Ontario Highway 403

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Highway 403

  • Chedoke Expressway
  • Alexander Graham Bell Parkway
Highway 403 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario
Length125.2 km[1] (77.8 mi)
  • Proposed 1950s
  • Opened December 1, 1963[2]
  • Completed August 15, 1997[3]
Major junctions
West end Highway 401 near Woodstock
Major intersections
East end Highway 401 in Mississauga
RegionsBrant, Halton, Peel
Major citiesWoodstock, Brantford, Hamilton, Burlington, Oakville, Mississauga
Highway system
Highway 402 Highway 404

King's Highway 403 (pronounced "four-oh-three"), or simply Highway 403, is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario that travels between Woodstock and Mississauga, branching off from and reuniting with Highway 401 at both ends and travelling south of it through Hamilton (where it is also known as the Chedoke Expressway) and Mississauga. It is concurrent with the Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW) for 22 km (14 mi) from Burlington to Oakville. The Highway 403 designation was first applied in 1963 to a short stub of freeway branching off the QEW, and the entire route was completed on August 15, 1997, when the section from Brantford to the then-still independent Town of Ancaster was opened to traffic. The section of Highway 403 between Woodstock and Burlington was formally dedicated as the Alexander Graham Bell Parkway on April 27, 2016, in honour of Alexander Graham Bell.

The majority of Highway 403 is surrounded by suburban land use, except west of Hamilton, where it passes through agricultural land; Brantford is the only urban area through this section. In Hamilton, Highway 403 descends the Niagara Escarpment, then wraps around the northern side of Hamilton Harbour to encounter the QEW. From there, co-signed with the QEW, it travels straight through Burlington and Oakville, departing from the QEW to the north at the Mississauga–Oakville boundary. The freeway then crosses through the centre of Mississauga in an east–west direction, serving its city centre. Turning north, Highway 403 splits up into a collector-express system, with the express lanes defaulting to Highway 401 east of that interchange, while the collector lanes thereafter continues north as Highway 410 to Brampton.

Route description

Woodstock to Burlington

Highway 403 begins at a junction with Highway 401 on the outskirts of Woodstock. The eastbound lanes split from eastbound Highway 401, whereas the westbound lanes merge into westbound Highway 401.[4] It travels along the back lot lines of the second concession south of former Highway 2.[5] This first section of the highway is also the least travelled portion, with approximately 20,900 vehicles using it on an average day in 2016.[1] The highway passes beneath Oxford County Road 55 (formerly Highway 53) and curves southeast. After crossing into the third concession, it curves back to the east. The highway travels straight for several kilometres, meeting with the southern leg of Highway 24, which travels south to Simcoe.[4]

The highway crosses the Grand River to the south of Paris, then passes over former Highway 2 as it enters Brantford. As it passes through Brantford, the highway angles southeast and passes beneath the northern leg of Highway 24 and then the Wayne Gretzky Parkway. The route exits the small city to the east and curves northeast shortly thereafter.[4] It travels between Jerseyville Road and former Highway 2 to Ancaster, jogging to avoid cutting through Dunmark Lake. As the freeway enters Ancaster, it once again crosses former Highway 2 and dips through the southern side of the town.[4]

Highway 403 and former Highway 2 / 53 south of Jerseyville

East of Ancaster, the freeway passes through a short greenbelt, with Hamilton Golf and Country Club lying to the north. A divided segment of Highway 6 meets the freeway and continues concurrently with it through Hamilton; to the south, Highway 6 travels to Hamilton International Airport, Caledonia, and Jarvis at Highway 3.[4] Continuing east, Highway 403 and Highway 6 curve north into Hamilton and meet the Lincoln M. Alexander Parkway before abruptly turning to the east and descending the Niagara Escarpment. Scenic views of Hamilton, its harbour, port and Lower Princess Falls are along this steep descent. At the bottom of the escarpment the highway travels through a narrow, heavily developed corridor alongside former Highway 8. It passes beneath multiple bridges in a depressed trench, eventually curving north at a sharp corner and passing beneath more bridges.[4] This section features a reduced speed limit of 90 km/h (56 mph) as opposed to 100 km/h (62 mph).[6] The highway returns to ground level alongside the Chedoke Creek, a now-channelized river from which the freeway may take its name.[7]

As the freeway continues north, it crosses an isthmus between Hamilton Harbour and Cootes Paradise alongside several roads which it has served to replace. It circles around the northern shore of Hamilton Harbour and returns to an eastward orientation.[5] The concurrency with Highway 6 ends at an interchange where Highway 403 continues east and Highway 6 departs north towards Guelph. The freeway continues straight for several kilometres, passing by the Burlington Transmission Station, until it approaches the Freeman Interchange where the opposing carriageways split apart to accommodate the left-hand exit/entry of the flyover ramps marking the western terminus of Highway 407, then it merges with Queen Elizabeth Way.[4]

Burlington to Mississauga

Highway 403's collector-express system, just south of the interchange with Highways 401 and 410 in Mississauga.
Highway 403 and the Queen Elizabeth Way converge at the Freeman Interchange in Burlington. Highway 407 ETR also begins at this junction.

