Ontario Highway 412

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Highway 412

West Durham Link
Highway 412 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario
Length8.9 km[1][2] (5.5 mi)
  • Proposed 1990s
  • Opened June 20, 2016[3]
Major junctions
South end Highway 401 in Whitby
Major intersections Regional Highway 2
 Regional Road 4
 Highway 7
North end Highway 407 in Whitby
Highway system
Highway 410 Highway 413

King's Highway 412, or simply Highway 412, is a controlled-access highway and former tolled highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. The route is 8.9 km (5.5 mi) long, connecting Highway 401 with the eastern extension of Highway 407. The route lies entirely within Whitby in the Regional Municipality of Durham, travelling within one kilometre of the border between Whitby and Ajax and Pickering (Lake Ridge Road).

During planning, the route was known as the West Durham Link. Its designation as Highway 412, the first new 400-series designation in several decades, was confirmed along with Highway 418 on February 6, 2015.[4] Although initially planned to open in October 2015, the opening was delayed until June 20, 2016. Highway 412 opened alongside the extension of Highway 407 (Highway 407E) from Brock Road in Pickering to Harmony Road in Oshawa. The Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (MTO) thus decided to compensate for delays by waiving all tolls until February 1, 2017.[3] On April 5, 2022, Highway 412 became toll-free.[5]

Route description

Highway 7 passing westerly beneath the still under construction Highway 412 overpass, in June 2015

Highway 412 is an 8.9-kilometer (5.5 mi) four-lane highway extending from Highway 401 to Highway 407E, just north of Highway 7. The entire length of the route lies between Lakeridge Road and Coronation Road, within Whitby. At the southern end, the route begins at a three-way interchange with Highway 401, from which it proceeds north. It crosses Dundas Street (former Highway 2), where a partial interchange provides access to the north and from the south.[2]

North of Dundas Street, the route swerves westward onto the alignment of Halls Road and crosses Rossland Road; a future interchange is planned at this location. It continues north to an interchange with Taunton Road before diverging east from the Halls Road alignment to travel parallel between it and Coronation Road. The route crosses Highway 7 (Winchester Road), where a partial interchange provides southbound access and a northbound exit; a commuter carpool parking lot lay on the northwest corner. Immediately north of Highway 7, the route ends at a three-level interchange with Highway 407E, which is a toll route; ETC cameras are present along the onramps.[2] at this junction?


Highway 412 in Whitby, looking North, in September 2016.

The West Durham Link, as it was then known, was first presented to Whitby Council on February 10, 1992. It quickly drew the ire of local residents fearful of noise levels and the environmental effects on Lynde Creek.[6] However, the recession of the mid-1990s resulted in Highway 407 being truncated in Markham temporarily. Slightly revised plans for the links appeared on the June 2007 Technically Recommended Route Report for the extension of Highway 407 to Highway 35/115, which was submitted as part of the environmental assessment (EA) for the extension, but had been announced earlier that year on March 7 by the Government of Canada, as part of an investment in Greater Toronto Area infrastructure.[7]

The EA report was released on August 17, 2009, including detailed plans for the configuration of the interchanges along the new highway. The route would run parallel to and east of Lake Ridge Road, partially overlapping the current route of Halls Road and partially along a new alignment one lot to the east. Both Halls Road and Coronation Road will be re-aligned to accommodate the new highway. It would be six lanes throughout its length, with a concrete Ontario Tall Wall as a median.[2] Highway 412 will cut into Lynde Creek, a small waterway that flows out to Lake Ontario.

Construction on the new highway was underway by late 2013. As a prerequisite, the section of Highway 401 near the Lake Ridge Road overpass was shifted northward on a new alignment away from the parallel railway line to allow sufficient right-of-way for the interchange to the new highway.[8] On February 6, 2015, it was announced by the MTO that the West Durham Link would be designated Highway 412.[4] Whitby Town Council had recommended to the province the route be named after Jim Flaherty.[9]

Although initially expected to be completed on December 18, 2015, delays resulted in the opening being postponed until June 2016. The highway was opened, alongside Highway 407E between Brock Road in Pickering and Harmony Road in Oshawa, on June 20, 2016.[3][10]

To compensate for opening delays, tolls were waived until the end of January 2017.[11]

On February 18, 2022, the Government of Ontario announced that Highway 412 would become toll-free from April 5, 2022, together with Ontario Highway 418.[5]

Former tolling

White-on-blue toll shield with toll tab
Black-on white Highway 412 shield which will replace the blue toll version

