British Columbia Highway 1

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Highway 1

Trans-Canada Highway
A map of southern British Columbia with Hwy 1 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure
Length1,047 km (651 mi)
Vancouver Island section
Length116 km (72 mi)
South endDallas Road in Victoria
Major intersections
North end Departure Bay Ferry Terminal
Mainland section
Length877 km (545 mi)
West end Horseshoe Bay Ferry Terminal
Major intersections
East endAlberta border at Kicking Horse Pass
continues as Hwy 1 (TCH)
ProvinceBritish Columbia
Highway system
Hwy 395 Hwy 1A

Highway 1 is a provincial highway in British Columbia, Canada, that carries the main route of the Trans-Canada Highway (TCH). The highway is 1,047 kilometers (651 mi) long and connects Vancouver Island, the Greater Vancouver region in the Lower Mainland, and the Interior. It is the westernmost portion of the main TCH to be numbered "Highway 1", which continues through Western Canada and extends to the ManitobaOntario boundary. The section of Highway 1 in the Lower Mainland is the second-busiest freeway in Canada, after Ontario Highway 401 in Toronto.

The highway's western terminus is in the provincial capital of Victoria, where it serves as a city street and freeway in the suburbs. Highway 1 travels north to Nanaimo and reaches the Lower Mainland at Horseshoe Bay via a BC Ferries route across the Strait of Georgia. The highway bypasses Vancouver on a freeway that travels through Burnaby, northern Surrey, and Abbotsford while following the Fraser River inland. The freeway ends in Hope, where Highway 1 turns north and later east to follow the Fraser and Thompson rivers into the Interior and through Kamloops. The highway continues east across the Columbia Mountains, serving three national parks: Mount Revelstoke, Glacier, and Yoho. Highway 1 enters Alberta at Kicking Horse Pass near Banff National Park.

Highway 1 was preceded by several overland trails and wagon roads established in the mid-to-late 19th century, including the Old Yale Road in the Fraser Valley, the Cariboo Road, and the Big Bend Highway. The provincial government designated Highway 1 in 1941 on a portion of the Island Highway between Victoria and Kelsey Bay as well as the Vancouver–Banff highway. It was incorporated into the national Trans-Canada Highway program, which was established in 1949 and completed in 1962. Other sections of the highway were realigned in later years, including a new freeway in the Lower Mainland that opened in the 1960s and 1970s and was numbered Highway 401.

Vancouver Island section

The beginning of Hwy 1 at the Mile Zero monument in Victoria

The western terminus of Highway 1 and the 7,821-kilometer (4,860 mi) main route of the Trans-Canada Highway is at Dallas Road on the southern coast of Victoria, which faces the Strait of Juan de Fuca.[1] The terminus is marked by the Mile Zero Monument, a wooden sign at the foot of Beacon Hill Park, with a nearby statue of runner Terry Fox to commemorate his cross-country marathon that was planned to end at the monument.[2][3] The highway travels north on Douglas Street and forms the boundary between the residential James Bay neighbourhood to the west and Beacon Hill Park to the east. At the northwest edge of the park, Blanshard Street from the street to run a block east, staying parallel to Douglas Street.[4] Highway 1 passes the Royal BC Museum and intersects Belleville Street, a short connector that carries a section of Highway 17 from the Black Ball Ferries terminal (which is used by the MV Coho to Port Angeles, Washington) and passes the British Columbia Parliament Buildings.[1][5]

The highway travels through Downtown Victoria and passes several city landmarks, including the Fairmont Empress Hotel, the Bay Centre, Chinatown, and Save-On-Foods Memorial Centre.[6] It follows Douglas Street, a six-lane urban thoroughfare with bus lanes during peak periods, and continues north into the suburban municipality of Saanich.[7][8] Near the Uptown shopping centre, Highway 1 turns west and becomes a limited-access road that travels alongside the Galloping Goose Regional Trail through residential areas and along the north side of Portage Inlet. The highway becomes a full freeway with four-to-six lanes as it enters the town of View Royal and travels around the north side of Mill Hill Regional Park. It then intersects Highway 14 in Langford and reverts to a limited-access road with a median divider.[9][10] Highway 1 (part of the Island Highway) then travels around Bear Mountain and turns north to follow the Goldstream River into Goldstream Provincial Park, where it meets several trailheads.[4][11]

The Island Highway continues along the west side of the Saanich Inlet and enters the Cowichan Valley Regional District near Malahat. It descends from Malahat Summit, located at 352 meters (1,155 ft) above sea level, on a highway with passing lanes and a median barrier added in the late 2010s in response to a high rate of collisions.[12] The section also has occasional closures with no road detour, relying on the limited-capacity Mill Bay Ferry as the sole remaining connection between Greater Victoria and other Vancouver Island communities.[13] Highway 1 passes the Malahat SkyWalk, an observation built by the Malahat First Nation,[14] and through farmland surrounding Mill Bay. The highway travels around central Duncan and through Ladysmith as it continues north as a divided highway with limited access at signalized intersections.[4] In southern Nanaimo, it has a short concurrency with Highway 19, which continues east to the Duke Point ferry terminal and northwest along the Strait of Georgia. Highway 1 travels through central Nanaimo on Nicol Street and Stewart Avenue to the Departure Bay ferry terminal, where the Vancouver Island section ends.[1] BC Ferries operates an automobile ferry service from Departure Bay to Horseshoe Bay that carries Highway 1 to the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia. A typical vessel assigned to the route can carry 1,460 to 1,571 passengers and 310 to 322 vehicles.[15]