Highway 403 travels concurrently with the QEW for 22.6 km (14.0 mi) between the Freeman Interchange and Oakville, a straight section surrounded almost entirely by commercial units and warehouses.[1][5] At the Ford Assembly Plant near the HaltonPeel regional boundary, Highway 403 branches off from the QEW as it crosses Ford Drive (Halton Regional Road 13), with the eastbound lanes diving under the QEW and Upper Middle Road before reuniting with the westbound carriageway. After running north–south for 5 km (3.1 mi) along the western edge of Mississauga, Highway 403 meets with Highway 407 again at a combination interchange where the two freeways curve 90 degrees to avoid crossing each other. Approaching this junction Highway 403 westbound traffic defaults onto Highway 407 so motorists have to continue on Highway 403 via a semi-directional flyover that arcs from the west to the south. This north–south segment of Highway 403 was originally planned as a temporary routing to be bypassed by a new direct Oakville-Burlington link; but in 1995 this routing became permanently part of Highway 403 when the proposed link instead became part of Highway 407.[8]

Highway 407 continues to the north and west, while Highway 403 turns east to follow alongside a hydro corridor through the centre of Mississauga.[4] A portion of the Mississauga Transitway express bus service utilizes the freeway's right shoulders between Erin Mills Parkway and Mavis Road.[9] Between Highway 407 and Highway 401, high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes are present in the left shoulder lanes for vehicles with at least one passenger.[10] Sandwiched between residential subdivisions on both sides, the freeway soon thereafter crosses the Credit River.[5] On the other side of the river, between the interchanges with Mavis Road and Hurontario Street (formerly Highway 10), Highway 403 skirts to the north of downtown Mississauga, as well as the Square One Shopping Centre.[5]

After a split with Eastgate Parkway, the freeway abruptly curves to the north. As the curve straightens, Cawthra Road's lanes converge with the freeway to form a collector-express system as it approaches the interchange with Eglinton Avenue, while the eastbound express-to-collector transfer also marks the start of another HOV lane.[5] The portion of the highway between Hurontario Street and Eglinton Avenue is the busiest along the route, with approximately 180,000 vehicles travelling it on an average day in 2016.[1]

After crossing Matheson Boulevard, the freeway's central HOV lanes terminate and merge with the express lanes. The freeway then approaches a sprawling interchange, with the express lanes curving east and defaulting to Highway 401's express lanes east of that junction, while the collector lanes (including its HOV lane) pass under several sets of flyovers and thereafter continues north as Highway 410 to Brampton. The freeway's collector lanes also have connecting ramps to both directions of Highway 401's collector lanes.[4]


Highway 403 at the Wilson Street (former Highway 2) interchange in Ancaster

Though one of the first divided highways conceived for Ontario,[11] Highway 403 is one of the most recently completed freeways in the province; the multiple segments of the route did not become continuous until 2002.[12] Planning for the route was underway by 1958, with the completion of the Freeman Bypass along the QEW providing a three-legged junction for the new freeway.[13][14] Sections of Highway 403 through Hamilton opened between December 1963 and September 1969.[15] An isolated section known as the Brantford Bypass was opened in October 1966,[2] and would remain unconnected to other freeways for over 20 years.[16] Plans for a third segment through Mississauga were contemplated throughout the 1960s,[17][18] but were not finalized until late 1977, after which construction began.[19] Portions opened at both ends in 1980 and 1981,[20][21] while the central gap, crossing the Credit River, was completed in December 1982.[22]

Construction to bridge the gaps in Highway 403 between Ancaster and Woodstock was carried out over three major phases. The first phase was a short extension of the Brantford Bypass beginning in 1975.[23] Later, work began to connect that extension with Highway 401 near Woodstock, opening in 1988.[24] The last phase, between Ancaster and Brantford, was opened in 1997.[3] The final discontinuity, between Burlington and Oakville, was signed as a concurrency with the QEW in 2002.[12] Originally, this section was to have travelled along the corridor occupied by Highway 407, until budget shortfalls in 1995 resulted in a change of plans.[25]


Highway 2 near Woodstock was widened into a divided four lane highway by 1936 and is one of the precursors to Highway 403.

