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Exit A, the southbound-only exit to the Midtown and Downbeach districts

The Atlantic City–Brigantine Connector is a connector freeway in Atlantic City, New Jersey, United States. It is a 2.37-mile (3.81 km) extension of the Atlantic City Expressway, connecting it to Route 87 and Brigantine via the Marina district of Atlantic City. It is locally known as "the Tunnel" due to its tunnel underneath the Westside neighborhood. It is a state highway owned and operated by the South Jersey Transportation Authority. Proposals for a similar road date to 1964; planning began in 1995 after businessman Steve Wynn proposed a new casino in the Marina district. It was supported by Governor Christine Todd Whitman and Mayor Jim Whelan, but opposed by residents whose homes would be destroyed, and competing casino owner Donald Trump, who filed lawsuits. Its construction took almost three years and it opened in July 2001 at a total cost of $330 million. The connector serves up to 30,000 vehicles daily, and it has brought business to the casinos in the Marina district. (Full article...)

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Lake Superior as seen from Brockway Mountain Drive

Brockway Mountain Drive is an 8.9-mile (14.3 km) scenic highway just west of Copper Harbor in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Drivers can access the road from State Highway M-26 on either end near Eagle Harbor to the west or Copper Harbor to the east in the Keweenaw Peninsula. The drive runs along the ridge of Brockway Mountain on the Keweenaw Fault and climbs to 1,320 feet (402 m) above sea level, 720 feet (220 m) above the surface of Lake Superior. Several viewpoints along the route allow for panoramas of Lake Superior (pictured from the road), Copper Harbor, and undeveloped woodland. On a clear day, Isle Royale (approximately 50 miles [80 km] away) can be seen. Brockway Mountain was named for David D. Brockway, one of the pioneer residents of the area. The road was constructed by the county road commission with funding through Depression-era work programs in 1933. It was briefly used as a connection for the parallel state highway after it opened. Since it opened, it has been recognized nationally and locally in several media outlets for its picturesque qualities, usually in profiles of Keweenaw County, the Upper Peninsula or other scenic drives. (Full article...)

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SR 52 near I-15

California State Route 52 is a state highway in San Diego County, California, that extends from La Jolla Parkway at Interstate 5 (I-5) in La Jolla, San Diego, to SR 67 in Santee. A freeway for its entire length, it serves as a major east–west route through the northern part of the city of San Diego and connects the major north–south freeways of the county. SR 52 passes north of the Rose Canyon Fault before traversing Marine Corps Air Station Miramar (MCAS Miramar). East of Santo Road and west of SR 125, the highway goes through Mission Trails Regional Park, a large open preserve. Plans for a route between La Jolla and Santee date from 1959, and SR 52 was officially designated in the 1964 state highway renumbering. Construction of the freeway east of Santo Road encountered delays from environmentalists over the endangered Least Bell's Vireo, a songbird that faced habitat destruction, as well as those concerned with the destruction of homes and businesses. The extension to Mission Gorge Road opened in 1993, but funding issues delayed the completion of the entire route to Santee until 2011, more than fifty years after construction began. (Full article...)

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SR 56 west at the Carmel Creek Road interchange

State Route 56 is an east–west state highway in the U.S. state of California. It runs 9.2 miles (14.8 km) from Interstate 5 (I-5) in the Carmel Valley neighborhood of San Diego to I-15. It is named after Ted Williams, a baseball player born in San Diego. The eastern terminus of the highway meets the western end of the Ted Williams Parkway. SR 56 serves as an important connector between I-5 and I-15, being the only east–west freeway between SR 78 in north San Diego County, several miles away, and SR 52 near Marine Corps Air Station Miramar. SR 56 was added to the state highway system in 1959 as Legislative Route 278, and was renumbered SR 56 in the 1964 state highway renumbering. A plan in 1964 to connect SR 56 to the north end of SR 125 and continue east to SR 67 did not come to fruition. The eastern end from Black Mountain Road to I-15 was opened in 1993; the western end from I-5 to Carmel Creek Road was delayed until 1995 by several lawsuits. The two ends were not connected until the freeway was completed in 2004; the delay was largely due to funding issues and environmental concerns. (Full article...)

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Orange Freeway southbound leaving the Kellogg Hill Interchange

California State Route 57, also known as the Orange Freeway for most of its length, is a north–south state highway in the Greater Los Angeles Area. It connects the interchange of Interstate 5 (I-5) and SR 22 near downtown Orange, locally known as the Orange Crush, to the Glendora Curve interchange with I-210 and SR 210 in Glendora. The highway provides a route across several spurs of the Peninsular Ranges, linking the Los Angeles Basin with the Pomona Valley and San Gabriel Valley. An oiled-dirt predecessor to this road ran through Brea Canyon by the late 1910s; it was paved in concrete in 1923 and added to the state highway system in 1931. The freeway, including the Brea Canyon Freeway segment, was built in stages during the 1950s, becoming SR 57 in the 1964 state highway renumbering. The final portion of the present-day Orange Freeway was not completed until the mid 1970s. The last piece of SR 57 to be added was formerly part of I-210, after SR 210 was extended to San Bernardino in 1998. An unconstructed extension of SR 57 from Santa Ana south to Huntington Beach has been studied as a proposed toll road above the Santa Ana River. (Full article...)

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California State Route 67 north of Poway Road

State Route 67 is a state highway in San Diego County, California. It begins at Interstate 8 in El Cajon and continues to Lakeside as the San Vicente Freeway before becoming an undivided highway through the eastern part of Poway. The route ends in Ramona at SR 78 west of Julian. SR 67 provides direct access from the city of San Diego to the East County region of San Diego County. Julian was accessible from San Diego by stagecoach in 1872, and by railroad (to Foster) and stagecoach in 1896. A highway known as the Julian road was built by 1913, and was designated as Legislative Route 198 in the state highway system by 1935. This route was renumbered SR 67 in the 1964 state highway renumbering. A freeway south of Lakeside was built in the late 1960s and opened to traffic in 1970. Since then, the undivided portion of the highway north of Lakeside has become known for a high number of traffic accidents and fatalities. The California Department of Transportation has made several attempts to make the road safer. (Full article...)

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Orange Avenue in Coronado, California

State Route 75 is a 13-mile (21 km) expressway in San Diego County, California. It is a loop route of Interstate 5 that begins near Imperial Beach, heading west on Palm Avenue. The route continues north along the Silver Strand, a thin strip of land bordering San Diego Bay, through Silver Strand State Beach. SR 75 passes through the city of Coronado as Orange Avenue (pictured) and continues onto the San Diego–Coronado Bay Bridge over the bay, before joining back with Interstate 5 near downtown San Diego at a freeway interchange. Orange Avenue dates from the late 19th century, and the Silver Strand Highway was open to the public by 1924. What would become SR 75 was added to the state highway system in 1933 and designated Legislative Route 199 in 1935. SR 75 was not officially designated until the 1964 state highway renumbering. The Coronado Bay Bridge opened in 1969, providing a direct connection between San Diego and Coronado. SR 75 is marked as a scenic route for nearly its entire length. (Full article...)

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California State Route 76

State Route 76 is a state highway 52.63 miles (84.70 km) long in the U.S. state of California. It is a much-used east–west route in the North County region of San Diego County that begins in Oceanside near Interstate 5 and continues east. It passes through the community of Bonsall and provides access to Fallbrook. East of the junction with I-15, SR 76 goes through Pala and Pauma Valley before terminating at SR 79. A route along the corridor has existed since the early 20th century, as has the bridge over the San Luis Rey River near Bonsall. The route was added to the state highway system in 1933, and was officially designated by the California State Legislature as SR 76 in the 1964 state highway renumbering. Originally, the entire highway was two lanes wide. Conversion of the highway to an expressway west of I-15 was completed in May 2017. East of I-15, SR 76 is mostly a two-lane highway. Full article...

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SR 78 in Oceanside at the El Camino Real overpass

State Route 78 is a state highway in California that runs from Oceanside east to Blythe, a few miles from Arizona. Its western terminus is at Interstate 5 in San Diego County and its eastern terminus is at I-10 in Riverside County. The route is a freeway through the heavily populated cities of northern San Diego County and a two-lane highway running through the Cuyamaca Mountains to Julian. In Imperial County, it travels through the desert near the Salton Sea and passes through the city of Brawley before turning north into an area of sand dunes on the way to its terminus in Blythe. Portions of the route existed as early as 1900, and it was one of the original state highways designated in 1934. The freeway section in the North County of San Diego that connects Oceanside and Escondido was built in the middle of the 20th century in several stages, including a transitory stage known as the Vista Way Freeway, and has been improved several times. An expressway bypass of the city of Brawley was completed in 2012. There are many projects slated to improve the freeway due to increasing congestion. (Full article...)

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SR 94 and SR 54 westbound

State Route 94 is a 63.3-mile (101.9 km) highway in the U.S. state of California. The western portion, known as the Martin Luther King Jr. Freeway, begins at Interstate 5 (I-5) in downtown San Diego and continues to the end of the freeway portion past SR 125 in Spring Valley. The non-freeway segment of SR 94 that continues east through the mountains to I-8 near Boulevard is known as Campo Road. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, this section was a wagon road providing access to eastern San Diego County. The Campo road was often the only road through the Peninsular Ranges to stay open for the entire winter; other roads, at higher elevations, were closed due to snow, leading to increased traffic along this road. It was added to the state highway system in 1933, and signs for Route 94 were posted along local roads later that decade. Efforts to convert the western half of the route to a freeway got underway in the 1950s, and the freeway was complete by 1962 west of the road that became SR 125. (Full article...)

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Michigan State Capitol as seen from the Capitol Loop

The Capitol Loop is a state trunkline highway running through Lansing, Michigan, in the United States that was commissioned on October 13, 1989. It forms a loop route off Interstate 496 through downtown near the Michigan State Capitol complex, home of the state legislature and several state departments. The trunkline follows a series of one-way and two-way streets through downtown Lansing, directing traffic to the State Capitol (pictured) and other government buildings. Unlike the other streets downtown, the seven streets comprising the Capitol Loop are under state maintenance and jurisdiction. The loop was originally proposed in 1986 as part of a downtown revitalization effort. Almost from the beginning the highway was affected by various controversies. Local community leaders suggested renaming the Capitol Loop for Martin Luther King, Jr., immediately before the state designated the highway. Reconstruction projects along the loop in 2004–05 were also contentious. In 2010, additional issues surfaced regarding the posting and enforcement of speed limits on city streets in Michigan, including the streets that make up the Capitol Loop. (Full article...)