The Vancouver Island section of Highway 1 was designated in the initial numbering scheme announced by the provincial government in March 1940, along with Highway 1A.[16] It originally connected Victoria to Kelsey Bay, a small coastal community north of Campbell River. The Vancouver Island section was truncated to downtown Nanaimo in 1953, with the section north of Nanaimo being re-numbered to Highway 19. When BC Ferries took over the ferry route between Departure Bay in Nanaimo and Horseshoe Bay in West Vancouver in 1961, Highway 1 was extended to the Departure Bay ferry dock.

The Malahat Highway was completed in 1911 as a gravel road with a single lane and was later upgraded to two paved lanes.[17] A bridge across the Finlayson Arm to bypass the section was among 19 options studied in 2007, but were discarded in favor of other solutions that would cost less.[18][19] In 2019, the provincial government studied the construction of a permanent detour for the Goldstream–Malahat section of Highway 1 and identified several potential routes, but instead decided to move forward with safety improvements to the existing highway.[20] The section was severely damaged by several floods in November 2021, which closed the road for several days and required $15 million in repairs the following year.[21]

Lower Mainland section

Highway 1 through Metro Vancouver and the Fraser Valley, highlighted in red.
Ferry traffic on Highway 1 at the Horseshoe Bay Ferry Terminal.
Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing
Highway 1 as it enters Vancouver from Burnaby.

Route details

Sections of Highway 1 from Grandview Highway in Vancouver to 216 Street in Langley vary from being 3 to 4 lanes in each direction, with one of these lanes being a high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lane. These HOV lanes were constructed in 1998 as part of the BC MOT's "Go Green" project to promote the use of HOV vehicles, and cost $62 million.[22] The highway shortens to two lanes per direction after leaving Langley (Metro Vancouver), and enters Abbotsford (Fraser Valley).


North Shore

The Upper Levels Highway opened between Horseshoe Bay and Taylor Way in West Vancouver on September 14, 1957, replacing a section of Marine Drive that had carried Highway 1.[23][24] Construction on a new, high-level Second Narrows Bridge began two months later and was planned to be incorporated into the Trans-Canada Highway upon completion.[25][26] On June 17, 1958, several spans of the unfinished bridge collapsed during work on the main arch; 18 workers died and one diver also died during a later search at the site.[27] The Second Narrows Bridge was dedicated to the accident's victims and opened to traffic on August 25, 1960; it cost $23 million to construct and was the second-longest bridge in Canada at the time of its completion.[28] The Upper Levels Highway was extended 9.3 kilometers (5.76 mi) east to the Second Narrows Bridge on March 4, 1961; the limited-access highway across North Vancouver cost $50 million to construct.[29][30]

Vancouver to Chilliwack

Prior to the opening of the freeway (and prior to the 1980s and 1990s, expressway) segments of the present Trans-Canada, traffic used the Pattullo Bridge, Kingsway, and Fraser Highway as the Trans-Canada Highway. These roads were a part of the Highway 1 from its designation in 1940[31][32] until the redesignation of the B.C.'s 400 series highways in 1972/73.[33][34]

By 1932 a new cutoff across northern parts of the drained Sumas Lake was mostly built.[35][36] The cutoff bypassed the Yale Road which avoided the historical lake by running on its southern flank and along the base of Vedder Mountain. The highway was initially partly gravel,[37] but it was fully paved within a few years of its opening.[38]

From 1960 to 1964, the province opened several expressway and freeway segments as a part of a continuous express route between Bridal Falls and Taylor Way in West Vancouver.

On August 1, 1960, the Chilliwack Bypass was officially opened by Highways Minister Phil Gaglardi, MLA for Chillwack William Kenneth Kiernan and a six-year-old girl who cut the blue ribbon.[39] About 6.4 km (4 mi) of the road had been opened before Gaglardi officially opened the bypass.[40] Work on the bypass started on December 12, 1956, with two men clearing bushes.[41]

Around the time of opening of the Chilliwack Bypass, a bypass of Abbotsford was also being constructed.[42] That section of freeway was officially opened by Phil Gaglardi on April 19, 1962.[43][44]

On May 1, 1964, the section of Freeway between what is now north of the 1st Avenue interchange to the Cape Horn Interchange opened.[45][46] This was followed on June 12 by the opening of the Port Mann bridge, and the official opening of the freeway-expressway system from Bridal Falls to Taylor Way. A 90-year-old man and 11-year-old girl assisted Premier W.A.C. Bennett and Phil Gaglardi in opening the bridge.[47][48] At the time of the bridge's opening, various speed limits were in effect. The section from Bridal Falls to the Port Mann Bridge had a 70 mph (110 km/h) limit. Through Burnaby 65 mph (105 km/h) was the limit. Speeds dropped on approach to Cassiar Street with a 50 mph (80 km/h) limit west of Boundary Road, with a drop to 30 mph (48 km/h) for Cassiar Street.[48]

New interchanges and upgrades

Over the years, various interchanges have been built and rebuilt.