The corridor that connects London and Hamilton has always been considered important to Ontario. In late October 1793, Captain Smith and 100 Queen's Rangers returned from carving The Governor's Road (Dundas Street) 32 km (20 mi) through the thick forests between Dundas and the present location of Paris. John Graves Simcoe was tasked with defending Upper Canada from the United States following the American Revolution and with opening the virgin territory to settlement. After establishing a "temporary" capital at York, Simcoe ordered an inland route constructed between Cootes Paradise at the tip of Lake Ontario and his proposed capital of London. By the spring of 1794, the road was extended as far as La Tranche, now the Thames River. Today, most of this route forms part of former Highway 2 and former Highway 5.[26]

The paving of the divided four-lane Middle Road, with gentle curves, a grass median, and grade-separated interchanges, would set the stage for the freeway concept. It was the first intercity freeway in North America when it opened in June 1939.[27] Thomas McQuesten, the new minister of the Department of Highways and the man most responsible for the Middle Road, decided to apply the concept to sections of Highway 2 plagued with congestion. A portion east of Woodstock was rebuilt in this fashion, but World War II would put an end to McQuesten's ambitions, at least temporarily.[11]

Initial construction

Highway 403 in Hamilton at the bottom of the Niagara Escarpment

The end of the Korean War in 1953 heralded the resumption of freeway construction in Ontario; the advances in machinery more than made up for lost time.[11] The construction of Highway 401 across the province took first priority. However, the opening of the section of Highway 401 from Highway 4 near London to Highway 2 east of Woodstock on May 31, 1957 would complete part of the route required between London and Hamilton.[28] By 1958, planning on the Chedoke Expressway, or Controlled Access Highway 403, was well underway,[13] though plans for a four-lane freeway between Woodstock and Hamilton existed as early as 1954.[29] The opening of the Freeman Bypass of the QEW in August 1958 provided a connection point for a new freeway,[14] and construction began the same day that the Burlington Bay James N. Allan Skyway opened: October 31, 1958.[30] Highway 403 between Longwood Road (Highway 2) and the QEW was opened to traffic on December 1, 1963 at a length of 9.0 km (5.6 mi).[2] Work was already underway on the next section of the route that would extend it to Aberdeen Avenue.[31] That section opened on July 9, 1965, extending the freeway by 3.7 km (2.3 mi).[2]

Meanwhile, to the west, work had begun on a bypass of Brantford. The new freeway passed north of the city between Paris Road in the west and the junction of Highway 2 and Highway 53 in the east, a distance of 10.3 km (6.4 mi); it opened October 31, 1966.[2] A portion of the Brantford Bypass was itself bypassed in 1997 when the final section of Highway 403 was completed and is known as Garden Avenue.[32] However, the Brantford Bypass would remain an isolated section of Highway 403 for over 20 years.[16]

In Hamilton, work was underway on an extension of the Chedoke Expressway to Mohawk Road, crossing the Niagara Escarpment. This tedious project, which required extensive rock blasting, was soon accompanied by construction from Mohawk Road to Highway 2 near Ancaster. Both projects were completed together and originally scheduled to be opened with a ribbon-cutting ceremony on August 22, 1969.[33] However, local residents complained the new section lacked any barriers preventing children from wandering onto the highway, postponing the ceremony until August 27 as temporary snow fencing was erected. This proved inadequate, and protests grew more vocal over the following week. Several petitions were presented to Deputy Highway Minister H. Howden on August 26, and the ceremonies were cancelled.[34] Over the following week, Minister of Highways George Gomme met with residents and reached a compromise whereby a 24-hour patrol was established to watch for children until a proper fence could be constructed. The route was opened on September 3, without any ceremony.[35] This completed the Hamilton section of Highway 403.[15]


Highway 403 and QEW interchange in Oakville prior to reconstruction that commenced in 2016; the Ford Motor Assembly Plant is visible in the distance

Planning for the segment of Highway 403 through Mississauga dates to the late 1950s when the Hamilton Expressway appeared on the Metropolitan Toronto's regional transportation plan. It was to be a continuation of the Richview Expressway, which was ultimately never built, continuing from Toronto to Hamilton.[17] The plan featured the expressway's eastern terminus at the Highway 401 and Highway 427 interchange. As Toronto's anti-expressway movement gained momentum, provincial plans shifted the Hamilton Expressway to the west near Etobicoke Creek. In 1962, the right-of-way alongside the hydro corridor between Burlington and Etobicoke Creek was protected after traffic studies indicated the need for a future freeway.[18] On May 25, 1965, the Department of Highways unveiled the Toronto Region Western Section Highway Planning Study. The plan designated Highway 403 north from Burlington and then parallel with the QEW to Highway 401 near Highway 27.[36]

By the time construction was actually underway, plans had been completely modified to connect the overburdened QEW at Oakville with Highway 401 at the new Highway 410 interchange.[37] This interchange was a better connection point for Highway 403, but would also require the widening of Highway 401 from six lanes to twelve. Plans were submitted and approved in December 1977 by Mississauga city council, and construction began.[19]

The new freeway opened in sections during the early 1980s. The first section between Cawthra Road and Highway 401 was opened August 18, 1980.[20] This was followed by a short section from Highway 5 (Dundas Street) south to the QEW at Ford Drive, which opened in mid-1981, with a further extension to Erin Mills Parkway opening on November 17th of that year.[21] The final section to be opened took the longest to complete, involving construction of two bridges over the Credit River valley; it opened on December 2, 1982. The cost of the entire 22 km (13.7 mi) Mississauga segment was $87 million.[22]

