Interstate 490 (New York)

From the AARoads Wiki: Read about the road before you go
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Interstate 490

Map of the Rochester, New York, metropolitan area with I-490 highlighted in red
Route information
Auxiliary route of I-90
Maintained by NYSDOT
Length37.4 mi[1][2] (60.2 km)
Existedc. 1961[3][4]–present
HistoryCompleted early 1970s[5][6]
NHSEntire route
Major junctions
West end
I-90 Toll / New York Thruway in Le Roy
Major intersections
East end
I-90 Toll / New York Thruway in Victor
Location
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountiesGenesee, Monroe, Ontario
Highway system
NY 488 I-495

Interstate 490 (I-490) is an auxiliary Interstate Highway that serves the city of Rochester, New York, in the United States. It acts as a northerly alternate route to the New York State Thruway (I-90), leaving it at exit 47 in the town of Le Roy and rejoining the highway at exit 45 in the town of Victor 37.4 miles (60.2 km) to the east. I-490 connects with I-390 and New York State Route 390 (NY 390) on the western side of Rochester and I-590 and NY 590 on the east side of the city at an interchange known as the Can of Worms. The highway comprises the southernmost portion of the Inner Loop, a beltway around the interior of Rochester. Outside the city, I-490 serves several suburban villages, such as Churchville and Pittsford.

The eastern half of the freeway, named the Eastern Expressway, was built in stages from the 1950s to the 1970s as a connector between the Inner Loop and the thruway, and the section west of the Inner Loop and Downtown Rochester to I-90 in Le Roy is known as the Western Expressway. From Downtown Rochester to the Can of Worms, it follows the former right-of-way of the Rochester subway and, before it, the Erie Canal. The section west of the Inner Loop was mostly built during the 1960s and completed in the early 1970s. During the 1950s and early 1960s, the portion of the Eastern Expressway from what is now the Can of Worms east to Bushnell's Basin was originally designated as part of NY 96. That route was moved back onto its parallel surface routing c. 1961 when I-490 was assigned to the entirety of the then-proposed Le Roy–Victor freeway.

Route description

I-490 eastbound west of Downtown Rochester in the final stages of the Western Gateway project

Heading northeast from exit 47 of the New York State Thruway (I-90), I-490 passes through rural portions of eastern Genesee County and western Monroe County, skirting the villages of Bergen and Churchville. Gradually, the expressway takes a more easterly alignment near exit 3 before returning to the northeast at exit 4. At exit 6, I-490 intersects the Airport Expressway (NY 204). Past this interchange, I-490 heads due north, connecting to NY 33 and NY 531 before returning east. Prior to crossing the Erie Canal, I-490 meets NY 390 and I-390. Beyond the junction lies the canal and the city of Rochester.

Between the Mount Read Boulevard interchange at exit 10 and the Genesee River, I-490 is referred to as the "Western Gateway". This section, which saw major decorative and structural improvements in the late 2000s,[7] travels due east through heavily residential neighborhoods before turning to the southeast near Innovative Field and a junction with the Inner Loop at exit 13. Just west of this point, I-490 passes over West Broad Street (NY 31) and close to the former Rochester terminal of the Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburgh Railway, which now houses Nick Tahou Hots.

I-490 now becomes part of the Inner Loop as it passes just south of the city center and heads toward the Genesee River. I-490 crosses both the river and NY 383 by way of the Frederick Douglass–Susan B. Anthony Memorial Bridge and connects to NY 15 before leaving the Inner Loop and turning south and east to follow the former pathway of the Erie Canal[8] and the Rochester subway through the east side of the city.[9] Along this stretch, I-490 connects to NY 31 (now part of Monroe Avenue) and passes north of Cobbs Hill Reservoir and the surrounding Cobbs Hill Park.

I-490 westbound at the Can of Worms

I-490 continues to run in the former bed until exit 21,[8] where I-490 connects to NY 590 and I-590 at an interchange known locally as the Can of Worms.[10] At this point, the former Erie Canal route (now part of I-590) curves southward[8] while I-490 continues eastward into the eastern suburbs of Rochester. Between exits 21 and 24, I-490 parallels the CSX Transportation-owned Rochester Subdivision rail line, intersecting NY 441, a four-lane divided highway in the process. South of exit 25, I-490 traverses the southeastern suburbs of Rochester, passing close to East Rochester, Pittsford, and Bushnell's Basin and closely paralleling NY 96 on its way toward the Ontario County line. The freeway meets NY 96 twice in Perinton and a third time in the Ontario County town of Victor, where I-490 passes along the western fringe of Eastview Mall. I-490 ends a short distance southeast of the third NY 96 interchange at Thruway exit 45.

History

The portion of I-490 from exit 15 southeast to the Can of Worms follows the original path of the Erie Canal through the city of Rochester.[8] After the canal was rerouted to bypass Rochester in 1920, the former canal bed was purchased by the city for roughly $1.5 million (equivalent to $16.7 million in 2022[11]).[9] Plans drawn up by the city in the early 1910s called for a highway to be built in the old canal bed; however, subsequent proposals leaned toward repurposing the bed as a rapid transit system instead. The Rochester subway, as it became known, began operation in 1927. As ridership on the line declined in the 1940s and early 1950s, the city elected to shut the subway down in 1956 and use the right-of-way for a new highway connecting the Inner Loop to the recently completed New York State Thruway south of Rochester.[9]