On July 31, 1969, the interchange with Lickman Road in Chilliwack opened.[49] The Prest Road overpass followed in the early 1970s.[50]

In January 1992 the Cassiar Tunnel opened. The project replaced a surface street section of Cassiar Street which was used by traffic to get from the Burnaby Freeway to the Ironworkers Memorial Bridge.[51]

Through the 2000s and 2010s multiple interchanges were upgraded and rebuilt along the highway. The Gateway program saw the rebuilding of several interchanges from Willingdon Avenue to 176 Street. Through Abbotsford the Mount Lehman/Fraser Highway, Clearbrook Road, and McCallum Road interchanges were rebuilt.[52][53][54]

On June 9, 2011, Highway 1 between 152 Street in Surrey and Highway 11 in Abbotsford was designated as the Highway of Heroes.[55]

On September 4, 2020, a new interchange with 216 Street was opened.[56]

On November 10, 2022, it was announced that major construction of a new overpass at Glover Road (which will be built first), a revised interchange with Highway 10/232 St. and widening to three lanes between 216 Street and Highway 13/264 St. had started.[57] This work is part of a plan to eventually widen the highway to Whatcom Road in Abbotsford.[58]

Interior section

Highway 1 just east of Kamloops heading westbound.

Several sections of Highway 1 between Revelstoke and the Alberta border are under the jurisdiction of Parks Canada.[59]


Starting in 2004 the highway had a massive overhaul in the Kicking Horse Canyon near Golden including a 5 km realignment.[60]

During major floods in November 2021, sections of Highway 1 between Hope and Spences Bridge were washed away into the Thompson River. Other sections of the highway on Vancouver Island and a railroad underpass near Lytton were also damaged in the same event. As a result of the floods, which also damaged other highways in the Fraser Valley, road connections from Metro Vancouver to the rest of Canada were cut off.[61]


The Interior section of Highway 1 is considered sub-standard when compared to other highways with similar traffic volume in the U.S. or other parts of Canada. The majority of the route is a dangerous, undivided two-lane highway with sharp corners, prone to frequent closures and accidents.[62] To address this, the Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure has undertaken an effort to twin the highway to four-lane 100 km/h standards between Kamloops and Alberta, with a targeted completion date of 2050. Several stretches of four-lane divided highway, including the Monte Creek to Pritchard section; the four-lane portions of the Kicking Horse Canyon, the 13 km-long passing lanes near Blind Bay, and many smaller four-lane divided fragments typically 2–4 km in length, are the results of this effort. As of 2020, about 25 percent of the highway between Alberta and Kamloops has been upgraded to a divided four-lane cross-section. Several new projects have been funded and are expected to the constructed by 2023, including:[59]

  • A new 4.9 km-long four-lane divided section around Chase, involving the construction of an interchange at the town;
  • A new interchange and twinned highway at the West entrance of Salmon Arm;
  • A new four-lane bridge across the Shuswap River in Sicamous;
  • A new rest area and a 2 km-long four-lane section in the Illecillewaet Valley;
  • A 4.4 km-long twinning near Quartz Creek east of Golden;
  • And upgrading the remaining 4 km-long stretch of two-lane highway in the Kicking Horse Canyon.