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Chickasaw Turnpike

The Chickasaw Turnpike is a short two-lane toll road in the rural south central region of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. It stretches for 13.3 miles (21.4 km) from north of Sulphur to just south of Ada, running southwest-to-northeast through Murray and Pontotoc counties. The first section opened in 1991. The Oklahoma Turnpike Authority owns, maintains, and collects tolls on most of it; a four-mile (6.4 km) segment was transferred to the Oklahoma Department of Transportation in 2011. Originally it was part of a plan to link Ada to the Interstate system and connect southern and eastern Oklahoma with a longer turnpike. It was proposed at the same time as three other turnpikes, which would become the Kilpatrick Turnpike in Oklahoma City, the Creek Turnpike in Tulsa, and the Cherokee Turnpike in eastern Oklahoma. Rural legislators objected to the Kilpatrick and Creek Turnpikes, and moved to block them unless the Chickasaw Turnpike was built. Lightly traveled, the road is used by about 2,000 vehicles per day. It is the only two-lane turnpike in Oklahoma. (Full article...)

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The Creek East toll plaza on the Creek Turnpike, Tulsa, Oklahoma

The Creek Turnpike is a 33.22-mile-long (53.46 km) freeway-standard toll road that lies entirely in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The turnpike forms a partial beltway around the south and east sides of Tulsa, Oklahoma's second largest city. The western terminus is at the Turner Turnpike in Sapulpa, while the northeastern terminus is at the Will Rogers Turnpike in Fair Oaks; both ends of the Creek Turnpike connect with Interstate 44 (I-44). Along the way, the highway passes through the cities of Sapulpa, Jenks, Tulsa, and Broken Arrow, and the counties of Creek, Tulsa, Wagoner and Rogers. The first section of the Creek Turnpike, from US-75 in Jenks to US-64/US-169 in Tulsa, was first authorized in 1987. Its construction was controversial. Homeowners along the route of the highway formed a group called Tulsans Against Turnpikes to fight the highway in both the courtroom and the media, and the highway was also challenged on environmental grounds. Nevertheless, the highway opened to traffic in the first half of 1992. Further extensions to both the east and the west followed in later years after several years of false starts under the administrations of two different governors. (Full article...)

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The Don Valley Parkway

The Don Valley Parkway is a controlled-access six-lane municipal expressway in Toronto connecting the Gardiner Expressway with Highway 401. North of Highway 401, it continues as Highway 404 to Newmarket. The parkway runs through the parklands of the Don River valley, after which it is named. It was the second expressway to be built by Metropolitan Toronto (Metro). Planning began in 1954, the year of Metro's formation. The first section opened on August 31, 1961, and the final section on November 17, 1966. The parkway operates well beyond its intended capacity of 60,000 vehicles per day and is known for daily traffic jams; some sections carry an average of 100,000 vehicles a day. Planned as part of a larger expressway network within Toronto, it was one of the few expressways built before the public opposition which cancelled many of the others. (Full article...)

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H-58 near Grand Marais

H-58 is a county-designated highway in the US state of Michigan that runs east–west 69 miles (111 km) between the communities of Munising and Deer Park in the Upper Peninsula. The western section is routed through Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, a national park on Lake Superior that was created on October 15, 1966, and through the adjacent Lake Superior State Forest in Alger County. A roadway was present along parts of today's H-58 by the late 1920s; initially, this gravel and earth county road between Munising and Kingston Corners connected with other roads to Grand Marais. In the 1930s, another segment was built to connect to Deer Park and to fill in the gap between Kingston Corners and Grand Marais. The H-58 designation was created after the county-designated highway system itself was formed in 1970. Federal legislation from the 1990s allowed the National Park Service to fund improvements to H-58 as the main access road to the park. Paving projects were completed between 2006 and 2010 along the entire length of H-58 in Alger County; the segment in Luce County is still a gravel road. (Full article...)

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Interstate 8 in San Diego

Interstate 8 (I-8) is an Interstate Highway in the southwestern United States. From the southern edge of Mission Bay in San Diego, California, it runs eastward across the Cuyamaca Mountains and the Imperial Valley. Crossing the Colorado River into Arizona, it continues through the city of Yuma across the Sonoran Desert, to the junction with I-10, between Phoenix and Tucson. The first route over the Cuyamaca Mountains was dedicated in 1912, and a plank road served as the first road across the Imperial Valley to Yuma; east of there, the Gila Trail continued east to Gila Bend. Several controversies erupted during I-8's construction process; questionable labor practices in Imperial County led to the federal conviction of mobster Jimmy Fratianno, and the Arizona government was found to have mismanaged financial resources by a U.S. House of Representatives subcommittee. The route was completed in 1975 through California, and by 1977 through Arizona, though the bridge over the Colorado River was not completed until 1978. A portion of the freeway in Imperial County had to be rebuilt following damage by the remnants of Hurricane Kathleen. (Full article...)

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Interstate 15 at Exit 18 for Cedar Pocket

Interstate 15 in Arizona is part of Interstate 15 (I-15), a transcontinental Interstate Highway from San Diego, California, to the Canadian border. The highway segment passes through Mohave County in the far northwest corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. Despite its length of 29.43 miles (47.36 km) and isolation from the rest of the state in the remote Arizona Strip, it is notable for the scenic section through the Virgin River Gorge. The highway heads in a northeasterly direction from the Nevada border northeast of Mesquite, Nevada, to the Utah border southwest of St. George, Utah. The southern portion of the routing of I-15 was built close to the alignment of the old U.S. Route 91, but the northern section through the Virgin River Gorge was built along an alignment that previously had no road. The southern section of the highway was complete and opened in the early 1960s, while the section through the gorge did not open to traffic until 1973. When it opened, the portion of I-15 through the Virgin River Gorge was the most expensive section of rural Interstate per mile. (Full article...)

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Interstate 68, eastbound, 18 miles (29 km) from Cumberland, Maryland

Interstate 68 is a 112.9-mile (181.7 km) Interstate highway in the U.S. states of West Virginia and Maryland, connecting Interstate 79 in Morgantown to Interstate 70 in Hancock, and is also part of the Appalachian Development Highway System. In Maryland, it parallels the historic National Road between Keysers Ridge and Hancock. A road cut at one of the many mountain ridges it crosses, Sideling Hill, exposes geological features that have become a tourist attraction. From 1965 until the freeway's construction was completed on August 2, 1991, its segments were designated as U.S. Route 48. It crosses Allegany, Garrett, and Washington counties in Maryland, and Preston and Monongalia counties in West Virginia. The two largest cities connected by the highway are Morgantown and Cumberland, Maryland. Although the freeway serves no major metropolitan areas, it connects western Maryland and northern West Virginia and provides an alternative to the Pennsylvania Turnpike for westbound traffic from Washington, D.C. and Baltimore. US 219, US 220 and US 40 overlap in part with I-68. (Full article...)

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I-69 near Exit 70

Interstate 69 in Michigan enters that state south of Coldwater and passes the cities of Lansing and Flint in the Lower Peninsula. I-69 is a part of the Interstate Highway System, and will eventually run from the Mexican border in Texas to the Canadian border at Port Huron, Michigan. A north–south freeway from the Indiana–Michigan border to the Lansing area, it changes direction to east–west after running concurrently with I-96. The freeway continues to Port Huron before terminating in the middle of the twin-span Blue Water Bridge while running concurrently with I-94 at the border. There are four related business loops for I-69 in the state, connecting the freeway to adjacent cities. Predecessors to I-69 include the first M-29, US Highway 27 (US 27), M-78 and M-21. The freeway was not included on the original Interstate Highway System planning maps in the mid-1950s, but it was added in 1958 along a shorter route. Michigan built segments of freeway for the future Interstate in the 1960s, and the state was granted additional Interstate mileage in 1968 to extend I-69 north and east to Flint. Later extensions in 1973 and 1987 resulted in the modern highway. The first freeway segment designated as I-69 in Michigan opened in 1967, and the last was completed in 1992, finishing Michigan's Interstate System. US 27 previously ran concurrently with I-69 from the Indiana–Michigan state line north to the Lansing area, but this designation was removed in 2002. (Full article...)

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Interstate 70 in Colorado

Interstate 70 passes through Colorado on its route between its western terminus at Cove Fort, Utah, and its eastern at Baltimore, Maryland. In western Colorado, the highway connects the metropolitan areas of Grand Junction and Denver via a route through the Rocky Mountains. Bicycles are allowed on those stretches of I-70 in the Rockies where no other through route exists. The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) lists the construction of I-70 among the engineering marvels undertaken in the Interstate Highway system. The Eisenhower Tunnel, with a maximum elevation of 11,158 feet (3,401 m) and length of 1.7 miles (2.7 km), is the longest mountain tunnel and highest point along the Interstate Highway System. The portion through Glenwood Canyon was completed on October 14, 1992, one of the final pieces of the Interstate Highway System to open to traffic, and one of the most expensive rural highways per mile built in the United States. (Full article)

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Interstate 70 routed through Spotted Wolf Canyon

Interstate 70 in Utah runs east–west for 232.15 miles (373.61 km) across the central part of the state. Richfield is the largest Utah city served by the freeway, which does not serve or connect any urban areas in the state. The highway was built as part of a connection between Los Angeles and the northeastern United States. I-70 was the second attempt to connect southern California to the east coast of the United States via central Utah, after a previous failed attempt at a transcontinental railroad that would partially serve as the guide for the route of I-70. Unlike most Interstate Highways, I-70 in Utah was not constructed parallel to or on top of an existing U.S. Highway. Portions of I-70 were constructed in areas where previously there were no paved roads. Because it was built over an entirely new route, I-70 has many features that are notably unique in the Interstate Highway System. The construction of the Utah portion of I-70 is listed as one of the engineering marvels of the Interstate Highway System. The choice of the route had a significant impact on the character and culture of the Sevier Valley. It has also been a motivating factor for environmentalists to create a new National Park along the path of the highway to protect scenic areas around the route. I-70 from Green River to Grand Junction, Colorado, is part of the Dinosaur Diamond Prehistoric Highway, making I-70 one of the few Interstate Highways to be named a National Scenic Byway. (Full article...)

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View west along I-70 in Wheeling, just after the interchange with I-470

At 14.45 miles (23.26 km), the West Virginia segment of Interstate 70 (I-70) is the shortest in any state through which I-70 passes on its way from near Cove Fort, Utah, to near Baltimore, Maryland. Part of the U.S. Interstate Highway System, it crosses the Northern Panhandle region of West Virginia through Ohio County and the city of Wheeling. The Fort Henry Bridge carries I-70 from Wheeling Island across the Ohio River and into downtown Wheeling before the freeway enters the Wheeling Tunnel. I-470, the lone auxiliary Interstate Highway in West Virginia, is intersected near Elm Grove. Before crossing into Pennsylvania, I-70 passes The Highlands, a major shopping center, and the Bear Rock Lakes Wildlife Management Area. Between 27,000 and 53,000 vehicles use the freeway daily. The I-70 designation was brought to the Northern Panhandle with the passage of the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, and a controlled-access highway was built across the panhandle, bypassing portions of the old National Road constructed in 1818 to connect Wheeling and Cumberland, Maryland. The first portions of I-70 were opened in 1963, and construction was completed across the panhandle by 1971. (Full article...)