Around the same period, the Ministry of Transportation began to study upgrading Highway 401 to a collector–express system between Renforth Drive and Highway 403, and along Highway 403 between Highway 401 and Highway 10 (Hurontario Street).[38] This took place between late 1982 and the summer of 1985; the existing outermost ramps from Highway 403 to Highway 401 eastbound were re-designated to serve collector traffic, as a pair of flyover ramps were added inside the interchange to serve motorists in the express lanes.[39][40]

The right-of-way originally intended for Highway 403 between Cawthra Road and Etobicoke Creek was eventually used for a controlled-access arterial extension called Eastgate Parkway, which was planned beginning in 1982.[38][41] The extension was built between 1988 and 1994, incorporating a portion of Fieldgate Drive at the eastern end.[42] The first section, between Cawthra Road and Dixie Road, opened in early 1991.[43] This was followed several years later by the section from Dixie Road to Eglinton Avenue that opened in late 1994.[44]

In 1990 construction was underway on the planned but not-yet-built parts of the Highway 401-403-410 interchange, alongside the widening of Highway 410 into a full freeway, and the further expansion of Highway 401's collector-express system. At the time traffic from both freeways was forced onto eastbound Highway 401. Two semi-directional flyover ramps were built, for the Highway 401 eastbound to Highway 410 northbound movement, and the Highway 410 southbound to Highway 401 eastbound movement, the latter which replaced an existing loop ramp.[45][46] The removal of that loop ramp, as well as completion of the new flyovers in the interchange, would free up space for connections between Highway 403 and Highway 410 whose construction started in December 1991.[47] The 2.2 km (1.4 mi) link opened on November 2, 1992 at a cost of $7.3 million.[48]

Bridging the gaps

Highway 403 eastbound at the Grand River bridge near Brantford. The stretch between Woodstock and Hamilton was rehabilitated in 2011, which included installing central guardrails and paved shoulders.

In 1975, construction began on a westward extension of the Brantford Bypass, from Highway 2 (Paris Road) to Rest Acres Road, which would become Highway 24. This work consisted of the twin bridges over the Grand River and an interchange at Rest Acres Road. The Canadian National Railway underpass west of Highway 2 was built by the railway.[23] By the beginning of 1978, this work was completed.[49] Work resumed west of Highway 24 in early 1982 to connect with Highway 401 near Woodstock to relieve the high traffic volumes along Highway 2.[50] This included interchanges at Brant County Road 25 and Highway 53.[40] A section from Highway 24 to County Road 25 was opened in November 1984,[24] followed by the section west of there to Highway 53 one year later.[51] Construction of the gap between Highway 53 and Highway 401 began in late 1985,[52] followed by the Highway 401 overpass for the westbound lanes, which began in 1987.[16] Transportation minister Ed Fulton ceremoniously opened the new freeway connection on September 26, 1988, completing the Woodstock to Brantford link.[24]

Highway 403 was briefly left with three discontinuous sections: Woodstock–Brantford, Ancaster–Burlington, and Oakville–Mississauga. Between Brantford and Ancaster, traffic was defaulted onto Highway 2, a four-lane road with numerous private driveways and at-grade intersections. On March 24, 1987, Chris Ward, MPP for Wentworth North announced that construction of the missing link between Brantford and Ancaster would begin in 1989.[53] Construction began in mid-1990. It included interchanges at Garden Avenue, Highway 52 and Highway 2.[54] A continuous construction program was carried out over the next seven years, with the link opening on August 15, 1997.[3] Highway 2, which was the only parallel route before the completion of Highway 403, was subsequently downloaded to regional jurisdiction.[55]

The eastern terminus of Highway 403 in Mississauga, feeding into the collector and express lanes of Highway 401


Though some officials considered Highway 403 to be a perfect example of a freeway construction process, it was not built without its share of controversy.[18] In addition to the previously mentioned issues that occurred in 1969, portions of the freeway through Mississauga were built alongside established communities, leading to angry homeowners' associations pressuring the province for noise mitigation measures and compensation.[18][56]

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Mississauga section of Highway 403 was the site of more than two dozen fatal accidents over a five-year period, one of the highest rates in North America at the time, despite being up to modern road standards. This led Peel Regional Police and the media to nickname it the "Death Highway."[57][58] In particular, the stretch from Mavis Road to Erin Mills Parkway has been the site of numerous accidents. In this section, Highway 403 features a downward slope as motorists head eastbound towards the Mavis Road interchange; drivers complain of having to slam on the brakes when traffic comes to a standstill, leading to rear-end collisions. There is also glare from the sun that causes vision problems throughout the day.[59]