From June 1, 2019 to April 5, 2022, the following tolls applied for motorists utilizing Highway 412,[12] which were permanently removed to become free-of-charge on the latter date.[5]

Time Period Duty Class
Light[12] Heavy[12] Heavy Multi-unit[12]
Peak (Weekdays)
(6am-10am and 3pm-7pm)
29.66 ¢/km 59.32 ¢/km 88.97 ¢/km
Midday (Weekdays)
23.52 ¢/km 47.04 ¢/km 70.57 ¢/km
Midday (Weekends & Holidays)
22.50 ¢/km 45.00 ¢/km 67.50 ¢/km
Off Peak (Weekdays)
19.43 ¢/km 38.86 ¢/km 58.29 ¢/km
Off Peak (Weekends & Holidays)
19.43 ¢/km 38.86 ¢/km 58.29 ¢/km
  • Same toll rates of Highway 407E were applied here.
  • All end times displayed were rounded up to the nearest minute for simplicity purposes (i.e. 6 am is actually 5:59:59 am)
  • The toll rate that applied to a specific trip was determined by the time at which a vehicle enters the highway and the cumulative distance traveled on both Highways 412 and 407E.
  • Users of both 407 ETR and Highways 407E/412/418 only received one bill invoice, with trips on each highway specified.[13]
  • 407 ETR Transponders were compatible with Highways 407E, 412, and later 418.[13]
  • Heavy goods vehicles and lorries were assessed a minimum toll regardless of the length of their trip.
  • Light vehicles without transponders were usually assessed an additional Video Toll.
  • Vehicles weighing over 5,000 kilograms were divided into two categories: Heavy Single Units and Heavy Multiple Units. Heavy Multiple Unit Vehicles were charged two or three time the passenger rate, depending on the size of the vehicle.[12]
  • All Heavy Unit vehicles were legally required to have transponders in order to use the highways; offenders were penalized under the Highway Traffic Act.

Exit list

The following are the exits listed in the 407 East Environmental Assessment Report. Lengths are approximated with Google Maps. The entire route lies within Whitby in the Regional Municipality of Durham.[1][2] 

0.00.0 Highway 401 – Kingston, TorontoHighway 401 exit 408
0.71.11 Regional Highway 2 (Dundas Street)Northbound entrance and southbound exit; formerly Highway 2
2.33.73Rossland Road WestPlanned interchange[14]
3.86.15 Regional Road 4 (Taunton Road)Partial cloverleaf interchange
8.012.99 Highway 7 (Winchester Road)Northbound exit and southbound entrance
8.914.3 Highway 407 – Toronto, PeterboroughHighway 407 exit 112
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi


  1. ^ a b Google (April 24, 2020). "Ontario Highway 412" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Exhibit 8.7". 407 East Environmental Assessment Report (PDF) (Report). Government of Ontario. August 17, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 15, 2016. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Javed, Noor (June 20, 2016). "407 East to Give Drivers a Free Ride—For Now". Toronto Star. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  4. ^ a b "New Highway Numbers". Highway 407 East. Archived from the original on April 19, 2015. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Yelich, Ivana; Brasier, Dakota; Ikotun, Simisola (February 18, 2022). "Ontario Government Removing Tolls on Highways 412 and 418" (Press release). Office of the Premier. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  6. ^ Hill, Valerie (March 5, 1992). "Residents Fighting 407 Link in Whitby". The Toronto Star. p. SD3.
  7. ^ "Canada's New Government Announces Investment to Cut Commute Times, Clear the Air and Drive the Economy in the Greater Toronto Area". Office of the Prime Minister. March 6, 2007. Archived from the original on February 19, 2010. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
  8. ^ Planning/Public Works Joint Report (June 9, 2008). Highway 407 East Extension (Brock Road to Highway 35/115) Environmental Assessment, Technically Recommended Route - Preliminary Design (Report). Town of Whitby. p. 14. Retrieved March 28, 2022.
  9. ^ Pessian, Parvaneh (January 29, 2015). "New Whitby highway could be named after Jim Flaherty". DurhamRegion.com. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  10. ^ Kevin Gilligan. "Opening of Hwy. 407 expansion through Oshawa delayed until 2016". Oshawa This Week. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
  11. ^ "Tolling Rates on Highway 407 and Highway 412".
  12. ^ a b c d e "Major highway projects: Toll Rates". Ontario Ministry of Transportation (MTO). July 7, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  13. ^ a b "Tolling". Highway 407 East. 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  14. ^ "Highway 407 East: Design, Phase 1". 407 East Development Group. Archived from the original on July 7, 2016. Retrieved June 18, 2016.

External links