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I-75 crossing the Mackinac Bridge

Interstate 75 in Michigan is a part of the Interstate Highway System that runs 396 miles (637 km) generally northward from Ohio to the Canadian border in Sault Ste. Marie. It passes near Lake Erie and through Detroit, Pontiac and Bay City, Michigan, crossing the Mackinac Bridge (pictured) in the Straits of Mackinac between Lake Michigan and Lake Huron. Within the state, the Interstate shares parts of its route with circle tours around four of the five Great Lakes, and spawns four auxiliary Interstates. Native American trails spanned the state along the general path of the modern freeway; after statehood, several of these were converted into plank roads that later became some of the first state highways. Interstate construction in Michigan started in 1957, signs went up in 1959, and the last section was opened on November 1, 1973. South of Michigan, Interstate 75 continues for 1,391 miles (2,239 km), terminating in Miami, Florida. (Full article...)

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I-80 Bus in West Wendover, Nevada, traveling east approaching the Utah state line

Interstate 80 Business (BL-80) is a business loop of Interstate 80 that serves as the main street for the towns of West Wendover, Nevada, and Wendover, Utah, along a roadway named Wendover Boulevard. A line painted on the street marks the Nevada–Utah border. The road, which is 2.26 miles (3.64 km) long, passes West Wendover City Hall and the Peppermill, Montego Bay Resort and Wendover Nugget casinos. A portion of the Nevada segment of BL-80 is concurrent with U.S. Route 93 Alternate, and the entire portion in Utah is coterminous with Utah State Route 58. Wendover Boulevard was completed in 1925 as part of the Victory Highway across America, and was opened by governors George H. Dern of Utah and James G. Scrugham of Nevada and the Secretary of Agriculture, William M. Jardine. In 1926, it became part of U.S. Route 40, which connected California to New Jersey via Nevada and Utah. The Nevada Department of Transportation applied to the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials for the business loop designation in the early 1980s. The designation has never been approved, despite business loop signs being posted in both states, as Utah has not submitted a request as required by the association. (Full article...)

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In western Iowa

In Iowa, Interstate 80 (I-80) enters at the Missouri River in Council Bluffs, extends east through the southern Iowa drift plain, passes around Des Moines and through Iowa City, and crosses into Illinois at the Mississippi River near Le Claire. I-80 is an American transcontinental Interstate Highway stretching from San Francisco, California, to Teaneck, New Jersey. Before the Interstate was built, US Route 6 was the busiest highway in Iowa. In the early 1950s, a turnpike along the US 6 corridor was slated to be the first modern four-lane highway in the state, but those plans were shelved when the Interstate Highway System was created in 1956. The first section of I-80 opened in 1958 in the western suburbs of Des Moines, and new sections of the Interstate opened up regularly over the next twelve years. The final segment in Iowa, the Missouri River bridge to Omaha, Nebraska, opened in 1972. About one-third of Iowa's population lives along the I-80 corridor, most of which runs through farmland. (Full article...)

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Umatilla Bridge

Interstate 82 is an Interstate Highway in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States that passes through parts of Washington and Oregon. It runs southeasterly for 144 miles (232 km) from I-90 in Ellensburg, Washington, to I-84 in Hermiston, Oregon. The highway passes through Yakima, the Yakima Valley agricultural region, and the Tri-Cities area, also serving as part of the link between Seattle and Boise, Idaho. It crosses the Columbia River on the Umatilla Bridge (pictured), which opened in 1955 and was later twinned. The corridor was originally used by several state and national highways until I-82 was created in late 1957. The first section to be constructed was a bypass of Yakima, opened in 1963, which was extended north to Ellensburg on November 12, 1971. The Yakima Valley section, connecting Union Gap to Prosser, was constructed between 1977 and 1982. The Tri-Cities bypass opened in 1986, delayed by a lengthy routing dispute, and the final section was completed in 1988. (Full article...)

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I-90 on a map of the contiguous United States

Interstate 90 is an east–west transcontinental freeway and the longest Interstate Highway in the United States at 3,021 miles (4,862 km). It runs from Seattle, Washington, to Boston, Massachusetts, passing through the Pacific Northwest, Mountain West, Great Plains, and Midwest. The highway serves 13 states and has 15 auxiliary routes, primarily in major cities such as Chicago, Cleveland, Buffalo, and Rochester. The route incorporates several toll roads that predate the Interstate Highway System, including the Ohio Turnpike, New York State Thruway, and the Massachusetts Turnpike. These toll roads opened in the 1950s and were followed by toll-free sections a decade later. The Midwestern sections of I-90 were fully completed in 1978, and the majority of the route between Seattle and South Dakota opened by 1987. The final section, near the western terminus in Seattle, opened on September 12, 1993; an eastern extension in Boston was completed in 2003 as part of the Big Dig project. (Full article...)

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I-94 at Park Road near Coloma

Interstate 94 in Michigan is a part of the U.S. Interstate Highway System that runs east from the Indiana state line near Lake Michigan through the southern Lower Peninsula to Detroit, then northeast to Port Huron. I-94 extends west to Billings, Montana. In Michigan, it is a state trunkline highway serving Benton Harbor, St. Joseph, Kalamazoo, Battle Creek, Jackson, Ann Arbor, and The Thumb, terminating on the Blue Water Bridge at the Canadian border. By 1960, I-94 was completed from New Buffalo to Detroit, and most of the rest of the route was completed in the 1960s. The highway has one auxiliary route in Michigan, I-194 in Battle Creek, and eight business routes. In 1987, a plane crashed on the freeway during take-off from the airport in Detroit. The routing of I-94 contains the first full freeway-to-freeway interchange in the United States]], and comprises the first complete border-to-border toll-free freeway in a U.S. state. (Full article...)

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Westbound I-96 as it passes under Sternberg Road approaching US 31

Interstate 96 is an Interstate Highway running 192 miles (309 km) roughly east–west entirely within the US state of Michigan, from east of Lake Michigan at US Highway 31 near Muskegon to I-75 near the Ambassador Bridge in Detroit. From Grand Rapids through Lansing to Detroit, the freeway parallels Grand River Avenue, never straying more than a few miles from the decommissioned US 16. Within the city of Detroit, the road was renamed the Rosa Parks Memorial Highway in 2005 in honor of the late civil rights pioneer. There are four auxiliary Interstate Highways as well as two current and four former business routes associated with I-96. Grand River Avenue originated as an Indian trail before Michigan statehood. It was later used as a wagon road across the state. In 1919 the roadway was included in the State Trunkline Highway System as M-16 and later the US Numbered Highway System as US 16. Construction of the freeway was started in 1956 and initially completed across the state to Detroit in 1962. I-96 was completed in the Detroit area on November 21, 1977. (Full article...)

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I-182 in Richland

Interstate 182 is an east–west auxiliary Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of Washington. I-182 is 15 miles (24 km) long and serves as a connector from I-82 to the Tri-Cities region. The highway was built after business leaders in the Tri-Cities began lobbying for a freeway in 1958 after early alignments for I-82 were routed away from the area. I-182 was created by the federal government in 1969 as a compromise to the routing dispute, which allowed for direct access to the Tri-Cities and a bypass for other traffic. Construction on I-182 was scheduled to begin in 1971, but was delayed by opposition from conservation groups, disputes over interchange locations, and a funding freeze in 1980. The first section to be built, over the Yakima River west of Richland, began construction in late 1980 and opened to traffic three years later. The Interstate 182 Bridge over the Columbia River opened in November 1984. The final sections of the freeway, between I-82 and Richland, opened to traffic in March 1986. (Full article...)

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I-196 entering downtown Grand Rapids

Interstate 196 is an auxiliary Interstate Highway that runs for 80.6 miles (129.7 km) in the US state of Michigan. It is a state trunkline highway that links Benton Harbor, South Haven, Holland, and Grand Rapids. I-196 is known as the Gerald R. Ford Freeway in Kent, Ottawa, and Allegan counties, after the 38th President of the United States, who was raised in Grand Rapids and served Michigan in the House of Representatives. There are two business loops and one business spur that serve the South Haven, Holland, and Grand Rapids areas. The current I-196 is the second in the state to bear the number. The Benton Harbor–Grand Rapids freeway was designated I-96 in the 1950s while another Interstate, between Muskegon and Grand Rapids, was numbered I-196. That I-196 was built in the late 1950s and completed in the early 1960s. Michigan officials requested a change in 1963, which switched the two numbers. (Full article...)

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I-205 northbound approaching OR 43 in West Linn

Interstate 205 is an auxiliary Interstate Highway in the Portland metropolitan area of Oregon and Washington, United States. The north–south freeway is 37 miles (60 km) long and serves as a bypass route of I-5 east of Portland. Such a highway was conceived in 1943 plan for the area, and in the 1950s was included in preliminary plans for the Interstate Highway System. Construction began in 1967 with work on the Abernethy Bridge over the Willamette River, which opened in 1970. By 1972, I-205 was extended west to Tualatin and north to Gladstone but the Portland section was delayed by opposition until 1977. The Glenn L. Jackson Memorial Bridge, spanning the Columbia River between Portland and Vancouver, opened on December 15, 1982. The remaining 6.6 miles (10.6 km) in Portland opened on March 8, 1983. From Oregon City to Vancouver, the corridor is paralleled by a multi-use bicycle and pedestrian trail, as well as portions of the MAX Light Rail system. (Full article...)

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Interstate 275, approaching the interchange with Interstate 96 and M-14

Interstate 275 (I-275) in the US state of Michigan is a western bypass around the Detroit metropolitan area, completed on January 14, 1977. The freeway is maintained by the Michigan Department of Transportation as part of the larger state trunkline highway system. It runs through the western suburbs near Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, terminating in an interchange with I-75 near Newport, northeast of Monroe. Early planning maps for the Interstate Highway System in the 1950s included a highway roughly parallel to the modern I-275. As plans developed through the 1960s and into the early 1970s, the freeway was to run from I-75 near Newport north to Novi and connect back to I-75 near Davisburg, but the state canceled the northern section after local opposition. Additional plans to extend the highway through Oakland County were kept on the drawing boards through the 1980s, but failed to materialize. Highway M-5, the Haggerty Connector, opened along part of the former I-275/M-275 right-of-way between 1994 and 2000. (Full article...)

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I-296 running along the Grand River

Interstate 296 is a part of the Interstate Highway System in the US state of Michigan. It is a state trunkline highway that runs for 3.43 miles (5.52 km) parallel to the Grand River on the west bank, entirely within the Grand Rapids area. Its termini are I-196 near downtown Grand Rapids and I-96 on the north side of Grand Rapids in Walker. For most of its length, the Interstate runs concurrently with US Highway 131, which continues as a freeway built to Interstate Highway standards north and south of the shorter I-296. The highway was first proposed in the late 1950s and opened in December 1962. The Michigan Department of Transportation has since eliminated all signage for I-296 and removed the designation from their official state map, leaving it unsigned, but I-296 is still listed on the Interstate Highway System route log maintained by the Federal Highway Administration. (Full article...)