Recent construction

The Hamilton-Brantford and Mississauga sections of Highway 403 were eventually planned to be linked up via an east–west extension that would run parallel to the QEW, as the current north–south routing of Highway 403 along the Mississauga-Oakville boundary to end at the QEW was intended to be temporary and eventually assumed by the proposed Highway 407. The interchange between Highway 403 and Highway 407 near Ninth Line was partially completed, allowing Highway 403 access to a temporary east–west connector to Trafalgar Road (Halton Regional Road 3).[60] However, the Bob Rae government altered these plans in 1995 due to budgetary constraints.[25] It was also announced the Mississauga section of Highway 403 would be renumbered as Highway 410,[61] although this was not done. Instead, Highway 403 was signed concurrently along the Queen Elizabeth Way in 2002, remedying the discontinuity.[12] On September 4, 1998, Highway 407 opened between Highway 401 and Highway 403, and by the middle of 2001 access was added to the Burlington–Oakville segment of Highway 407 previously intended to be part of Highway 403.[62]

The Highway 401-403-410 interchange looking east in 1987. Before 1990, Highway 403 was not connected with Highway 410, as the latter existed as a super two north of Highway 401
The interchange in 2013, looking north

In early 2001, high-mast lighting added to the unlighted Mississauga section between Highway 407 and Eastgate Parkway.[63] The lighting masts are placed between the westbound carriageway and hydro corridor, rather than in the median like most other provincial freeways. In 2003, the right shoulders between Erin Mills Parkway and Mavis Road were widened for GO Transit and Mississauga Transit to run express bus service.[9] These projects preceded the widening of Highway 403 between Highway 407 and Highway 401/410, through which a high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lane was added in each direction; the project started on September 29, 2003 [64] and was completed and opened on December 13, 2005.[65][66] The HOV lanes and the dividing Ontario Tall Wall concrete barrier were constructed using the existing right-of-way provided by the grass median.[67][68] Metrolinx began construction of the Mississauga Transitway West between Winston Churchill Boulevard and Erin Mills Parkway[69] in October 2013, including realignment of hydro towers and new bus-only lanes crossing the existing ramps on the north side of Highway 403's interchange with Winston Churchill Boulevard, which was completed on December 31, 2016.[70]

Land was reserved at the Highway 401/403/410 junction for a loop ramp from Highway 403 eastbound to Highway 401 westbound, and a directional ramp for the opposite movement, however as a prerequisite Highway 401 first had to be widened west of this interchange.[71] The existing underpasses for the Highway 403 to Highway 410 link have sufficient right-of-way to accommodate the addition of a new HOV lane to the Highway 403 eastbound collectors that would tie into the expanded Highway 410, as well as the approach to the loop ramp to Highway 401 westbound. Construction commenced on these ramps by 2017.[72][73] The construction was completed in November 2018, allowing for full access in all directions between both freeways.[74]

Highway 403 between Woodstock and Burlington was formally dedicated as the Alexander Graham Bell Parkway on April 27, 2016.[75]

Improvements were made to the bottlenecked Highway 403/QEW/Ford Drive interchange in Oakville. Since 2017, traffic using the existing loop ramp in the NE corner to access Highway 403/QEW was directed onto a new overpass instead of sharing the existing overpass with westbound Highway 403 traffic. The existing bridges carrying QEW traffic across Ford Drive and the eastbound ramp to Highway 403 were demolished and replaced by new wider structures which can accommodate future HOV lanes and high-mast lighting.[76][77] At the present Highway 403 only connects to the QEW west of the interchange, but a new set of flyover ramps are being proposed from Highway 403 to the QEW east of that junction using the existing right-of-way which would allow for a direct freeway connection from Milton to south Mississauga.[78]

A skyline of tall buildings viewed from an overpass of a freeway
Highway 403 looking west, while passing north of Downtown Mississauga, as seen atop the Hurontario Street overpass. Construction of the flyover for the Hurontario LRT is underway.

The 2017 initial design of the Hurontario LRT line had it occupying the centre median of Hurontario Street including the existing bridge crossing Highway 403. At the southern approach to the bridge, there would be a junction for an LRT branch to the Mississauga City Centre, and the junction would have crossed the southbound traffic lanes of Hurontario Street and a Highway 403 exit ramp at grade.[79] However studies showed that this initial LRT route would seriously impact vehicular traffic at the Highway 403-Hurontario interchange.[80] A revised 2021 route proposes that the LRT cross Highway 403 on its own elevated guideway to the west of Hurontario Street overpass.[81]

There are preliminary proposals for adding HOV lanes to Highway 403 within Burlington, alongside a proposal to modify the Freeman Interchange.[82]

Exit list

The following table lists the major junctions along Highway 403, as noted by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario.[1] 