Major intersections

Regional DistrictLocationkm[63]miExitDestinationsNotes
CapitalVictoria0.000.00Dallas RoadWestern terminus and mile zero of Trans-Canada Highway; south end of Douglas Street
1.200.75 Blanshard Street (Hwy 17) – Sidney, Airport (YYJ), FerriesNorthbound right-in/right-out; BC Ferries to Vancouver (Tsawwassen) and Gulf Islands
1.300.81 Belleville Street (Hwy 17) – FerriesBlack Ball Ferries to Port Angeles; Victoria Clipper passenger ferry to Seattle
2.101.30Johnson StreetOne-way pair; access to Johnson Street Bridge
2.201.37Pandora Avenue
3.101.93Bay Street
3.402.11Gorge Road, Hillside Avenue, Government StreetFormer Hwy 1A north
VictoriaSaanich line4.502.80Tolmie Avenue; north end of City of Victoria jurisdiction
Saanich5.103.17Saanich Road, Boleskine RoadNorth end of Douglas Street
6.444.00Tillicum RoadAt-grade intersection, signalized; south end of freeway
6.794.22Burnside Road, Interurban RoadSouthbound exit only
7.524.676 McKenzie Avenue (Admirals Road east) to Hwy 17 – Sidney, Airport, FerriesMcKenzie Avenue Interchange [64]
View Royal9.595.968Helmcken RoadHelmcken Road Interchange
11.307.0210Colwood (Island Highway, Burnside Road)Colwood Interchange
Northbound exit and southbound entrance; former Hwy 1A south
12.247.6111Colwood (Six Mile Road)Thetis Interchange
Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Langford15.299.5014 Hwy 14 west (Veterans Memorial Parkway) / Millstream Road – Highlands, Sooke, Port RenfrewMillstream Road Interchange
15.949.9015McCallum RoadNorthbound exit only
16.7710.4216Leigh Road/Bear Mountain ParkwayBear Mountain Interchange
18.2911.36Westshore ParkwayAt-grade, signalized; north end of freeway
Cowichan Valley37.8823.54  Mill Bay Road – Ferry, Brentwood BayBamberton Interchange
40.9525.45Butterfield Road
Mill Bay42.6826.52Frayne Road
43.9327.30 Deloume Road (Hwy 962:2401 east) – Brentwood Ferry
44.4727.63Shawnigan / Mill Bay Road – Shawnigan Lake
45.3128.15Cobble Hill Road, Kilmalu Road
48.1729.93Hutchinson Road – Cobble Hill, Arbutus Ridge
49.5530.79Fisher Road
51.3631.91Cobble Hill Road, Cowichan Bay Road – Cobble Hill, Cowichan Bay
55.2434.32Koksilah Road
57.3135.61Bench Road
59.1936.78Wilson Road, Cowichan Bay Road – Cowichan Bayno left turns onto highway. no left turn onto Wilson
Cowichan First Nation
61.0137.91Allenby Road, Chaster Road
61.5638.25Boys Road
Duncan62.3538.74Trunk Road – City Centre, Maple Bay
62.5638.87Coronation Street
North Cowichan62.9539.12James Street
63.6639.56Beverley Street
65.7440.85Drinkwater Road
67.2441.78 Hwy 18 west / Herd Road – Lake Cowichan
69.4143.13Mays Road
74.0446.01 Mount Sicker Road (Hwy 1A north) – Crofton, Saltspring IslandHwy 1A is unsigned
78.4248.73  Henry Road – Chemainus, Thetis Island, Penelakut Island
Ladysmith84.8552.72Thicke Road, Edgelow Road
88.1954.80Chemainus Road, Davis Road (Hwy 1A south)Hwy 1A is unsigned
90.2356.07Roberts Street, Transfer Beach Boulevard
91.1656.64First Avenue
Stz'uminus First Nation94.1358.49Oyster Sto-Lo Road
96.5459.99Cedar Road – Yellow Point, Cedar
NanaimoCassidy98.0260.91Timberlands RoadAt-grade intersection, signalized
98.9861.50  Spitfire Way – Airport (YCD)
101.3862.99Nanaimo River Road, Fry RoadNanaimo River Road Interchange
103.5264.32Morden Road
Nanaimo105.7565.717[a] Hwy 19 east – Duke Point ferry terminalDuke Point Interchange
South end of Hwy 19 concurrency; BC Ferries to Vancouver (Tsawwassen)
107.6966.929[b] Hwy 19 north (Nanaimo Parkway) / Cedar Road – Parksville, Campbell RiverNorth end of Hwy 19 concurrency
Partial-at grade intersection with northbound flyover to Hwy 19 north.
108.1367.19Cranberry Avenue
108.4867.4110th Street, Maki Road
112.3569.81  Front Street – Gabriola Island
113.3370.42Comox Road
113.6170.59Stewart Avenue
 Terminal Avenue to Hwy 19A north – Parksville, Campbell River
Hwy 1 branches northeast.
115.6771.87 Hwy 19A north (Brechin Road) – Parksville
Departure Bay ferry terminal
Strait of Georgia BC Ferries from Departure Bay to Horseshoe Bay
Metro VancouverWest Vancouver0.000.00 To Hwy 101 north – Gibsons, Powell RiverAccess via BC ferries; westbound access only
Horseshoe Bay ferry terminal
0.350.22Keith RoadAt-grade intersection, no westbound entrance; west end of freeway
0.610.380Marine DriveHorseshoe Bay Interchange
Eastbound exit only
1.841.142Eagleridge Drive to Marine DriveSquamish Interchange
Eastbound exit only; eastbound access to Hwy 99; westbound access via Hwy 99
2.211.373 Hwy 99 north (Sea to Sky Highway) – Squamish, WhistlerEagle Ridge Interchange
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; west end of Hwy 99 concurrency; westbound Hwy 1 uses exit 3
4.292.674Woodgreen Drive, Headland Drive
6.954.327Wentworth Avenue, Westmount Road
8.545.318Cypress Bowl RoadTo Cypress Mountain Ski Area
9.946.181022nd StreetEastbound exit only
10.596.581021st Street, Westhill DriveNo eastbound exit
11.467.121115th Street