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Looking southbound onto I-355 from the Illinois Prairie Path

Interstate 355 is an Interstate Highway and tollway in the western and southwest suburbs of Chicago, Illinois. Like most other tollways in the northeastern portion of the state, I-355 is maintained by the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. I-355 runs from Interstate 80 in New Lenox north to Interstate 290 in Itasca, a distance of 32.5 miles (52.3 km). The tollway authority opened I-355 as the North–South Tollway in 1989 to ease congestion on Illinois Route 53 (IL 53), a parallel two-lane state highway in central DuPage County. Initially, I-355 ran from Interstate 55 north to I-290. The new highway helped cut travel times for commuters traveling north and south in the county. According to commercial real estate developers at the time, the new tollway also opened the western suburbs of Chicago to commercial and industrial development. On November 11, 2007, the tollway authority opened a southern extension of I-355 from I-55 to I-80, a distance of 12.5 miles (20.1 km); on its opening, the tollway authority changed the name of the tollway to "Veterans Memorial Tollway". The tollway authority laid the route of the new extension through Will County and a small portion of Cook County, one of the fastest-growing regions in Illinois. The tollway authority expects the extension to cut travel times in the region by 20 percent. (Full article...)

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View east along I-470 past the CR 91/1 exit in Bethlehem

Interstate 470 is a 10.63-mile-long (17.1-kilometer) auxiliary Interstate Highway of I-70 that bypasses the city of Wheeling, West Virginia, in the United States. It is the only auxiliary Interstate Highway in West Virginia. The western terminus of I-470 is an interchange with I-70 in Richland Township, Ohio. Passing southeast through rural Belmont County, I-470 crosses the Ohio River on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Bridge, entering Ohio County, West Virginia, at a complex three-level diamond interchange with concurrent highways U.S. Route 250 and West Virginia Route 2. After turning east towards Bethlehem, it terminates at I-70 in West Virginia near Elm Grove. The freeway was built between 1975 and 1983. On average, between 25,500 and 37,840 vehicles use the highway daily. The West Virginia portion of I-470 has been named the USS West Virginia Memorial Highway since December 2000, commemorating the attack on Pearl Harbor. (Full article...)

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I-496 at Martin Luther King Boulevard

Interstate 496 (I-496) is an auxiliary Interstate Highway that passes through downtown Lansing in the US state of Michigan. Also a component of the State Trunkline Highway System, the loop route runs east from I-96 to the downtown area, turning south concurrently with US Highway 127. It passes a former assembly plant used by Oldsmobile and runs along or crosses parts of the Grand and Red Cedar rivers. Construction started in 1963, and the freeway opened on December 18, 1970. Segments south of downtown were built near a historically black neighborhood that dates from the early 20th century. Community leaders opted not to fight the construction of the freeway, instead seeking affordable housing and relocation assistance for displaced residents. The city named the freeway in honor of a former mayor when it opened in 1970, but the local historical society proposed that the state rename it after Ransom E. Olds, the founder of Oldsmobile and the REO Motor Car Company, after his mansion was demolished to make way for the freeway. The Michigan Legislature approved the name "Olds Freeway" two years later. Full article...

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I-675 at Saginaw, Michigan

Interstate 675 is a 7.7-mile-long (12.4 km) auxiliary Interstate Highway, state trunkline highway and loop route in the US state of Michigan. Splitting from I-75 and US Highway 23, which run north concurrently along the eastern side of Saginaw, I-675 heads west into the downtown area and spans the Saginaw River on the Henry G. Marsh Bridge. After an interchange with M-58, the Interstate turns northward, then runs northeasterly to connect back to I-75. The Marsh Bridge was constructed as an alternative to the Zilwaukee Bridge, which is just southeast of this junction on I-75 over the Saginaw; the I-75 bridge was until 1988 a drawbridge that would impede traffic on the freeway for up to four hours at a time. Construction of I-675 started in 1969 and the freeway opened in 1971. Sections near downtown were reconstructed from 2009 through 2011 to update one of the freeway's interchanges and to rebuild the Marsh Bridge. (Full article...)

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Aerial view of the Detroit Zoo, I-696 and M-1 (Woodward Avenue)

Interstate 696 is an east–west auxiliary Interstate Highway in the US state of Michigan. Known as the Walter P. Reuther Freeway in honor of the former head of the United Automobile Workers, it is a bypass route through the northern suburbs of Detroit in Oakland and Macomb counties. Its western terminus connects with I-96 and I-275 in Farmington Hills. It runs east through suburbs including Southfield, Royal Oak and Warren before merging on its east end into I-94 at St. Clair Shores. Planning for the freeway started in the 1950s, and construction on the first segment started in 1961. The western third of the freeway opened in 1963, and the eastern third was completed in January 1979. The central segment was the subject of controversy over its routing and the effect on local communities and the environment, delaying its completion until December 15, 1989. (Full article...)

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Aerial view of I-805 near the SR 15 interchange

Interstate 805 is a major north–south Interstate Highway in Southern California. It is a bypass of I-5, running along the eastern areas of the Greater San Diego region from San Ysidro to near Del Mar. From I-5 in San Ysidro (less than a mile north of the Mexico–U.S. border), I-805 then traverses through the cities of Chula Vista and National City before reentering San Diego. The freeway passes though the San Diego neighborhoods of North Park, Mission Valley, Clairemont, and University City before terminating at I-5 in the Sorrento Valley neighborhood near the Del Mar city limit. Planning for I-805 began in 1956, and the route was officially designated in 1959 before it was renumbered in the 1964 state highway renumbering. Construction started in 1967 and it was opened in 1975. Named the Jacob Dekema Freeway after the longtime head of the regional division of the California Department of Transportation, I-805 has been frequently cited for its complex engineering and architecture, including near I-8 on the Mission Valley Viaduct. High-occupancy toll lanes are under construction on both the northern and southern portions of the route. (Full article...)

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The Kansas Turnpike

The Kansas Turnpike is a tolled freeway that lies entirely within the U.S. state of Kansas. The road runs in a general southwest–northeast direction from the Oklahoma border south of Wichita via Wichita, Topeka, and Lawrence to Kansas City, Kansas. The Kansas Turnpike Act defined the turnpike to be built from Oklahoma to Kansas City, Kansas. The turnpike is owned and maintained by the Kansas Turnpike Authority, headquartered in Wichita. The Kansas Turnpike was built from 1954 to 1956, predating the Interstate Highway System. The turnpike presently has 27 interchanges and two barrier toll plazas. Exit numbers are assigned by mileage from south to east. After passing the Bonner Springs interchange, exit numbers change to match the mileage of Interstate 70 east from the Colorado border. In the median at mile 97 is the Matfield Green Service Area, which contains a memorial to football coach Knute Rockne, who died in a plane crash near Bazaar, Kansas. (Full article...)

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M-1 approaching I-696

M-1 is a north–south state trunkline highway in the Metro Detroit area of the US state of Michigan. The highway runs from Detroit north-northwesterly to Pontiac. The Federal Highway Administration has listed it as the Automotive Heritage Trail, an All-American Road in the National Scenic Byways Program. Created after Detroit's Great Fire of 1805, the road follows the route of the Saginaw Trail, a Native American trail that linked Detroit with Pontiac, Flint, and Saginaw. M-1 passes through several historic districts in Detroit, and runs next to the Highland Park Ford Plant, home of the original moving assembly line used to produce Model Ts. Commonly known as Woodward Avenue, the street has become synonymous with Detroit's cruising culture and automotive industry. Downtown entertainment venues along Woodward include the Fox Theatre and the Majestic Theatre. M-1 exits Detroit at 8 Mile Road and runs through the city's northern suburbs in Oakland County. (Full article...)

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Kalamazoo Avenue SPUI under final construction

M-6 is a 19.7-mile (31.7 km) freeway in Michigan that serves portions of southern Kent and eastern Ottawa counties south of Grand Rapids. Initially opened to traffic on November 20, 2001, the roadway connects Interstate 196 on the west with Interstate 96 on the east while running through several townships on the south side of the w:Grand Rapids metropolitan area. Each end is in a rural area while the central section has suburban development along the highway. The freeway was originally conceived in the 1960s, and it took 32 years to approve, plan, finance, and build M-6 from the time that the state first authorized funding in 1972 to the time the full highway opened to traffic in 2004. Initial construction started in November 1997, with the first phase opened in 2001 and the remainder in November 2004. The project was built with two firsts: the first single-point urban interchange in the state, and a new technique to apply the pavement markings, embedding them into the concrete to reduce the chance of a snowplow scraping them off. (Full article...)

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Bus M-28 at Silver Street

Business M-28 is a 4.8-mile (7.7 km) state trunkline highway in the U.S. state of Michigan serving as a business route for U.S. Highway 41 and M-28. It runs through the downtown districts of the historic iron-mining communities Ishpeming and Negaunee. The trunkline was originally a section of these roads until a northerly bypass was built in 1937. M-35 also ran through downtown Negaunee along a section of the highway until the 1960s. A rerouting in 1999 moved the trunkline designation along Lakeshore Drive in Ishpeming, and a streetscape project rebuilt the road in Negaunee in 2005. In Negaunee, the highway passes Jackson Park, where iron ore was first discovered in what became the Marquette Iron Range. The nearby Jackson Mine was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. Between 1850 and 1900, half the nation's supply of iron ore came from this region. (Full article...)

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The Seney Stretch on M-28

M-28 is an east–west state trunkline highway that almost completely traverses the Upper Peninsula in the U.S. state of Michigan, from Wakefield to near Sault Ste. Marie. M-28 is the longest state trunkline with the "M-" prefix at 290 miles (467 km). Three sections of the highway are part of the Lake Superior Circle Tour, and two sections carry memorial highway designations. M-28 passes through forested woodlands, bog swamps, and urbanized areas. Sections of roadway cross the Ottawa National Forest and both sections of the Hiawatha National Forest. Other landmarks accessible from the highway include the Seney National Wildlife Refuge and several historic bridges. M-28 dates to the 1919 formation of the state's trunkline system, though the original highway was much shorter. It was expanded eastward to the Sault Ste. Marie area in the late 1920s. (Full article...)

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Looking south at M-35 from G-12 in Menominee County

M-35 is a state trunkline highway in the Upper Peninsula (UP) of the US state of Michigan. Running for 128 miles (206 km) in a generally north–south direction, it connects the cities of Menominee, Escanaba and Negaunee. It is part of the Lake Michigan Circle Tour and is the UP Hidden Coast Recreational Heritage Trail in the Pure Michigan Byways program. Along the southern section, the highway is the closest trunkline to Green Bay, a section of Lake Michigan. The northern section of the highway turns inland through wooded terrain, connecting rural portions of Delta and Marquette counties. The road was designated as M-35 with signposts erected by 1919. It was intended to run from Menominee in the south to near Big Bay in the north, before turning toward L'Anse to end at Ontonagon, but the section through the Huron Mountains in northern Marquette and Baraga counties was never built. Automobile pioneer Henry Ford helped halt this construction to gain favor with the exclusive Huron Mountain Club. (Full article...)

