U.S. Route 2 in Vermont

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U.S. Route 2

Theodore Roosevelt Highway[1]
US 2 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NYSDOT and VTrans
Length150.518 mi[2] (242.235 km)
US 2 continues west into New York for 0.87 mi (1.40 km)[3]
Major junctions
West end US 11 in Rouses Point, NY
Major intersections
East end US 2 at the VT-NH state line near Guildhall
CountryUnited States
CountiesGrand Isle, Chittenden, Washington, Caledonia, Essex
Highway system
VT F-10A VT 3
VT 116VT 116A VT 117
VT 346VT F-1 VT F-2

U.S. Route 2 (US 2) is a part of the United States Numbered Highway System that is split into two segments. Its eastern segment runs from Rouses Point, New York, to Houlton, Maine. In Vermont, US 2 extends 150.518 miles (242.235 km) from the New York state line in Alburgh to the New Hampshire state line in Guildhall. West of Vermont, US 2 continues into New York for another 0.87 miles (1.40 km) to an intersection with US 11 in Rouses Point. US 2 passes through the cities of Burlington and Montpelier as it traverses the state. The Burlington to Montpelier route was first laid out as a toll road in the early 19th century. It was later incorporated into the transcontinental auto trail known as the Theodore Roosevelt International Highway in 1919 before being designated as part of US 2 in 1926.

Although the portion of the road from Alburgh to Burlington follows a north–south alignment, US 2 is continuously signed east (heading south during this portion) and west (heading north) to match its overall alignment, making it the longest east–west signed route in the state. At a nearly 460-mile (740 km) overall length, US 2 is also the longest highway of any designation (Interstate, U.S. Route, or state highway) that enters the state of Vermont.

Route description

US 2 in Vermont

The eastern segment of US 2 begins in New York at an intersection with US 11 just one mile (1.6 km) south of the Canadian border in Rouses Point. From there, it crosses Lake Champlain into Grand Isle County, traversing the length of the county and crossing Lake Champlain over several bridges until it reaches the mainland in Milton and Chittenden County. From there, it travels south to Burlington, where it begins to closely parallel Interstate 89 (I-89) and the Winooski River all the way to Montpelier and Washington County. In Montpelier, the main route bypasses the downtown area using Memorial Drive, while a business loop using State Street serves downtown. After leaving Montpelier, the road turns northeastward, crossing into Caledonia County and passing through St. Johnsbury. It then passes into rural Essex County and eventually crosses the Connecticut River from Guildhall into Lancaster, New Hampshire.


An improved road between the main settlements of Burlington and Montpelier was first established from old footpaths in 1805, when the 36-mile (58 km) Winooski Turnpike was chartered by the state of Vermont. The old turnpike road utilized the relatively flat banks of the Winooski River to connect the two major towns and opened to traffic several years after the company was chartered. The road ceased operating as a toll road several decades later in 1852, when the road became publicly owned.[5] The route of the old Winooski Turnpike between Burlington and Montpelier was later incorporated into the old Theodore Roosevelt International Highway. This cross-country auto trail, named in honor of recently deceased ex-president and naturalist Theodore Roosevelt, was organized in February 1919 to connect Portland, Maine, with Portland, Oregon.[6] Within Vermont, the auto trail used what is now US 2 from Vermont Route 129 (VT 129) south of Alburgh center to VT 18 east of St. Johnsbury center.[7]

Before being designated as US 2, the current alignment was part of several interstate routes of the 1922 New England road marking system. From Danville eastward to the state line, the US 2 alignment was part of Route 15; it was part of Route 18 between Montpelier and Danville; it used Route 14 between Burlington and Montpelier; and it used Route 30 between Alburgh and Burlington.[8] When the plans for the U.S. Highway System were first drawn up in 1925, US 2 began in Alburgh and was routed along the Roosevelt Highway from Alburgh to Montpelier. Both US 2 and the Roosevelt Highway connected Montpelier to St. Johnsbury; however, the Roosevelt Highway used a direct path along former Route 18 while US 2 was initially assigned to then-Route 25 (modern US 302) to Wells River, where it overlapped proposed US 5 north to St. Johnsbury. From St. Johnsbury, the Roosevelt Highway turned southeast toward Portland along modern VT 18 while US 2 continued east along former Route 15 to Bangor.[9] No changes were made to US 2 in the final system plan approved on November 11, 1926.[4] US 2 was relocated onto its modern alignment along the original Roosevelt Highway route between Montpelier and St. Johnsbury in the mid-1930s. The original alignment of US 2 became part of the newly designated US 302.[10][11]