13.158.1713 Taylor Way (Hwy 99 south) – Vancouver, AirportEast end of Hwy 99 concurrency; former Hwy 1A east; to Lions Gate Bridge and Downtown Vancouver
North Vancouver (District)14.599.0714Capilano RoadTo Grouse Mountain
15.519.6415Lloyd AvenueWestbound right-in/right-out
North Vancouver (City)16.7510.4117Westview Drive
17.9211.1318Lonsdale Avenue
North Vancouver (District)19.4012.0519Lynn Valley Road
21.3713.2821Mountain HighwaySigned as exit 22A for Hwy 1 west exiting before Lynn Creek Bridge
22.1713.7822Mount Seymour Parkway, Lillooet Road
22.8814.2223Main Street, Dollarton HighwaySigned as exits 23A (Main Street) and 23B (Dollarton Highway) from Hwy 1 west
North Vancouver (District)Vancouver line23.09–
Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing over Burrard Inlet
Vancouver25.0315.5525McGill Street
26Hastings StreetEastbound exit and westbound entrance; exits onto Cassiar Connector; former Hwy 7A
Cassiar Tunnel
26.3216.3526Hastings StreetWestbound exit and eastbound entrance; exits onto Cassiar Connector; former Hwy 7A
27.0616.81271st Avenue, Rupert Street
VancouverBurnaby line28.0217.4128Boundary RoadEastbound to southbound exit; northbound to westbound entrance
Burnaby28.4417.6728AGrandview HighwayWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
28BGrandview HighwayHOV-only interchange (left exit/entrance), westbound exit and eastbound entrance
West end of HOV lanes
29.6418.4229Willingdon Avenue
32.2620.0532Sprott StreetEastbound exit, westbound entrance
33.1120.5733Kensington Avenue, Canada WayNo access from Hwy 1 east to Kensington Avenue north
37.3823.2337Gaglardi WayTo Simon Fraser University
39.1124.3038Government StreetTransit-only interchange (left exit/entrance); westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Coquitlam40.5525.2040Brunette AvenueTo New Westminster and Pattullo Bridge
43.6827.1444 Hwy 7 (Lougheed Highway) – Burnaby, Coquitlam City CentreCape Horn Interchange
Hwy 7B east (Mary Hill Bypass) / United Boulevard – Maple RidgeEastbound exit and westbound entrance; westbound exit via Hwy 7 east
Fraser River44.89–
Port Mann Bridge
Surrey48.2629.9948152 Street – Surrey City CentreEastbound exit and westbound entrance; west end of Highway of Heroes
49.1830.5649156 StreetHOV-only interchange (left exit)
50.1031.1350104 Avenue, 160 Street – Surrey City CentreFormer toll centre for Port Mann Bridge
53.4733.2253 Hwy 15 south (176th Street) – USA Border
Hwy 17 west (South Fraser Perimeter Road) – Delta, Airport (YVR), Ferries
BC Ferries to Victoria (Swartz Bay) and Nanaimo (Duke Point)
56.7935.2957192 Street north to unsigned Hwy 916Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; no access to/from 192 Street south of interchange; eastbound access to the Golden Ears Bridge
Langley (Township)58.6236.4258200 Street – Langley City Centre to unsigned Hwy 916Westbound access to the Golden Ears Bridge
59.3236.8659202 StreetHOV-only interchange (left exit)[65]
62.1238.6061216 StreetTo Trinity Western University. Opened in September 2020.[65][66]
East end of HOV lanes
65.7340.8466 232 Street (Hwy 10 west) – Langley (city), Fort Langley
73.2545.5273 264 Street (Hwy 13 south) – Aldergrove, USA Border
Fraser ValleyAbbotsford82.8951.5183 Fraser Highway, Mount Lehman Road – Airport (YXX)Former Hwy 1A west
86.6553.8487Clearbrook Road
90.2156.0590McCallum Road
92.9657.7692 Hwy 11 (Sumas Way) – Mission, USA BorderClosest the Trans-Canada Highway gets to the US border in Western Canada;[citation needed] east end of Highway of Heroes
95.5159.3595Whatcom Road
98.9861.5099South Parallel RoadEastbound only
104.5264.95104No 3 Road – Yarrow, Cultus Lake
Chilliwack110.1668.45109Yale Road West
116.0572.11116Lickman Road
118.1973.44118Evans RoadEastbound exit, westbound entrance
119.3674.17119Vedder RoadSardis Interchange; former Hwy 1A east
120.5374.89120Young RoadWestbound exit, eastbound entrance
122.7976.30123Prest Road
129.2180.29129Annis Road
135.2984.07135 Hwy 9 north – Agassiz, Harrison Hot Springs
138.0785.79138Popkum Road – Popkum, Bridal Falls
146.3590.94146Herrling Island
151.5494.16151Peters Road
153.7295.52153Laidlaw Road – Jones Lake
Hope160.0999.48160Hunter Creek Road, St. Elmo Road
164.76102.38165Flood-Hope Road – Hope Business Route
167.98104.38168Flood-Hope Road
170.36105.86170 Hwy 3 east (Crowsnest Highway) – Princeton, Penticton, Osoyoos
Hwy 5 north (Coquihalla Highway) – Merritt, Kelowna, Kamloops
Hwy 1 exits freeway and branches north; exit numbers continue along Hwy 5; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
171.05106.29Old Hope-Princeton Way (Hwy 915:1300 east)Hwy 915:1300 is unsigned; westbound (southbound) access to Hwy 3 / Hwy 5
172.87107.42Water Avenue Bridge across the Fraser River
174.26108.28 Hwy 7 west (Lougheed Highway) – Mission, Maple RidgeHaig interchange
196.72122.24Yale Tunnel
200.70124.71Saddle Rock Tunnel
206.96128.60Sailor Bar Tunnel
214.89133.53Alexandra Bridge across the Fraser River