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Cyclists on M-185

M-185 is a state trunkline highway in the US state of Michigan that circles Mackinac Island, a popular tourist destination. A narrow paved road of 8.004 miles (12.881 km), it offers scenic views of the Straits of Mackinac dividing the Upper and the Lower peninsulas of Michigan, Lake Huron, and Lake Michigan. It has no connection to any other state highways and is accessible only by passenger ferry. M-185 passes several key sites within Mackinac Island State Park, including Fort Mackinac, Arch Rock, British Landing, and Devil's Kitchen. Outside of the downtown area, it runs between the water's edge and woodlands. Traffic on it is by foot, on horse, by horse-drawn vehicle, or by bicycle; motorized vehicles have been banned since the 1890s, and only a few vehicles have been permitted on the island other than emergency vehicles. It is the only state highway in the US where cars cannot drive. The highway was built during the first decade of the 20th century by the state and designated as a state highway in 1933. It was paved in the 1950s, and portions were rebuilt to deal with shoreline erosion in the 1980s. Until 2005, it was the only state highway without any automobile accidents. (Full article...)

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Glass' Curve on M-553 in Marquette

M-553 is a north–south state trunkline highway in the Upper Peninsula of the US state of Michigan. It connects M-35 near Gwinn with the Marquette Bypass, an expressway carrying US Highway 41 and M-28 in Marquette. M-553 connects Marquette with Sawyer International Airport at the unincorporated community of K.I. Sawyer, the former site of a US Air Force base, in the Sands Plains area of Marquette County. The trunkline was originally County Road 553 and dates back to the 1930s. During the early 1990s, the City of Marquette extended one of their streets, McClellan Avenue, southward to connect to CR 553. The county road was transferred from the Marquette County Road Commission to the jurisdiction of the Michigan Department of Transportation on October 1, 1998. MDOT assigned most of the former county road the M-553 designation after the transfer was complete. One section that was less than a mile (about 1.4 km) was given the M-554 designation, which was was not signed by the state. In 2005, control of various roadways was exchanged between the City of Marquette and MDOT, and M-553 was extended through the city. At the same time, M-554 was turned over to the city's jurisdiction. (Full article...)

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Maryland Route 36 near the Mount Savage Castle in Maryland

Maryland Route 36 is a 29.43-mile (47.36 km) state highway located in Allegany County, Maryland. MD 36 runs from its southern terminus at the WV 46 bridge in Westernport to its northern terminus at U.S. Route 40 Alternate near Cumberland. Between Westernport and Frostburg, it is known as Georges Creek Road, and from Frostburg to Cumberland it is known as Mount Savage Road. Like the majority of Maryland state highways, MD 36 is maintained by the Maryland State Highway Administration (MDSHA). MD 36 serves as the main road through the Georges Creek Valley, a region which is historically known for coal mining, and has been designated by MDSHA as part of the Coal Heritage Scenic Byway. MD 36 is the main road connecting the towns of Westernport, Lonaconing, and Midland in southwestern Allegany County, as well as Frostburg, Mount Savage, and Corriganville in northwestern Allegany County. (Full article...)

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Welcome sign along M-99

The State Trunkline Highway System in Michigan consists of all the state highways, including those designated as Interstate, United States, or State Trunkline highways. Maintained by the Michigan Department of Transportation, the system comprises 9,716 miles (15,636 km) of trunklines in all 83 counties of the state. Its components range in scale from 10-lane urban freeways to two-lane rural undivided highways to a non-motorized highway on Mackinac Island, where cars are forbidden. The longest highway is nearly 400 miles (640 km) long, while the shortest is about three-quarters of a mile (about 1.2 km). A constitutional prohibition on state involvement in roads was removed in the early 20th century and on May 13, 1913, the State Reward Trunk Line Highways Act was passed, creating the system. Highway numbers were first posted on signs in 1919, making Michigan the second state to do so. Michigan's first freeways were built during the 1940s. Construction on Michigan's Interstates started in the late 1950s and continued until 1992. Few additional freeways have been built since 1992, and in the early years of the 21st century, projects are underway to bypass cities with new highways. (Full article)

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NY 22 looking north into the Harlem Valley from Patterson

New York State Route 22 is a north–south state highway in eastern New York in the United States. It runs parallel to the state's eastern edge from the outskirts of New York City to the hamlet of Mooers in Clinton County. At 337 miles (542 km), it is the state's longest north–south route. The southernmost section of the road connected New York City to White Plains in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Route 22 in its modern form was established in 1930 as one of the principal routes from New York City to Canada. It is a two-lane road passing through small villages and hamlets, as well as the city of Plattsburgh in the north, lower Westchester County, and the heavily populated borough of The Bronx. The rural landscapes include picturesque reservoirs of the New York City watershed, dairy farms in the Taconic Mountains and the Berkshires, and the undeveloped, heavily forested Adirondack Park along the shores of Lake Champlain. An 86-mile (138 km) section from Fort Ann to Keeseville is part of the Lakes to Locks Passage, an All-American Road. (Full article...)

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New York State Route 28 approaching Balsam Mountain near Big Indian

New York State Route 28 is a state highway extending for 281.69 miles (453.34 km) in the shape of a "C" between the Hudson Valley city of Kingston and southern Warren County in the state of New York. Along the way, it intersects several major routes, including Interstate 88, U.S. Route 20, and the New York State Thruway twice. The southern terminus of NY 28 is at NY 32 in Kingston and the northern terminus is US 9 in Warrensburg. NY 28 was originally assigned in 1924 to an alignment extending from Colliersville in the south to Utica in the north via Ilion. From Colliersville to Cooperstown, the highway followed its current routing (excluding minor realignments); north of Cooperstown, NY 28 was routed along several state highways that now have other designations. The route was extended south to Kingston and north to Warrensburg as part of the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York. At the same time, Route 28 was realigned between Cooperstown and Mohawk to follow its modern routing. (Full article...)

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NY 28N heading northbound along the concurrency with NY 30 in Blue Mountain Lake, New York

New York State Route 28N (NY 28N) is an east–west state highway in the North Country of New York in the United States. It extends for 50.95 miles (82.00 km) through the Adirondack Mountains from Blue Mountain Lake to North Creek. The route is a northerly alternate route to NY 28 between both locations and passes through several communities that NY 28 bypasses. The westernmost 10 miles (16 km) of NY 28N overlap with NY 30 through the town of Long Lake. The rest of NY 28N is designated as the Roosevelt–Marcy Trail, a scenic byway marking the path taken in 1901 by U.S. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt from Mount Marcy to reach North Creek after he learned that President William McKinley had been assassinated. The route has a rather scant history before its designations. It originated as a highway from Warren County to Long Lake. It was used for transportation in the iron ore industry in Newcomb, and for the lumber industry in Minerva. The state gained control of the road in 1909. The NY 28N designation was assigned as part of the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York, incorporating part of the former NY 10. (Full article...)

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Looking north on NY 32 in the Town of Cornwall

New York State Route 32 is a north–south state highway that extends for 176.73 miles (284.42 km) through the Hudson Valley and Capital District regions of the U.S. state of New York. It is a surface road for nearly its entire length, with few divided and no limited-access sections. For much of its route it is closely parallel to Interstate 87 and US 9W, overlapping with the latter in several places. NY 32 begins at NY 17 near Harriman, and ends at NY 196 north of Hudson Falls. In between, the road passes through the cities of Newburgh, Kingston, Albany and Glens Falls. Outside of the cities, it offers views of the Hudson Highlands, Shawangunk Ridge, Catskill Mountains, and, during an overlap with US 4 north of Albany, the Hudson River. The roads now making up the highway were originally part of several privately-maintained turnpikes, which enhanced the growth of settlements along the corridor. Once part of the former NY 58, it has been NY 32 since 1930. It has had three suffixed spur routes, only one of which remains. (Full article...)

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NY 174 with Otisco Lake in view

New York State Route 174 is a state highway in the county of Onondaga, located in Central New York. The highway is 16.70 miles (26.88 km) long and passes through mostly rural regions. Route 174 begins at an intersection with NY 41 in Borodino, a hamlet of Spafford. It heads northward for most of its length, except for short distances in the villages of Marcellus and Camillus. The route ends at a junction with NY 5 west of Camillus, at the west end of the Route 5 Camillus bypass. Route 174 is located along a large mapped sedimentary bedrock unit, known as the Marcellus Formation. The formation is named for an outcrop found near the town of Marcellus, New York, during a geological survey in 1839. The road was first laid out in the early 19th century following the path of Nine Mile Creek, which connected several early settlements in Central New York. The northern half of the route, between the villages of Marcellus and Camillus, was later improved as a plank road in 1855 by a private corporation that collected tolls from travelers on the road. The state took over the maintenance of the road by the beginning of the 20th century. The former plank road and an extension south to Otisco Lake and southwest to Skaneateles Lake was first designated as Route 174 in the 1930 state highway renumbering. (Full article...)

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NY 175 just east of Bishop Hill Road

New York State Route 175 is a west–east state highway located in Onondaga County, New York, in the United States. The 15.46-mile (24.88 km) route begins at an intersection with U.S. Route 20 east of the village of Skaneateles. It heads towards the northeast as Lee Mulroy Road, traversing farmland. It then passes through the village of Marcellus before ending at a junction with US 11 in Syracuse. Designated in the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York, the highway brought about an increase in population and development along its route. The section of NY 175 from downtown Marcellus to NY 173 in Onondaga was built along the historical Seneca Turnpike, which was established in 1800 and dissolved in 1852. At 157 miles (253 km), the turnpike was the longest in the state at the time and was instrumental in the development of the villages of Skaneateles and Marcellus. (Full article...)

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Route 308, east of Rhinebeck

New York State Route 308 is a 6.19-mile-long (9.96 km) state highway within northern Dutchess County in New York State that connects U.S. Route 9 and NY 9G. The western end of the highway is in the Rhinebeck Village Historic District, a 2.6-square-mile (6.7 km2) area that features 272 buildings in a variety of architectural styles. NY 308 passes near the Dutchess County Fairgrounds, several historical landmarks, and the Landsman Kill River, a minor tributary of the Hudson River. Around 1685, the Native American Sepasco Trail ran from the Hudson eastward through modern-day Rhinebeck and ended at Lake Sepasco, roughly following NY 308 and its side roads. The trail remained until 1802, when part of the Ulster and Delaware Turnpike was chartered over it, extending from Salisbury, Connecticut, to the Susquehanna River at or near the town of Jericho (now Bainbridge). NY 308 incorporates a portion of the former turnpike. (Full article...)