OxfordNorwich0.00.0 Highway 401 west – LondonWestern terminus of Highway 403; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
5.48.76 County Road 55Eastwood, CathcartFormerly Highway 53
BrantBrant15.324.616 County Road 25Burford, Princeton
26.743.027 Highway 24 south – Simcoe
Rest Acres Road – Paris
Western end of Highway 24 concurrency
Brantford30.248.630 County Road 27
Oak Park Road
Module:Jctint/CAN warning: Unused argument(s): municipality
33.153.333 County Road 2 (Paris Road)Formerly Highway 2
35.757.536 Highway 24 north (King George Road) – Cambridge
Brantford General Hospital
Eastern end of Highway 24 concurrency; formerly Highway 24A south
38.361.638Wayne Gretzky Parkway
40.765.541Garden Avenue Cainsville
Hamilton55.288.855Regional Road 52 (Trinity Road) – Copetown
Module:Jctint/CAN warning: Unused argument(s): municipality
58.594.158Wilson StreetFormerly Highway 2
60.397.060Regional Road 16 (Fiddler's Green Road)Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
61.498.861 Highway 6 south, Hamilton International Airport
Garner Road
Western end of Highway 6 concurrency
64.3103.564Lincoln M. Alexander Parkway
Rousseaux Street
Rousseaux St. was formerly a part of Mohawk Road; Rousseaux St. is a westbound exit and eastbound entrance
69.1111.269Aberdeen Avenue
70.5113.570Main StreetFormerly Highway 8; entrance ramps from nearby King St.
72.8117.273York BoulevardWestbound exit and eastbound exit; formerly Highway 6 south
74.2119.474 Highway 6 north – GuelphEastern end of Highway 6 concurrency
HaltonBurlington77.5124.778Waterdown RoadOriginally designed only with an eastbound exit and westbound entrance; full interchange opened on November 1, 2010[83]
80.6129.780 407 ETR eastEastbound exit and westbound entrance
Highway 403 assumes exit numbers of QEW
81.7131.5100 Queen Elizabeth WaySt. Catharines, Niagara Falls, Buffalo (U.S.A)
Joseph Brant Hospital
Western end of QEW concurrency
82.5132.8101 Regional Road 18 (Brant Street)Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
84.4135.8102 Regional Road 1 (Guelph Line)
86.4139.0105Walkers Line
88.5142.4107 Regional Road 20 (Appleby Line)
90.5145.6109 Regional Road 21 (Burloak Drive)
92.1148.2110Service RoadAccess removed in 2008 to accommodate widening of the QEW
92.5148.9111 Regional Road 25 (Bronte Road) – MiltonFormerly Highway 25
94.6152.21133rd Line
Oakville-Trafalgar Memorial Hospital
97.7157.2116 Regional Road 17 (Dorval Drive)
117Kerr StreetWestbound exit only
98.8159.0118 Regional Road 3 (Trafalgar Road)
101.2162.9119Royal Windsor DriveEastbound exit and westbound entrance; formerly Highway 122
104.3167.9123 Queen Elizabeth Way east – Toronto (Downtown)Eastern end of QEW concurrency; Highway 403 exits mainline
Highway 403 exit numbers resume
104 Regional Road 13 (Ford Drive)Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Upper Middle Drive EastWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
106.3171.1106 Regional Road 5 (Dundas Street)
109.4176.1109 407 ETR
111.4179.3111Winston Churchill Boulevard
112.4180.9112 Regional Road 1 (Erin Mills Parkway)
Credit Valley Hospital
117.6189.3117Mavis Road, Centre View Drive
119.7192.6119Hurontario Street
Mississauga Hospital
Formerly Highway 10
120.8194.4121 Regional Road 17 (Cawthra Road)
Eastgate Parkway
122.4197.0122Eglinton AvenueEastbound exit is via Exit 121
Highway 401 – London, Toronto, Toronto Pearson International Airport
 Highway 410 north – Brampton
Exit to westbound Highway 401 opened in 2018; eastern terminus of Highway 403; continues north as Highway 410
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
The escarpment is heavily treed, but behind the highway, which rises from the left to the right, large limestone rock outcroppings stand several metres tall.
Highway 403 descends the Niagara Escarpment in Hamilton