Initially, Rouses Point, New York, and Alburgh were connected by way of a ferry across the Richelieu River. The ferry ran from the center of Rouses Point to Vermont's Windmill Point, where it connected to VT F-1, an east–west route linking Windmill Point to Alburgh.[12] When US 2 was assigned, it was overlaid on the preexisting VT F-1, following the route and the ferry to the New York state line, where US 2 initially ended.[13] In 1937, a new tolled swing bridge across the Richelieu River opened, carrying an extended US 2 between US 11 in Rouses Point and Alburgh. The swing bridge was replaced with a toll-free permanent bridge on September 22, 1987.[14]

Major intersections

The short continuation of US 2 into New York is included below.

New YorkClintonRouses Point0.000.00

US 11 to NY 9B / I-87 / A-15 – Rouses Point, Canada, Montreal
Western terminus of US 2; serves Rouses Point station
Lake Champlain0.87
Korean Veterans Memorial Bridge[1]
(New York–Vermont state line)
VermontGrand IsleAlburgh3.1525.073
VT 225 north – Noyan, QC
Southern terminus of VT 225
VT 78 east – Swanton
Western terminus of VT 78
VT 129 west – Isle Lamotte
Eastern terminus of VT 129
Grand Isle25.60941.214
VT 314 south – Grand Isle Station, NY State via Ferry
Northern terminus of VT 314
South Hero28.50445.873
VT 314 north – Lake Champlain Islands, NY State via Ferry
Southern terminus of VT 314
I-89 – Winooski, Burlington, Georgia, St. Albans, MontrealExit 17 on I-89
US 7 north – Milton
Western end of concurrency with US 7
VT 2A south – Essex Junction
Northern terminus of VT 2A

To VT 2A south – Essex Junction
Unsigned VT 127
VT 127 south (Blakely Road)
Northern terminus of VT 127
I-89 – St. Albans, Champlain Islands, BurlingtonExit 16 on I-89

VT 15 east (East Allen Street) to I-89 south – Essex Junction
Western terminus of VT 15; Roundabout

US 7 Alt. south (Riverside Avenue at Hyde Street)
Northern terminus of US 7 Alt.
US 7 south (South Willard Street) – Shelburne
Eastern end of concurrency with US 7
South Burlington49.619–
I-89 – Montpelier, Winooski, St. AlbansExit 14 on I-89
VT 116 south (Hinesburg Road)
Northern terminus of VT 116
Williston53.77786.546 VT 2A – Essex Junction, Hinesburg
VT 117 west – Essex Junction
Eastern terminus of VT 117
I-89 – Burlington, Waterbury, MontpelierExit 11 on I-89

VT 100 north to I-89 – Stowe, Morrisville
Western end of concurrency with VT 100
VT 100 south – Waitsfield, Warren
Eastern end of concurrency with VT 100
VT 100B south – Moretown, Waitsfield, Warren
Northern terminus of VT 100B
US 2 Bus. (State Street)
Western terminus of US 2 Bus.
Montpelier State Highway (Memorial Drive) to I-89 – Burlington, White River Junction
Exit 8 on I-89
US 2 Bus. / VT 12 – Worcester, Northfield
Eastern terminus of US 2 Bus.
US 302 east
Western terminus of US 302; roundabout
East Montpelier92.781149.317
VT 14 south – Barre
Western end of concurrency with VT 14
VT 14 north – North Montpelier, Hardwick
Eastern end of concurrency with VT 14
VT 214 north – North Montpelier
Southern terminus of VT 214
VT 215 north – Lower Cabot, Cabot
Southern terminus of VT 215
VT 232 south – Groton
Northern terminus of VT 232
CaledoniaDanville112.554181.138 VT 15 – Walden, HardwickEastern terminus of VT 15
VT 2B east
Western terminus of VT 2B
St. Johnsbury121.625–

I-91 / US 2 Truck – White River Junction, Newport
Exit 21 on I-91
VT 2B west
Eastern terminus of VT 2B
US 5 south (Railroad Street)
Western end of concurrency with US 5
US 5 north (Railroad Street)
Eastern end of concurrency with US 5

VT 18 south to I-91 / I-93 – Waterford, Littleton NH
Northern terminus of VT 18
VT 102 north – Guildhall, Bloomfield
Southern terminus of VT 102
US 2 east – Lancaster, Bangor ME
Continuation into New Hampshire
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Suffixed routes

Vermont Route 2A

Vermont Route 2A

LocationSt. GeorgeColchester
Length13.853 mi[2] (22.294 km)

Vermont Route 2A (VT 2A) is a largely 13.853-mile (22.294 km) alternate route of US 2 between St. George and Colchester. It begins at VT 116 in St. George and continues north and west through Williston and Essex Junction before ending at US 2 and US 7 in Colchester.[2] Much of the portion of VT 2A that runs through Williston has been expanded from two to four lanes, particularly the stretch between US 2 and I-89, to accommodate the many restaurants, offices, and stores that have been developed there.