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NY 311 crossing Lake Carmel

New York State Route 311 is a state highway located entirely within Putnam County, New York. The highway begins at New York State Route 52 in Lake Carmel, and intersects Interstate 84 shortly thereafter. It crosses NY 164 and NY 292 as it heads into the northwestern part of the county, finally curving east to reach its northern terminus at NY 22 just south of the Dutchess County line. The route passes several historical sites. Part of modern-day Route 311 was originally the Philipstown Turnpike, a road built in 1815 to overcome a lack of transportation when the Hudson River froze during the winter months. The turnpike was a large business center for the county, though it was abandoned due to insufficient tolls to maintain it. Another section was constructed in the early 1900s, from the Patterson Baptist Church near the modern-day intersection of Route 311 and Route 164 to the Village of Patterson, by a group of Italian immigrants. In the 1930 renumbering, the segment of NY 39 east of West Patterson was renumbered to New York State Route 311. In the late 1930s, NY 52 was realigned to its current alignment between Stormville and Lake Carmel. The former routing of NY 52 from West Patterson to Lake Carmel later became part of an extended NY 311. (Full article...)

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Westbound on former NY 319 just east of the hamlet of Preston

New York State Route 319 was a state highway in Chenango County, New York, in the United States. It was 5.47 miles (8.80 km) long and connected the hamlet of Preston to the nearby city of Norwich. What became NY 319 was originally built during the early 19th century as the privately owned Norwich and Preston Turnpike. The state of New York assumed ownership in the early 20th century, and the Preston–Norwich state highway was designated as NY 319 as part of the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York. Maintenance of NY 319 was split between the state and the city of Norwich, with the New York State Department of Transportation handling the part of the route west of the city limits. In 1962, the New York State Legislature approved a highway maintenance swap that would transfer the state-maintained section of NY 319 to Chenango County when a new alignment was constructed for NY 23 through the northwestern part of the county. The project was completed in July 1984, at which time the NY 319 designation was completely removed and Chenango County assumed maintenance of the route's former alignment west of Norwich. The new county road was redesignated County Route 10A. (Full article...)

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Eastbound view of New York State Route 373

New York State Route 373 is a short state highway in Essex County, New York, within Adirondack Park. It begins at U.S. Route 9 at the Ausable Chasm, a deep, wooded canyon in the town of Chesterfield. The road proceeds eastward, ending at a ferry landing on Lake Champlain. It is the only connector between U.S. Route 9 and the hamlet of Port Kent and the ferry that serves it. Port Kent and the connecting road were originally built in 1823, intended to provide labor for iron manufacturing and other industries of Essex County. The hamlet grew, and was eventually connected to Burlington, Vermont, via an hour-long ferry ride across Lake Champlain. The road that accessed Port Kent originally began in Keeseville, but became part of the longer Port Kent and Hopkinton Turnpike in the 1830s. The highway that is now Route 373 was designated as part of the Theodore Roosevelt International Highway in 1919. (Full article...)

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King's Highway 61 in 1955

King's Highway 61 is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario that forms part of the Lake Superior Circle Tour. The 61-kilometer (38 mi) route extends from a junction at Highway 11, Highway 17 and the Harbour Expressway in Thunder Bay south to a bridge over the Pigeon River, where it crosses into the United States and becomes Minnesota State Highway 61. The roads on either side of the river were completed in 1916, but there was no bridge to connect them. Funding for a bridge over the international crossing at the Pigeon River required federal approval from both governments, but local civic groups in Port Arthur and Duluth expected that the process would be too slow, and built it without approval. The bridge was opened by a travelling motorcade in August 1917, permitting travel between Ontario and Minnesota. To the surprise of the civic groups, Canadian officials attending the opening announced federal funding to cover the bridge costs. (Full article...)

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King's Highway 71 at Sioux Narrows

King's Highway 71 is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. Part of the Trans-Canada Highway, the 194-kilometer (121 mi) route travels west from the Fort Frances-International Falls International Bridge in Fort Frances, concurrently with Highway 11, for 40 kilometers (25 mi). At Chapple, Highway 71 branches from Highway 11, travelling 154 kilometers (96 mi) north to a junction with Highway 17 just east of Kenora. The concurrent portion of the highway follows the Cloverleaf Trail, which was completed by the end of the 1880s and improved over the next several decades. The portion between Highway 11 and Highway 17 follows the Heenan Highway, which connects the Rainy River region with Kenora and the remainder of Ontario's road network; before its opening the area was accessible only via the United States. Both highways were incorporated into the provincial highway system in 1937 following the merger of the Department of Highways and the Department of Northern Development. (Full article...)

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Highway 401 in Toronto

King's Highway 401 is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario stretching 817.9 kilometers (508.2 mi). The portion that passes through Toronto is the busiest highway in the world, and one of the widest (18 lanes pictured near Toronto Pearson International Airport). By the end of 1952, three individual highways were numbered "Highway 401": the partially completed Toronto Bypass between Weston Road and Highway 11; Highway 2A between West Hill and Newcastle; and the Scenic Highway between Gananoque and Brockville. The route was expanded across the province, and became fully navigable from Windsor to the Quebec border on November 10, 1964. In 1965 it was designated the Macdonald–Cartier Freeway, in honour of the Fathers of Confederation, and it became a freeway for its entire length in 1968. A portion of the highway was designated the Highway of Heroes in 2007, as the road is travelled by funeral convoys for fallen Canadian Forces personnel from CFB Trenton to the coroner's office in Toronto. In 2011 construction began on a westward extension of Highway 401 that will be known as the Herb Gray Parkway and extend to Interstate 75 via a new international crossing. (Full article...)

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King's Highway 402, Ontario, Canada

King's Highway 402 is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario and a vital trade link with the Midwestern United States, connecting the Blue Water Bridge international crossing near Sarnia to Highway 401 in London. The controlled access freeway is four-laned for nearly its entire length, widening at the approach to the Blue Water Bridge. It originally ended within the Sarnia city limits, merging into Highway 7 near the present Highway 40 interchange. Although it was one of the original 400-series highways, it was not completed until 1982; construction extending it to London began in 1972 and was completed with the final link between Highway 81 and Highway 2. The entire route became a controlled-access highway with the removal of an intersection at Front Street in Sarnia. Highway 402 offers access to Interstate 69 and Interstate 94 into Port Huron, Michigan, as well as Toronto via Highway 401, and onwards to Montreal via A-20 in Quebec. The only town along Highway 402 between Sarnia and London is Strathroy. (Full article...)

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Eastbound on Highway 403 near the Grand River, west of Brantford, Ontario

King's Highway 403 is a 400-series highway in Ontario, between Woodstock and Mississauga, which branches off southwards from Highway 401 and travels through Hamilton and Mississauga before reuniting with the 401. It is concurrent and co-signed with the Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW) for 22 kilometers (14 mi) from Burlington to Oakville. The 403 designation was applied to a short stub in 1963; the entire route was completed when the Brantford to Ancaster section opened on August 15, 1997. The Woodstock to Burlington stretch was dedicated as the Alexander Graham Bell Parkway in 2016. Most of Highway 403 runs through suburbia, although the areas west of Hamilton are agricultural except for Brantford. In Hamilton, Highway 403 descends the Niagara Escarpment, then runs north of Hamilton Harbour to the QEW. It then travels through Burlington and Oakville, departing from the QEW to the north at the Mississauga–Oakville boundary. It then crosses Mississauga's city centre before turning north and ends at Highway 401. Some lanes continue north to Brampton as Highway 410. (Full article...)

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Highway 416 entering Ottawa

King's Highway 416 is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario that connects the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 417) in Ottawa with Highway 401 between Brockville and Cornwall. The 76.4-kilometer-long (47.5 mi) freeway is part of an important trade corridor between New York and Eastern Ontario. It passes through a largely rural area, except near its northern terminus where it enters the suburbs of Ottawa (approach to Ottawa pictured). It had two distinct construction phases. Highway 416 "North" was a 21-kilometer (13 mi) freeway starting from an interchange at Highway 417 and bypassing the original route of Highway 16 into Ottawa along a new right-of-way. Highway 416 "South" was the twinning of 57 kilometers (35 mi) of Highway 16 New—a two-lane expressway bypassing the original highway that was constructed throughout the 1970s and finished in 1983—and the construction of a new interchange with Highway 401. Sections of both opened throughout the late 1990s. Highway 416 was commemorated as the Veterans Memorial Highway on the 54th anniversary of D-Day in 1998. The final link was officially opened by a World War I veteran and local officials on September 23, 1999. (Full article...)

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Eastbound Highway 420 at Portage Road overpass in Niagara Falls, Ontario

King's Highway 420 is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario that connects the Queen Elizabeth Way with downtown Niagara Falls. The roadway continues east as the limited-access expressway Niagara Regional Road 420, which was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Regional Municipality of Niagara in 1998; it connects with the Rainbow Bridge at the border with the United States over the w:Niagara River. King's Highway 420 has a speed limit of 80 kilometers per hour (50 mph), making it the only 400-series highway to have a speed limit less than 100 kilometers per hour (62 mph) for its entirety. Originally constructed as a divided four-lane road with two traffic circles, the route of Highway 420 formed part of the QEW between 1941 and 1972. It was assigned a unique route number during its reconstruction as a freeway and the construction of the large interchange at its western terminus at Montrose Road. (Full article...)

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The QEW in Hamilton

The Queen Elizabeth Way is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario linking Toronto with the Niagara Peninsula and Buffalo, New York. The freeway begins at the Peace Bridge in Fort Erie and travels 139.1 kilometers (86.4 mi) around the western shore of Lake Ontario, ending at Highway 427, where the roadway continues as the Gardiner Expressway into downtown Toronto. The freeway's history dates back to 1931, when work began to widen the Middle Road as a relief project during the Great Depression, to bring it up to the quality of the nearby Dundas Highway and Lakeshore Road. In 1934, the design was modified to resemble German autobahns. It was the first intercity divided highway in North America in 1937 and featured the longest stretch of consistent illumination in the world. While not a true freeway at the time, it was gradually upgraded, widened and modernized beginning in the 1950s, taking on more or less its current form by 1975. Since then, various projects have continued to widen the route. (Full article...)

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An original stretch of 1919 concrete pavement and cur

The Ridge Route was the popular name given to an early 20th-century road in the United States. The Ridge Route was California's first highway, linking the Los Angeles Basin with the San Joaquin Valley; it was particularly used to travel from the city of Los Angeles to Bakersfield. Its official name was the Castaic-Tejon Route. In 1895, the State Bureau of Highways was created by Governor James H. Budd who appointed three highway commissioners: R.C. Irvine of Sacramento, Marsden Manson of San Francisco and L. Maude of Riverside. Though a great deal of the route had been daylighted (widened) and paved in asphalt by the mid-1920s, much of the 1919 concrete pavement remains intact. In some areas, Model T tire tracks can still be seen, left decades ago in the still-soft concrete. (Full article...)