  1. ^ a b c d e Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (2010). "Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT) counts". Government of Ontario. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved February 26, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e Ontario Department of Highways 1970, p. 11
  3. ^ a b c "Highway 403 Extension Opens Friday". Toronto Star. August 15, 1997. Retrieved June 28, 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ontario Back Road Atlas (Map). Cartography by MapArt. Peter Heiler Ltd. 2010. ISBN 978-1-55198-226-7.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Google (December 10, 2011). "Highway 403: Length and Route" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
  6. ^ "Highway 27 Interchange Fully in Service". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. December 4, 1971. p. 5.
  7. ^ Hughes, Rick (September 11, 1999). "Hwy. 403 Hill Used to Argue Both Sides of Red Hill Case". The Spectator. Hamilton, Ontario. p. A8.
  8. ^ Boyle, Theresa (April 1, 1995). "Rae Announces 407 Extension". Toronto Star. p. A12. Rae also announced yesterday that the province will ask for private-sector proposals to design and construct the Burlington–Oakville link of Highway 403 as part of Highway 407.
  9. ^ a b "Backgrounder on Mississauga's BRT". City of Mississauga. March 2007. Retrieved January 14, 2012.
  10. ^ Staff (June 26, 2006). "OPP Cracks Down on HOV Lane Abusers". CityNews.ca. Rogers Communications. Archived from the original on January 30, 2010. Retrieved December 15, 2011.
  11. ^ a b c Shragge, John G. (2007). "Highway 401: The Story". Archived from the original on March 28, 2008. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
  12. ^ a b c "Signs of the Times". Milestones. Ontario Good Roads Association. 2 (1): 26, 31. February 2002. Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
  13. ^ a b Annual Report for the Fiscal Year (Report). Ontario Department of Highways. March 31, 1958. Retrieved July 25, 2010.
  14. ^ a b Ontario Department of Highways 1970, p. 10
  15. ^ a b A.T.C. McNab (1969). "Ontario". Proceedings of The... Convention. Canadian Good Roads Association: 64.
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  17. ^ a b Toronto transportation plan, 1959
  18. ^ a b c d Ward, Brace (January 4, 1981). "403: A Trouble-Free Way". Toronto Star. p. A16. It was designated in 1962, when traffic studies showed that additional "freeway capacity" would be required to handle traffic volumes between Hamilton and Toronto.
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  20. ^ a b "New Highway Opens". Toronto Daily Star. August 18, 1980. p. A13. A new 3.6-kilometre stretch of Highway 403 was to be opened to traffic this morning, as part of a plan to divert traffic from the Queen Elizabeth Way through Mississauga. The new section will run from Highway 401 southbound to the Eglinton-Cawthra Rd. interchange.
  21. ^ a b Dexter, Brian (November 17, 1981). "Highway 403 Section Open to Traffic Today". Toronto Star. p. A18. It runs west from Erin Mills Parkway north of Burnhamthorpe Road, to Highway 5 in Oakville, where a spur to the Queen Elizabeth Way at Ford Drive has been used by traffic for several months.
  22. ^ a b "$87 Million Highway 403 Complete As Last Leg Opens". Toronto Star. December 2, 1982. p. A18.
  23. ^ a b Construction Program. Ministry of Transportation and Communications. 1976–1977. p. XII.
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  25. ^ a b Boyle, Theresa (April 1, 1995). "Rae Announces 407 Extension". Toronto Star. p. A12. Rae also announced yesterday that the province will ask for private-sector proposals to design and construct the Burlington–Oakville link of Highway 403 as part of Highway 407.
  26. ^ Shragge & Bagnato 1984, p. 11
  27. ^ Stamp 1987, p. 12
  28. ^ Ministry of Transportation and Communications pp. 8–9
  29. ^ Canadian Press (July 9, 1954). "4-Lane Road Start Seen". The Ottawa Citizen. p. 2. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
  30. ^ "Skyway is Crowded Moment it Opens, Tolls Start Nov. 10". Toronto Star. October 31, 1958. p. 25.
  31. ^ Ontario Road Map (Map). Cartography by C.P. Robins. Ontario Department of Highways. 1962. § R35–S35.
  32. ^ Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (April 1, 1989). "Provincial Highways Distance Table". Provincial Highways Distance Table: King's Secondary Highways and Tertiary Roads. Government of Ontario: 95–96. ISSN 0825-5350.
  33. ^ Information Section (August 21, 1969). "Highway 403 Opening on Wednesday August 27th" (Press release). Department of Highways.
  34. ^ "Residents Win Round Two in Battle of the 403". The Hamilton Spectator. August 27, 1969.
  35. ^ Information Section (September 2, 1969). "Highway 403, Opening" (Press release). Department of Highways.
  36. ^ "$700 Million Freeways West of Metro". Globe and Mail. Toronto. May 26, 1966. pp. 1, 25. The program calls for construction of a 23-mile section of Highway 403, from Burlington to the Macdonald-Cartier Freeway, west of Highway 27; a 12-mile freeway from Belfield Drive in Etobicoke, running northwesterly around Brampton to Georgetown; and a five-mile freeway from Richview Road in Etobicoke to Woodbridge.
  37. ^ Coleman, Thomas (July 12, 1975). "Drivers Will Wait Years Before Relief from QEW Jams". Globe and Mail. Toronto. p. 5.
