23. ^ Route 169 and Route 440, Administrative Action Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Section 4(f) Statement. Federal Highway Administration and New Jersey Department of Transportation. 1976.
  24. ^ Route 169 Land Service Road, Administrative Action Final Environmental Impact Statement and Section 4(f) Statement. Federal Highway Administration and New Jersey Department of Transportation. 1977.
  25. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named sld 2006
  26. ^ Burton, Cynthia (January 10, 2008). "Corzine's toll plan faces tough road". The Philadelphia Inquirer.
  27. ^ a b Feeney, Tom (February 10, 2008). "Corzine drops Route 440 from toll plan". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved August 26, 2009.
  28. ^ Matthau, David (May 21, 2018). "New Jersey Turnpike Exit 14A Reopens With Major Improvements". Trenton, NJ: WKXW. Retrieved December 7, 2020.
  29. ^ Muscavage, Nick (June 14, 2018). "NJ Traffic: Garden State Parkway ramp from Route 440 to be closed overnight". My Central Jersey. Retrieved December 7, 2020.
  30. ^ Jacobs Engineering Group (March 9, 2010). Route 440/Routes 1&9 Multi-Use Urban Boulevard and Through Truck Diversion Concept Development Study (PDF). Jersey City Department of Housing, Economic Development and Commerce. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 24, 2012.
  31. ^ Scope of Work (PDF). City of Jersey City, New Jersey. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 24, 2012.
  32. ^ MacDonald, Terrence (March 25, 2011). "Wittpenn Bridge and Pulaski Skyway among Hudson County road projects to receive $551 million in state funding". The Jersey Journal. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  33. ^ "Route 440/Route 1&9T Multi-Use Urban Boulevard and Through Truck Diversion Concept" (PDF). City of Jersey City, New Jersey. August 23, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 9, 2011. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
  34. ^ State of New Jersey; Laws of 1997, Joint Resolution No. 4

External links