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Western terminus of SR 74

New York State Route 74 and Vermont Route 74 are two state highways connected by a cable ferry in the northeastern United States. Together they extend 34 miles (55 km) through Essex County, New York, and Addison County, Vermont. The connecting ferry route, predating both NY 74 and VT 74, began operation in 1759. The ferry operation upgraded to a cable system in 1946. NY 74 begins at exit 28 off Interstate 87 in the hamlet of Severance in the Adirondack Mountains region of northern New York State. It extends 20.44 miles (32.89 km) to the western shore of Lake Champlain in Ticonderoga. There, the seasonal Fort Ticonderoga–Larrabees Point Ferry carries cars across the state border to VT 74, which starts at the lake's eastern shore and terminates 13.26 miles (21.34 km) later at a junction with VT 30 in the town of Cornwall. Segments of NY 74 follow the alignment of the historic Ticonderoga and Schroon Turnpike, a privately owned highway chartered in 1832. (Full article...)

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A view east into the Harlem Valley between Millbrook and Dover Plains

New York State Route 343 is a state highway in Dutchess County, in the Hudson Valley of the state of New York. It runs east–west from the intersection of NY 82 in the village of Millbrook to the Connecticut state line in the hamlet of Amenia, where Connecticut Route 343 continues briefly eastward. It was originally the Dover branch of the Dutchess Turnpike, a 19th-century transportation route between Litchfield County, Connecticut, and the city of Poughkeepsie. NY 343 was designated in 1930, connecting Amenia to the state line, but was relocated a few years later onto the portion of NY 200 from South Millbrook to the hamlet of Dover Plains. Landmarks along the way include the Silo Ridge Country Club in the hamlet of Wassaic, Beekman Park in Amenia, and the Troutbeck Conference Center in the hamlet of Leedsville. Connecticut Route 343 passes through more rural and residential areas into the town of Sharon, Connecticut, where it terminates at a junction with Route 4 and Route 41. (Full article...)

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US 2 next to Lake Michigan near Brevort

US Highway 2 runs through the Upper Peninsula in two segments, entering the state at Ironwood and ending at St. Ignace; in between, US 2 briefly traverses the state of Wisconsin. As one of the major transportation arteries in the UP, US 2 is a major conduit for traffic through the state. Two sections of the roadway are included as part of the Great Lakes Circle Tours, and other segments are listed as state-designated Pure Michigan Byways. The highway runs through rural sections of the UP, passing through two national and two state forests in the process. The route of what became US 2 was used as part of two Indian trails before European settlers came to the area. Two auto trails, the Theodore Roosevelt International Highway and the King's International Highway, followed the roadway in the early 20th century before it became a state highway, M‑12 in 1919. Most of M‑12 was redesignated as part of US 2 when the US Highway System was created in 1926. Since the 1930s, several changes have reshaped the highway's routing through the UP, creating a bi-state business loop at Ironwood–Hurley, and others pushed an originally inland routing of US 2 closer to the Lake Michigan shoreline. The eastern end became part of Interstate 75 in the 1960s. (Full article...)

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US 8 in Lincoln County, Wisconsin

US Highway 8 runs east–west for 280 miles (450 km), mostly within the state of Wisconsin. It connects Interstate 35 in Forest Lake, Minnesota, to U.S. Highway 2 at Norway in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Except for some short freeway segments, it is mostly undivided surface road. It is maintained by the departments of transportation of Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan. Part of the U.S. Highway System, it was commissioned on November 11, 1926, running between Forest Lake and Pembine, Wisconsin, with a planned continuation to Powers, Michigan. The western end was extended to Minneapolis, but the terminus was later moved back to Forest Lake. The eastern terminus was changed from Powers to Norway. The Wisconsin Department of Transportation built a bypass around Rhinelander in the 1990s and created a locally maintained business loop along the old highway through the central business district. The signage for the loop was removed in 2005. (Full article...)

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Grand River Avenue in East Lansing

US Highway 16 was one of the principal pre-Interstate roads in the state of Michigan. Much of the original roadway is now called Grand River Avenue, and runs across the Lower Peninsula from Detroit northwest to near Grand Rapids. It was largely built along a trail used by Indigenous peoples and later by the first European settlers in the area. As a wagon trail, it was called the Grand River Road. In Detroit, Grand River is one of five major avenues (along with Woodward, Michigan, Gratiot, and Jefferson) planned by Judge Augustus Woodward in 1805 that extended from Downtown Detroit in different directions; Grand River Avenue extends to the northwest. In the middle of the 19th century, the trail was expanded into a plank road that became one of the first state trunkline highways in the early 20th century, designated M-16. (Full article...)

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US 23 viewed from pedestrian bridge on Geddes Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan

US Highway 23 is a north–south United States Numbered Highway in the state of Michigan that is a major, 362-mile-long (583 km) through the Lower Peninsula. The highway is a freeway from the Michigan–Ohio state line near Lambertville to the city of Standish, and it follows the Lake Huron shoreline from there to its northern terminus. Serving the cities of Ann Arbor and Flint, the southern end of US 23 acts as a freeway bypass of the Metro Detroit area. Overall, the highway runs through rural areas of the state dominated by farm fields or woodlands; some segments are urban in character in the Ann Arbor, Flint and Tri-Cities areas. US 23 in the state follows sections of two Indian trails. In the early 20th century, four different auto trail names were applied to roads now a part of the highway. When the US Highway System was created in 1926, the new US 23 replaced two state highways. Through the 1930s and 1940s, the lakeshore routing was created to replace a path that ran further inland through the northern portion of the state. Starting in the early 1950s, various sections in the southeastern and central areas of the Lower Peninsula were upgraded to freeways, bypassing several major cities in the area. These improvements were completed by the end of the 1960s. (Full article...)

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US 25 along Gratiot Avenue in Detroit in 1941

US Highway 25 in the state of Michigan was a highway that ran northeasterly from the Ohio state line near Toledo through Monroe and Detroit to Port Huron. Continuing near the foot of the Blue Water Bridge, it proceeded north and northwesterly along the Lake Huron shoreline to the tip of The Thumb in Port Austin. Created with the initial US Highway System in 1926, US 25 followed some roadways dating from the 19th and early 20th centuries, and replaced several state highway designations. The highway was extended to Port Austin in 1933. Starting in the early 1960s, segments of Interstate 75 and Interstate 94 were built, and US 25 was shifted to follow them concurrently south of Detroit to Port Huron. On September 26, 1973, the entire designation was removed from the state. The final routing of the highway is still maintained by the state under eight different designations, some unsigned. (Full article...)

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US 30 leaving Iowa at Clinton

U.S. Highway 30 in Iowa runs generally east–west for 330 miles (530 km), and is the longest primary highway in Iowa. Going east, US 30 enters Iowa at the Missouri River bridge from Blair, Nebraska, and exits at Clinton, crossing the Mississippi River. The highway runs close to the Union Pacific Railroad's Overland Route as both cross Iowa. US 30 was conceived as a part of the Lincoln Highway, the first transcontinental highway in the United States. A route through Iowa was chosen because of the important link between Omaha, Nebraska, and Chicago, Illinois, and, by 1931, it had been paved across the entire state. US 30 originally passed through many small Iowa towns, but over time, the route has been straightened, bypassing most downtown areas, and with long sections upgraded to a four-lane expressway. Since 2006, US 30 has been designated an Iowa Heritage Byway, the first highway in the state with that distinction. (Full article...)

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US 31 at the at the Bus US 31 (Oceana Drive) exit near Pentwater

US Highway 31 is a part of the United States Numbered Highway System in the Lower Peninsula of Michigan that runs from the IndianaMichigan state line at Bertrand Township north to its terminus at Interstate 75 south of Mackinaw City. Along its 355.2-mile-long (571.6 km) route, US 31 follows freeways and divided highways northward to Ludington. North of there, it is a rural undivided highway through the Northern Michigan tourist destinations of Traverse City and Petoskey before terminating south of Mackinaw City. The modern US 31 corridor has its origins in the West Michigan Pike, an auto trail from 1913 before becoming two state highways in 1919 and the single US Highway in 1926. The highway crossed the Straits of Mackinac by ferry for about a decade in the 1920s and 1930s, connecting to US 2 north of St. Ignace. Later, sections were converted into freeways starting in the 1950s. These segments opened through the subsequent decades with the last one opening in 2022. Future plans by the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) include a bypass of Grand Haven. (Full article...)

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US 34 in Montgomery County, Iowa. West of the US 71 junction

U.S. Highway 34 is a U.S. Highway that runs across the southern third of Iowa. It begins on a bridge over the Missouri River west of Glenwood. Through southwestern Iowa, the highway is, for the most part, a two-lane rural road with at-grade intersections. Just east of Ottumwa, the road joins the four-lane Iowa 163 for the remainder of its trek through the state. The highway heads to the southeastern part of the state where it crosses the Mississippi River on the Great River Bridge at Burlington. US 34 was one of the original U.S. Highways when the system was created in 1926, though it was preceded by the Blue Grass Route an auto trail that connected Council Bluffs and Burlington. In 1920, it was assigned designated a state highway, and six years later, it was renamed US 34. In 1930, the highway became the first road to be fully paved across the state. By the 1950s, increased traffic and larger automobiles proved the original pavement inadequate, and the highway was straightened and widened to accommodate modern vehicles. Starting in the 1960s, parts of the route were expanded to four lanes; a section of controlled-access highway was built in Burlington and limited-access highway in Glenwood. In the 1990s and 2000s, the highway between Ottumwa and West Burlington was widened to four lanes as part of a project to improve the corridor between Des Moines and Burlington. (Full article...)

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Part of U.S. Route 40 Alternate in Garrett County

U.S. Route 40 Alternate is the U.S. Highway designation for a former segment of US 40 through Garrett and Allegany counties in Maryland. The highway begins at US 40 near exit 14 on Interstate 68 and runs 31.80 miles (51.18 km) eastward to Cumberland, where it ends at exit 44 on Interstate 68. The highway is known as Old National Pike because it follows the original alignment of the National Road. As the route of the historic National Road, there are many historic sites along Alt US 40, including the Casselman Bridge in Grantsville and the last remaining National Road toll gate house in Maryland, located in LaVale. When the National Freeway was built in western Maryland paralleling the old National Road, the part of the bypassed road between Keyser's Ridge and Cumberland became Alt US 40, and other bypassed sections east of Cumberland became Maryland Route 144 and U.S. Route 40 Scenic. Although Alt US 40 is now less important because of the construction of Interstate 68, it remains an important route for local traffic and serves as the Main Streets of Grantsville and Frostburg. (Full article...)