218.90136.02Alexandra Tunnel
223.58138.93Hell's Gate Tunnel
223.90139.13Ferrabee Tunnel
228.74142.13China Bar Tunnel
Boston Bar236.17146.75Boston Bar Station Road – North Bend
Thompson-NicolaLytton279.51173.68 Hwy 12 north – Lillooet
Spences Bridge315.11195.80 Hwy 8 east – Merritt
315.68196.15Spences New Bridge across the Thompson River
354.17220.07 Cornwall Road (Hwy 926:0901 north) to Hwy 97C – AshcroftHwy 926:0901 is unsigned
360.17223.80 Hwy 97C south – Ashcroft, Logan Lake, MerrittSouth end of Hwy 97C concurrency
Cache Creek364.35226.40 Hwy 97 north (Cariboo Highway) – Prince George
To Hwy 99 – Lillooet, Vancouver (scenic route)
Hwy 1 branches east; north end of Hwy 97C concurrency; west end of Hwy 97 concurrency
Savona400.38248.78Savona Bridge (Kamloops Lake Bridge) across the Thompson River
Kamloops436.34271.13362 Hwy 5 south (Coquihalla Highway) to Hwy 97D / Hwy 97C – Logan Lake, Merritt, Kelowna, Hope, VancouverWest end of Hwy 5 concurrency; Hwy 1 / Hwy 97 enters freeway; exit numbers continue from Hwy 5
440.57273.76366Copperhead Drive, Lac le Jeune Road
442.25274.80367Pacific Way
443.04275.29368 Hwy 5A south / Hillside Way – MerrittAberdeen Interchange
444.34276.10369Columbia Street – City CentreSagebrush Interchange
Eastbound exit, westbound entrance
444.92276.46370Summit Drive – City CentreSpringhill Interchange
Westbound exit, eastbound entrance
448.41278.63374 Hwy 5 north (Yellowhead Highway) – Sun Peaks, JasperYellowhead Interchange
East end of Hwy 5 concurrency
448.86278.91375Battle Street – City CentreValleyview Interchange
No eastbound exit; east end of freeway
450.09279.67Vicars Road
451.92280.81Oriole Road
451.73280.69Highland Road
452.47281.15River Road
453.42281.74Tanager Road
454.28282.28Grand Boulevard
457.49284.27384Kipp Road, Dallas Drive, Barnhartvale RoadInterchange
Kokanee WayO'Connor Interchange
Lafarge RoadInterchange
Hook RoadInterchange; westbound access to Hwy 97 south (U-turn)
474.41294.78399 Hwy 97 south – VernonMonte Creek Interchange
East end of Hwy 97 concurrency; no westbound exit
485.72301.81411Pritchard (Pinantan Road, Stoney Flats Road)Interchange
Chase501.68311.73Shuswap Avenue (Business route)
502.60312.30Brooke DriveInterchange under construction[67]
504.06313.21Shuswap Avenue (Business route)
Columbia-Shuswap513.21318.89Squilax-Anglemont Road (Hwy 922:0943 north) – Adams Lake, Scotch Creek, AnglemontPartially grade separated; Hwy 922:0943 is unsigned
Sorrento522.30324.54Notch Hill Road
Blind Bay528.22328.22Golf Course Drive, Cedar DriveInterchange
531.83330.46Balmoral Road, Notch Hill Road
534.04331.84Broderick Creek Frontage Road, White Creek Frontage RoadGrade separated; right-in/right-out
535.44332.71Broderick Creek Frontage Road, Carlin RoadGrade separated; eastbound right-in/right-out
535.76332.91White Lake RoadGrade separated; westbound right-in/right-out
Salmon Arm551.77342.85Salmon River Road (Hwy 922:1126 south)Interchange[68]
557.49346.4121st Street NEEastbound exit and entrance
557.92346.6811th Avenue NE (to 21st Street NE)Westbound exit and entrance
558.21346.8630th Street NE
559.84347.87 Hwy 97B south – Vernon
Sicamous586.68364.55 Hwy 97A south – Vernon
Revelstoke656.38407.86 Hwy 23 south – Galena Bay, NakuspWest end of Hwy 23 concurrency
656.93408.20Revelstoke Bridge across the Columbia River
657.39408.48Victoria Road – City Centre
657.82408.75 Hwy 23 north – Mica CreekEast end Hwy 23 concurrency
658.73409.32Meadows-in-the-Sky Parkway – Mount Revelstoke National ParkInterchange
Mount Revelstoke
National Park
Passes through Mount Revelstoke National Park
Columbia-Shuswap703.17436.93Jack MacDonald Snowshed
704.02437.46Twins Snowshed
704.78437.93Lanark Snowshed
National Park
705.41438.32West end of Glacier National Park
725.27450.66Rogers Pass – 1,330 m (4,360 ft)
729.56453.33Bench Snowshed
730.46453.89Len's Snowshed
730.96454.20Tupper #1 Snowshed
731.75454.69Tupper #2 Snowshed
732.33455.05Tupper Timber Snowshed
749.90465.97East end of Glacier National Park
Columbia-ShuswapEast end of Pacific Time Zone • West end of Mountain Time Zone
779.63484.44Donald Bridge across the Columbia River
Golden806.13500.91 Hwy 95 south – Radium Hot Springs, CranbrookTo Kicking Horse Resort ski area
807.53501.78780Golden View Road, Golden Donald Upper Road, Lafontaine RoadInterchange
818.44508.56Park Bridge across the Kicking Horse River
830.22515.87Wapta Road, Beaverfoot RoadInterchange
National Park
830.65516.14West end of Yoho National Park
Field860.09534.44Field Access Road
873.42542.72Lake O'Hara RoadFormer Hwy 1A
877.29545.12Kicking Horse Pass – 1,627 m (5,338 ft)
Hwy 1 (TCH) east – Banff, CalgaryContinental Divide; continues into Alberta and Banff National Park
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
  1. ^ BC 19 exit number; southbound only
  2. ^ BC 19 exit number; northbound only
  3. ^ a b c Eastbound exit number
  4. ^ a b c Westbound exit number