  38. ^ a b "Ontario Government Notice". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. February 17, 1982. p. Classifieds 4. The Ministry of Transportation and Communications has undertaken a Preliminary Design Study to examine the upgrading of Highway 401 from Renforth Drive to Second Line West and Highway 403 from Highway 401 to Highway 10. The Preliminary Design Study has also examined the construction of the Highway 403 Extension, from Cawthra Rd. to Dixie Rd. In the mid 1970s some preliminary planning was completed for an express-collectors system on Highway 401 and 403 within Mississauga.
  39. ^ Transportation Capital Branch (1983–1984). "Provincial Highways Construction Projects". Northern Transportation, Construction Projects. Ministry of Transportation and Communications: XI. ISSN 0714-1149.
  40. ^ a b Transportation Capital Branch (1985–1986). "Provincial Highways Construction Projects". Northern Transportation, Construction Projects. Ministry of Transportation and Communications: IX. ISSN 0714-1149.
  41. ^ Meyers, C. (1986). 403 Arterial Extension. City of Mississauga Planning Department.
  42. ^ Funston, Mike (May 20, 1986). "Highway Extension May Ensure More Development, Report Says". Toronto Star. p. 6.
  43. ^ Funston, Mike (January 10, 1991). "Opening Extension of 403 Can Improve Traffic Flow". Toronto Star. p. 3.
  44. ^ Potter, Warren (October 27, 1994). "Eastgate Extension Boon to Motorists". Toronto Star. p. MS3.
  45. ^ Howell, Peter (August 28, 1990). "Police Fear New Ramps Will Worsen 401 Tie-ups". News. Toronto Star. p. A2.
  46. ^ Transportation Capital Branch (1991–1992). "Provincial Highways Construction Projects". Northern Transportation, Construction Projects. Ministry of Transportation and Communications: 9. ISSN 0714-1149.
  47. ^ Mitchell, Bob (December 5, 1991). "Work Starts on 403–410 Link". Toronto Star. p. MA2.
  48. ^ Mitchell, Bob (October 31, 1992). "403–410 Highway Link Ready, Seen As 'Boon' To Motorists". Toronto Star. p. A24. ProQuest 436704376 Please use the correct URL-access parameter in the citation template..
  49. ^ Ontario Road Map (Map). Cartography by Cartography Section. Ministry of Transportation and Communications. 1978–1979. South-central Ontario inset.
  50. ^ Highway Program Development Branch (1982–1983). Provincial Highways Construction Projects. Ministry of Transportation and Communications. p. XII.
  51. ^ Transportation Capital Branch (1986–1987). "Provincial Highways Construction Projects". Northern Transportation, Construction Projects. Ministry of Transportation and Communications: IX. ISSN 0714-1149.
  52. ^ Transportation Capital Branch (1987–1988). "Provincial Highways Construction Projects". Northern Transportation, Construction Projects. Ministry of Transportation and Communications: IX. ISSN 0714-1149.
  53. ^ "Highway 403 Link to Begin 2 Years Early". Toronto Star. March 25, 1987. p. A14.
  54. ^ Transportation Capital Branch (1991–1992). "Provincial Highways Construction Projects". Northern Transportation, Construction Projects. Ministry of Transportation: 7. ISSN 0714-1149.
  55. ^ Ontario Road Map (Map). Cartography by Geomatics Office. Ministry of Transportation. 1999. § R24.
  56. ^ Rickwood, Peter (August 14, 1979). "Mississauga to Study Highway Noise". Toronto Star. p. A12.
  57. ^ "Police, Jury Call for Steps to End Carnage on the 403". Toronto Star. January 9, 1993. p. A04.
  58. ^ "Drivers Showing Short Tempers on Busy Highways". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. August 3, 1993. p. A10. The 19-kilometre section of Highway 403 between Highways 401 and 5 is known as the Death Highway because it has one of the highest death rates of any highway in North America. There have been 27 fatal accidents on the section since 1987.
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  61. ^ Mitchell, Bob (April 6, 1995). "Rae Announces 407 Extension". Toronto Star. p. BR03.
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  65. ^ Brennan, Richard (December 13, 2006). "Carpool Lanes Praised". Toronto Star. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
  66. ^ Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (December 5, 2005). "First-Ever High-Occupancy Vehicle Lanes Mean Less Congestion, Better Transit". CNW Group. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
  67. ^ Cameron, Grant (September 15, 2004). "$63.6M Earmarked for HOV Lanes". Daily Commercial News. Reed Construction Data. Archived from the original on December 4, 2011. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
  68. ^ "Mississauga Transitway Project". GO Transit. Retrieved November 30, 2014. To accommodate increased demand, improve your experience and our operations, GO Transit will be constructing a new GO Bus Station at Winston Churchill Boulevard. Construction of the new station started in 2013. The station is expected to be operational in 2016.
  69. ^ Robert Mackenzie (December 12, 2013). "Construction starts on west section of Mississauga Transitway". Transit Toronto. Retrieved November 30, 2014. Metrolinx is building the west segment between Winston Churchill and Erin Mills.
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  • Shragge, John & Bagnato, Sharon (1984). From Footpaths to Freeways. Ontario Ministry of Transportation and Communications, Historical Committee. ISBN 0-7743-9388-2.
  • Stamp, Robert M. (1987). The Queen Elizabeth Way, Canada's First Superhighway. Boston Mills Press. ISBN 0-919783-84-8.
  • AADT Traffic Volumes 1955–1969 and Traffic Collision Data 1967–1969. Ontario Department of Highways. 1970.

External links