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Washington Street in 2012

Business US Highway 41 was a state trunkline highway and business loop off US 41/M-28 in Marquette, Michigan, along Washington and Front streets. These two streets originated with the founding of the city in the mid-19th century, and served the downtown area; the original city hall was built in 1895 on Washington Street. In 1910 the city started paving its streets, replacing wooden planks with asphalt; later that decade, Washington and Front streets were included in the state highway system. In 1926 they were included in the United States Numbered Highway System. When US 41/M-28 was moved to bypass the downtown in 1963, Washington and Front streets were redesignated as a business loop. The highway was also co-designated Business M-28 on state maps between 1975 and 1981, mirroring a similar business loop designation in the neighboring cities of Ishpeming and Negaunee. Jurisdiction over the two streets was transferred to the city as part of a highway swap that resulted in the decommissioning of the trunkline in 2005. (Full article...)

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Signage for the Veterans Memorial Highway in Ishpeming, Michigan

US Highway 41 is a part of the United States Numbered Highway System in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan that runs for 278.8 miles (448.7 km) before ending at a cul-de-sac east of Fort Wilkins State Park at Copper Harbor. It enters the state via the Interstate Bridge between Marinette, Wisconsin, and Menominee, Michigan. Most of the highway is listed on the National Highway System. Various sections are rural two-lane highway, urbanized four-lane divided expressway and the Copper Country Trail National Scenic Byway. US 41 passes through farm fields and forest lands and along the Lake Superior shoreline. The highway is included in the Lake Superior Circle Tour and the Lake Michigan Circle Tour, and it passes through the Hiawatha National Forest and the Keweenaw National Historical Park. US 41 was first designated as a US Highway in 1926. A section of the highway originally served as part of Military Road, a connection between Fort Wilkins and Fort Howard during the Civil War. Realignments and construction projects have expanded the highway to four lanes in Delta and Marquette counties and have created three business loops off the main highway. (Full article...)

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US 45 entering Paulding

US Highway 45 runs through the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, from the Wisconsin border near Watersmeet north to Ontonagon. US 45 extends south from Michigan to Mobile, Alabama, on the Gulf Coast. The Michigan segment, part of the state trunkline highway system maintained by the Michigan Department of Transportation, runs for approximately 55 miles (89 km) through the Ottawa National Forest, parallel to the Ontonagon River. In the 1930s, when the highway was extended into Michigan, it replaced sections of M-26 and M-35. An 8-mile (13 km) segment was significantly reconstructed in the late 1950s, and an alignment change in the 1970s moved the routing of US 45 near Rockland before it was reversed soon afterwards. A segment of roadway that formerly carried US 45 is the site of the Paulding Light, an intermittent reflection whose origins were scientifically described in 2010. (Full article...)

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US 50 stretching across the Nevada desert

U.S. Route 50 in Nevada runs from the resort communities of Lake Tahoe eastward to the Utah border near Great Basin National Park. Route 50 is a transcontinental highway that stretches from West Sacramento, California, to Ocean City, Maryland, on the east coast. The Nevada portion crosses several large desert valleys separated by alpine forestland, across the Basin and Range Province of the Great Basin. It passes through the state capital in Carson City as well as Fort Churchill State Historic Park, ghost towns and petroglyph sites. The route was constructed along a historic corridor, first used for the Pony Express and Central Overland Route and later for most of State Route 2 (before the U.S. Highway System) and the Lincoln Highway. U.S. Route 50 in Nevada was named "The Loneliest Road in America" by Life magazine in 1986; they were referring to large desolate areas with few or no signs of civilization along the route, but Nevada officials seized on the name as a marketing slogan. (Full article...)

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Northbound US 113 (Dupont Boulevard) past the intersection with Fitzgeralds Road/Johnson Road west of Lincoln, Delaware

U.S. Route 113 extends 75 miles (121 km) from US 13 in Pocomoke City, Maryland, north to Delaware Route 1 in Milford. The highway, which until 2003 reconnected with US 13 in Dover, Delaware, serves the Maryland towns of Snow Hill and Berlin and the Delaware towns of Selbyville, Millsboro, and Georgetown. It follows the corridor of a post road established in the late 18th century. The route was improved as an all-weather road in the 1910s. The Delaware portion of the route, including the former designation from Milford to Dover, was built by Thomas Coleman DuPont's company as the DuPont Highway, the first sections of which were completed on May 24, 1917. DuPont foresaw that traffic on highways would approach the speed and volume of railroads, so he designed the highway with a wide right of way and curves and grades adequate for high speed traffic. The DuPont Highway was one of the earliest roads built with bypasses, roads that passed close to towns but not directly through them. US 113 was widened and reconstructed in the 1930s and 1940s, including a bypass of Dover. The route was expanded to a divided highway starting in the 1950s. (Full article...)

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US 131 and M-6 interchange near Grand Rapids

US Highway 131 is a north–south U.S. Highway, of which all but 0.64 of its 269.96 miles (1.03 of 434.46 km) are within the state of Michigan. The highway starts in rural Indiana south of the state line connecting to the Indiana Toll Road. In Michigan it connects to the metropolitan areas of Kalamazoo and Grand Rapids before continuing north to its terminus at Petoskey. US 131 runs as a freeway from south of Portage through to Manton in the north. The highway forms an important corridor along the western side of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan, running through rural farm and forest lands as well as urban cityscapes. US 131 was created on November 11, 1926, in Michigan. Originally ending at Fife Lake on the north end, the highway was extended to Petoskey in the late 1930s. Further changes were made, starting in the 1950s, to convert segments of the road to a full freeway. The state started this conversion simultaneously at two locations: heading north from Three Rivers, and heading both north and south from a point in southern Kent County. A third segment was built south of Cadillac and over subsequent years Michigan filled the gaps in the freeway. Cadillac and Manton were bypassed in the early part of the 21st century, resulting in the current freeway configuration. (Full article...)

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US 141 in Beecher, Wisconsin

US Highway 141 is a north–south United States Numbered Highway that runs for about 169 miles (272 km) in the states of Wisconsin and Michigan. The highway runs north-northwesterly from Bellevue, Wisconsin, near Green Bay, to an intersection near Covington, Michigan. In between, it follows city streets in Green Bay and a freeway section north of that city. Most of the remainder of US 141 is a rural two-lane highway that crosses into Michigan, back into Wisconsin and then finally back into Michigan again. When the highway was created in 1926, its northernmost section in Michigan was numbered US 102, and US 141 extended farther south from Bellevue to Milwaukee. Two years later, US 141 was extended north into Michigan to replace US 102. Since then, parts of the highway have been converted to freeway; the highway has ended southeast of Green Bay in Bellevue since the 1980s—the southern segment was redesignated as I-43. (Full article...)

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A highway sign for U.S. Route 491/666

U.S. Route 491 is a north–south U.S. Highway serving the Four Corners region of the United States. One of the newest designations in the U.S. Highway System, it was created in 2003 as a renumbering of U.S. Route 666. With the 666 designation, this road was nicknamed Devil's Highway because of the common Christian belief that 666 is the Number of the Beast. This satanic connotation, combined with a high fatality rate along the New Mexico portion, convinced some people the highway was cursed. The problem was compounded with persistent sign theft. These factors led to two efforts to renumber the highway, by officials in Arizona and then in New Mexico. Since the renumbering, as a result of safety improvement projects, fatality rates have decreased. The highway runs through Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah, as well as the tribal nations of the Navajo Nation and Ute Mountain Ute Tribe. Features along the route include an extinct volcanic core named Shiprock, Mesa Verde National Park, and the self-proclaimed pinto-bean capital of the world, Dove Creek, Colorado. (Full article...)

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Utah State Route 128 approaching Drinks Canyon

State Route 128 is a state highway in the U.S. state of Utah. The road is part of the Utah Scenic Byways program, and also forms part of the Dinosaur Diamond Prehistoric Highway, a National Scenic Byway. Residents of Moab frequently refer to SR-128 as "the river road", after the Colorado River, which the highway follows. The highway was originally constructed to connect rural cities in eastern Utah with Grand Junction, Colorado, the largest city in the region. The highway was partially merged into the Utah state highway system in 1931; the rest was taken over by the state and assigned route number 128 in 1933. Today, the highway is used as a scenic drive for visitors to the area. The highway crosses the Colorado River at the site of the Dewey Bridge, listed on the National Register of Historic Places. This bridge was the longest suspension bridge in Utah until April 2008 when it was destroyed by a fire started by a child playing with matches. The future of the bridge is uncertain, with Grand County conducting a study to determine the feasibility of reconstructing it. (Full article...)

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Eastbound in Redmond, Washington

State Route 520 is a 13-mile (21 km) state highway and freeway in the Seattle metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Washington. Connecting Seattle to the Eastside region of King County across the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge on Lake Washington, it intersects Interstate 5 (I-5) in Seattle, I-405 in Bellevue, and SR 202 in Redmond. It was designated as a freeway in 1964, but was not fully constructed until the late 1970s. Increased traffic on the corridor, spurred in part by expansion of the Microsoft headquarters in Overlake, led to the addition of high-occupancy vehicle lanes and new interchanges in the 1990s. In April 2016, the original floating bridge was replaced by a wider one as part of a multibillion-dollar expansion program that is scheduled to be completed in the 2020s. The program includes the construction of a new bicycle and pedestrian path, bus stations, and interchanges. (Full article...)

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Lake City Way (SR 522) northbound in the commercial district of Lake City in Seattle

State Route 522 (SR 522) is a state highway in the U.S. state of Washington that serves the Seattle metropolitan area. Approximately 25 miles (40 km) long, it connects the city of Seattle to the northeastern suburbs of Kenmore, Bothell, Woodinville, and Monroe. Its western half is primarily an arterial street, named Lake City Way and Bothell Way, that follows the northern shore of Lake Washington; the eastern half is a grade-separated freeway that runs between Woodinville and Monroe. SR 522 connects several of the metropolitan area's major highways, including Interstate 5, Interstate 405, SR 9, and U.S. Route 2. The present day route of SR 522 was built in stages between 1907 and 1965, beginning with the Red Brick Road from Seattle to Bothell, then part of the Pacific Highway and later U.S. Route 99. Since the late 1990s, the SR 522 corridor between Woodinville and Monroe has been partially converted to a freeway to address safety concerns and a growing population. (Full article...)

Selected articles 92

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I-40 in the Pigeon River gorge

Interstate 40 in Tennessee runs from west to east, from the Mississippi River at the Arkansas border to the Blue Ridge Mountains at the North Carolina state line. At 455.28 miles (732.70 km), the Tennessee segment of I-40 is the longest of the eight states through which it passes and the state's longest Interstate Highway. Paralleling the older U.S. Route 70 corridor, I-40 passes through Tennessee's three largest cities—Memphis, Nashville, and Knoxville—and serves the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the most-visited national park in the U.S. Built in segments, I-40 in Tennessee was mostly complete by the late 1960s. The construction of the highway resulted in the U.S. Supreme Court decision, Citizens to Preserve Overton Park v. Volpe (1971), increasing the scope for judicial review of administrative actions, in this case the route I-40 would take through Memphis. The case caused the state to realign I-40's route onto what was originally a section of I-240. (Full article...)