Major intersections

The entire route is in Chittenden County.

St. George0.0000.000 VT 116 – Hinesburg, Bristol, South Burlington
I-89 – Montpelier, BurlingtonExit 12 on I-89
5.7039.178 US 2 – Burlington International Airport, South Burlington, Williston
Essex Junction8.59113.826
VT 15 (Pearl Street / Main Street) / VT 117 east (Maple Street) – Five Corners, Winooski
Western terminus of VT 117
8.74014.066 Central Street – Essex Junction station
VT 289 east – Essex

Susie Wilson Road to VT 15 west
Exit 7 on VT 289; current western terminus of VT 289

To US 2 east / US 7 south (to VT 127) – Malletts Bay, Winooski, Burlington
Unsigned portion of VT 127

US 2 west / US 7 north – Colchester, Milton
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Vermont Route 2B

Vermont Route 2B

LocationDanvilleSt. Johnsbury
Length3.459 mi[2] (5.567 km)

Vermont Route 2B (VT 2B) is an alternate route of US 2 between Danville and St. Johnsbury. The route begins across the street from the intersection of US 2 and Jamieson Road in Danville, first running south, then curving east at Parker Road, which began west of there at US 2 near a local restaurant. The rest of the road runs through rural Caledonia County and crosses a bridge over I-91 with no access, just south of exit 21 before finally terminating at US 2 in St. Johnsbury.

See also


  1. ^ a b State of Vermont Board of Libraries (April 28, 2008). "Vermont Named State Highways and Bridges" (PDF). Department of Libraries, State of Vermont. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Traffic Research Unit (May 2013). "2012 (Route Log) AADTs for State Highways" (PDF). Policy, Planning and Intermodal Development Division, Vermont Agency of Transportation. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  3. ^ a b "2014 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. July 22, 2015. p. 80. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  4. ^ a b Bureau of Public Roads & American Association of State Highway Officials (November 11, 1926). United States System of Highways Adopted for Uniform Marking by the American Association of State Highway Officials (Map). 1:7,000,000. Washington, DC: United States Geological Survey. OCLC 32889555. Retrieved November 7, 2013 – via Wikimedia Commons.
  5. ^ Wood, F.J. (1919). The Turnpikes of New England. Boston: Marshall Jones Company. Retrieved July 20, 2010.
  6. ^ Skidmore, Max J. (2006). Moose Crossing: Portland to Portland on the Theodore Roosevelt International Highway. Hamilton Books. ISBN 0-7618-3510-5.
  7. ^ United States Touring Map (Map). Automobile Club of America. 1924. Retrieved July 20, 2010.
  8. ^ Automobile Blue Book (Vol. 1), 1926 and 1927 eds., (Automobile Blue Book, Inc., Boston)
  9. ^ Joint Board on Interstate Highways (1925). "Appendix VI: Descriptions of the Interstate Routes Selected, with Numbers Assigned". Report of Joint Board on Interstate Highways, October 30, 1925, Approved by the Secretary of Agriculture, November 18, 1925 (Report). Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture. p. 49. OCLC 733875457, 55123355, 71026428. Retrieved November 14, 2017 – via Wikisource.
  10. ^ Texaco Road Map – New England (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Texas Oil Company. 1933.
  11. ^ Thibodeau, William A. (1938). The ALA Green Book (1938–39 ed.). Automobile Legal Association.
  12. ^ Road Map of New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Standard Oil Company of New York. 1930.
  13. ^ Weingroff, Richard (January 9, 2009). "U.S. 2: Houlton, Maine, to Everett, Washington". Highway History. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved January 18, 2010.
  14. ^ Faber, Harold (September 21, 1987). "New York and Vermont Get New Toll-Free Bridge". The New York Times. p. B2. Retrieved January 18, 2010.

External links

U.S. Route 2
Previous state:
New York and Vermont Next state:
New Hampshire