==See also==* List of British Columbia provincial highways


  1. ^ a b c "Official Numbered Routes in British Columbia". British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  2. ^ Hawthorn, Tom (July 12, 2006). "The beginning—or end—of epic treks". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  3. ^ Donohue, Ken (September 26, 2022). "A nostalgic capital city drive". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  4. ^ a b c Google (December 6, 2022). "Highway 1 (Trans-Canada Highway)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  5. ^ Frause, Sue (November 22, 2012). "The MV Coho: A low-budget response to winter tropics cravings". Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  6. ^ City of Victoria Address Map (PDF) (Map). City of Victoria. April 2022. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  7. ^ Paterson, Travis (March 5, 2019). "Bikes welcome in Douglas Street bus lane until it hits Saanich border". Saanich News. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  8. ^ Capital Regional District Administrative Boundaries (PDF) (Map). 1:366,355. Capital Regional District. January 2017. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  9. ^ CRD Regional Map (Interactive map with satellite imagery). Capital Regional District. 2015. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  10. ^ Chan, Adam (November 5, 2020). "New highway lane opens near Langford". CTV News Vancouver Island. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  11. ^ Goldstream Provincial Park (PDF) (Map). BC Parks. January 28, 2021. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  12. ^ "New barriers, extra lanes for deadly Malahat highway". CBC News. July 29, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  13. ^ Parsons (November 2019). "Highway 1 – Malahat Segment Detour Route Planning" (PDF). British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. p. 2. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  14. ^ Bell, Jeff (July 15, 2021). "Natural high: Skywalk opens on the Malahat". Times Colonist. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  15. ^ "Coast Ferry Services Contract Performance Term Five Agreement, Schedule 2: Route Overview" (PDF). British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. July 2, 2019. pp. 11–12. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  16. ^ "Island Highway On No. 1 Route". Victoria Daily Times. March 29, 1940. p. 2. Retrieved December 6, 2022 – via
  17. ^ "Island highway improvements coming". CBC News. March 29, 2012. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  18. ^ Knox, Jack (September 1, 2015). "Jack Knox: Waiting for Big Fix for Malahat? Don't hold your breath". Times Colonist. Retrieved December 10, 2022.
  19. ^ "Trans-Canada Highway 1 – Malahat Corridor Study Final Report" (PDF). British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. July 2007. pp. 4, 8. Retrieved December 10, 2022.
  20. ^ Ballard, Joel (December 16, 2019). "B.C. government backs down on vow to find alternative detour for Malahat highway". CBC News. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  21. ^ Harnett, Cindy E. (May 26, 2022). "Malahat repairs to begin this summer; $15M contract awarded to Nanaimo company". Times Colonist. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
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  23. ^ "Bang-Up Debut for Upper Levels Road". The Vancouver Sun. September 16, 1957. p. 3. Retrieved December 5, 2022 – via
  24. ^ Blunden, Denis (September 12, 1957). "Dangerous Beauty On 'Upper Levels'". The Vancouver Sun. p. 18. Retrieved December 5, 2022 – via
  25. ^ "16 die, two missing, 20 injured in Vancouver's worst disaster". The Province. June 18, 1958. pp. 1, 32. Retrieved December 5, 2022 – via
  26. ^ "Highway finance big B.C. question". The Province. December 15, 1959. p. 1. Retrieved December 5, 2022 – via
  27. ^ Chan, Cheryl (June 17, 2018). "'It's a memory I can't forget': 60th anniversary of the Second Narrows Bridge collapse". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  28. ^ "New bridge open amid subdued air". The Province. August 26, 1960. p. 1. Retrieved December 5, 2022 – via
  29. ^ "Upper Levels invitation arrives for Walker—too late". The Province. March 2, 1961. p. 15. Retrieved December 5, 2022 – via
  30. ^ Bennett, Wilf (March 6, 1961). "And the band was so silent". The Province. p. 3. Retrieved December 5, 2022 – via
  31. ^ "Island Highway on No, 1 Route". Victoria Daily Times. March 29, 1940. p. 2. ProQuest 2257539072.
  32. ^ H.M. Gousha Company, Shell Corporation (1948). Shell Map of British Columbia and Western Canada (Map). Shell Maps. Cartography by H.M. Gousha. Shell Corporation. § Vancouver and Vancouver Island Inset.
  33. ^ British Columbia Department of Highways (November 22, 1972). General Circular G22/72. Victoria: Ministry of Transportation and Highways.
  34. ^ "400 Series To Be Redesignated". Vancouver Sun. December 22, 1972. p. 25. ProQuest 2261507267.
  35. ^ British Columbia Ministry of Public Works (1932). Report of the Minister of Public Works for the Fiscal Year 1930/31 (Report). Victoria: Government of British Columbia. p. 15 (M11). doi:10.14288/1.0300610. J110.L5 S7; 1932_V01_08_G1_G150. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  36. ^ British Columbia Ministry of Public Works (1933). Report of the Minister of Public Works for the Fiscal Year 1931/32 (Report). Victoria: Government of British Columbia. pp. 8 (M8), 10 (M10). doi:10.14288/1.0305081. J110.L5 S7; 1933_13_M1_M138. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  37. ^ Staff Writer (June 16, 1932). "Oiled Highways and Holidays". Chilliwack Progress. p. 4. Retrieved December 5, 2022 – via
  38. ^ Staff Writer (December 31, 1935). "Review of 1935". Chilliwack Progress. p. 7 – via
  39. ^ Staff Writer (August 2, 1960). "Six-Year-Old Gwen Cuts the Ribbon for $8 M Bypass". Chilliwack Progress. p. 1. Retrieved December 5, 2022 – via
  40. ^ Staff Writer (July 22, 1960). "Gaglardi Plans August 1 Bypass Opening". Chilliwack Progress. p. 1. Retrieved December 5, 2022 – via
  41. ^ Staff Writer (July 29, 1960). "Opening of $8,000,000 Bypass - Over Four Years to Build Nineteen Mile Highway". Chilliwack Progress. p. 3. Retrieved December 5, 2022 – via
  42. ^ Staff Writer (August 23, 1960). "Abbotsford Bypass Being Surfaced". Chilliwack Progress. p. 1. Retrieved December 5, 2022 – via
  43. ^ "Gaglardi Knows Where But Not When". Vancouver Sun. April 21, 1962. p. 8. ProQuest 2240721018.
  44. ^ Staff Writer (April 18, 1962). "Bypass Opening Tomorrow". Chilliwack Progress. p. 1. Retrieved December 5, 2022 – via
  45. ^ "(Notice) The Burnaby Section of the Trans Friday May 1 - 3PM-Canada Highway Opens". The Vancouver Sun. April 30, 1964. ProQuest 2240597277.
  46. ^ "New Road Fun, But Not for Some - Celebration, Deflation on Freeway". Vancouver Sun. May 2, 1964. p. 1. ProQuest 224063765.
  47. ^ Ablett, Dave (June 13, 1964). "Phil's Caeser of Bridges, Cec Is Croesus of Credit". Vancouver Sun. p. 3. ProQuest 2240411512.
  48. ^ a b Hazlitt, Tom; Bennett, Wilf (June 13, 1964). "It's 70 MPH, With Reservations - Freeway Jammed at Opening, Drivers Shy of Gaglardi's Limit". The Province. p. 1. ProQuest 2379721251.
  49. ^ Staff Writer (August 6, 1969). "Lickman Road Overpass Opened "First Step in Program" - Black". Chilliwack Progress. p. 21. Retrieved December 5, 2022 – via
  50. ^ Staff Writer (September 13, 1972). "Third Crossing Ready.... At Chilliwack?". Chilliwack Progress. p. 23. Retrieved December 5, 2022 – via
  51. ^ Sarti, Robert (January 10, 1992). "The Missing Link". The Vancouver Sun. p. 17 (B1). ProQuest 2242203508.
  52. ^ McElhanney. "Mount Lehman Interchange". McElhanney. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  53. ^ "McCallum Interchange". City of Abbotsford. Archived from the original on November 28, 2011. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  54. ^ "Clearbrook Interchange". City of Abbotsford. Archived from the original on August 26, 2011. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  55. ^ TranBC (June 9, 2011). "Highway of Heroes". Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. Government of British Columbia. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  56. ^ British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastrucutre. "Highway 1 and 216th Interchange Project". British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  57. ^ Government of British Columbia (November 10, 2022). "Highway 1 expansion begins with replacing Glover Road crossing". Government of British Columbia. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  58. ^ British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastrucutre (September 12, 2019). "Fraser Valley Highway 1 Corridor Improvement Program". Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  59. ^ a b "Highway 1 – Kamloops to Alberta – Four Laning". British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. September 12, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  60. ^ "Previous Phases". Kicking Horse Canyon Project. Archived from the original on January 17, 2021. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  61. ^ "Coquihalla Highway and sections of Hwy 1 closed due to major flood damage". CBC News. November 15, 2021. Retrieved November 19, 2021.
  62. ^ "Four Laning BC Highway 1: Your Questions Answered". TranBC. British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. July 21, 2021. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
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  64. ^ Trans-Canada traffic free-flowing at McKenzie interchange
  65. ^ a b "Highway 1 and 216th Interchange Project". Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. Province of British Columbia. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
  66. ^ New 216th Street-freeway interchange opens
  67. ^ "Highway 1 - Chase West to Chase Creek Bridge - Province of British Columbia". Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. Province of British Columbia. Retrieved October 18, 2021.
  68. ^ "Highway 1 - Salmon Arm West". Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. Province of British Columbia. Retrieved October 18, 2021.

External links

Media related to British Columbia Highway 1 at Wikimedia Commons