Construction of the Eastern Expressway, a limited-access highway connecting the Inner Loop to the thruway in Victor, began in the early 1950s with the construction of a new exit 45 that opened on June 9, 1954, replacing a cloverleaf interchange that had directly connected the two roads.[12] The first section built specifically as a part of the Eastern Thruway Feeder, as the route was originally called, was constructed from NY 96 in Bushnell's Basin north to NY 31F near East Rochester on November 16, 1955, and originally designated as part of NY 96.[13] On October 21, 1958, the Department of Public Works announced that the Eastern Expressway's designation of NY 96 would be replaced by Interstate 490, a designation that also included a previously proposed Western Expressway, extending westward through Downtown Rochester and southwestward through the western suburbs to Thruway exit 47 in Le Roy. The expressway remained part of NY 96 until c. 1961.[14] An extension northwest to Linden Avenue opened November 25, 1958;[15] the section from there to the present site of the Can of Worms was opened to traffic on December 23, 1960.[16] The portion of the highway between the Inner Loop and Winton Road was completed in the old subway cut on October 12, 1960,[17] while the segment between Winton Road and the Can of Worms was opened on August 15, 1962.[18] The final link in the Eastern Expressway was filled by the existing 4-lane segment of NY 96 south of Bushnell's Basin until the opening of a connection from there to the existing Exit 45 on the Thruway on August 28, 1969.[19]

The first work on the portion of I-490 west of the Inner Loop was completed on November 18, 1963, and initially extended from NY 259 in Chili to Mount Read Boulevard two miles (3.2 km) west of downtown.[20] The remainder of the freeway west of Rochester was opened to traffic as far west as NY 36 near Churchville on November 4, 1964,[21] to NY 33A on November 29, 1965,[22] and finished a week later on December 6, 1965.[23] The last gap in the Western freeway—from Mount Read Boulevard east to the Inner Loop in Rochester—was filled up to Brown and Allen Streets on December 30, 1971.[24] At this time, the Inner Loop was routed along Plymouth Avenue on its westernmost segment, and the interchange with the Eastern Expressway was not at freeway standards. A new interchange at the Eastern Expressway featured a freeway-grade connection to the Eastern Expressway that opened on October 1, 1973,[25] and a new freeway to the west of Plymouth Avenue opened westbound on July 15, 1974, and eastbound on August 15 that year, completing Interstate 490.[26]

I-490 formerly had two sets of rest areas, one in Victor and one in Churchville. The Churchville pair, located east of exit 3, were closed on July 18, 1990, after numerous complaints about sexual activity in the area.[27] The ones in Victor, west of the thruway interchange, were closed on November 1, 1990, for the winter as a temporary cost-saving measure.[28] The New York State Department of Transportation decided in June 1991 to make these closures permanent to save on costs.[29]

The planned construction of the Inner Loop (now part of I-490) through the Corn Hill district of Downtown Rochester just west of the Genesee River was the driving factor that led the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) to relocate to its present location in Henrietta in 1968. The plan called for the demolition of a number of RIT buildings and would have resulted in splitting the campus into two halves separated by the new freeway.[30][31] The portion of I-490 from exit 9 (I-390 and NY 390) in Gates to exit 27 (NY 96) in Perinton was ceremoniously designated as the "Erie Canal Expressway" by the New York State Legislature on August 16, 2005.[32]

Exit list

CountyLocationmi[1]kmExitDestinationsNotes
GeneseeTown of Le Roy0.000.00
I-90 Toll / New York Thruway – Syracuse, Buffalo
Western terminus, exit 47 on I-90 / Thruway
0.190.311 NY 19 – Le Roy, Bergen
GeneseeMonroe
county line
Le RoyRiga
town line
3.385.442 NY 33 / NY 33A – Bergen, Batavia
MonroeRiga6.3510.223 NY 36 – Churchville
Chili10.7817.354 NY 259 – North Chili, West Chili
14.0922.685 NY 386 – Chili Center
Gates15.7825.406
NY 204 east – Airport
Western terminus of NY 204
16.5826.687 NY 33 – Gates CenterSigned as exits 7A (east) and 7B (west)
17.1727.638
NY 531 west – Spencerport, Brockport
Eastbound exit is with exit 7B, eastern terminus of NY 531
19.0230.619

I-390 south / NY 390 north – Greece, Airport
Signed as exits 9A (north) and 9B (south); exits 20A-B on I-390
Rochester20.1732.4610Mount Read BoulevardSigned as exits 10A (south) and 10B (north) eastbound
20.9533.7211Ames Street / Child StreetSigned as exits 11A (Ames Street) and 11B (Child Street) westbound
21.8535.1612Broad Street / StadiumsNo westbound exit; serves Frontier Field and Marina Auto Stadium
22.2535.8113 Inner Loop – Downtown RochesterWestern terminus of unsigned Inner Loop concurrency
22.7636.6314Broad Street / Plymouth Avenue – Frontier FieldWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
22.9436.9215 NY 31 / NY 15 / South AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance; also serves an unsigned portion of the Inner Loop; eastern unsigned terminus of Inner Loop concurrency
23.4237.6916Clinton Avenue (NY 15) – Downtown RochesterWestbound exit to northbound Clinton Avenue and eastbound entrance
23.9238.5017Goodman Street / Broadway
24.3739.2218 NY 31 (Monroe Avenue)
24.9140.0919Culver Road
25.9141.7020Winton RoadWestbound access is via University Avenue
RochesterBrighton line26.4442.5521

I-590 south / NY 590 north
Can of Worms Interchange; exit 5 on I-590 / NY 590
Brighton27.0343.5022Penfield RoadEastbound exit and westbound entrance; former routing of NY 441
27.8244.7723 NY 441 (Linden Avenue) – Penfield
Town of Pittsford29.1446.9024East Rochester (NY 940U)Westbound exit ramp is shared with exit 24
29.5547.5625 NY 31F – Fairport
Perinton32.1351.7126 NY 31 – Pittsford, Palmyra
33.7654.3327 NY 96 – Bushnell's Basin
35.0556.4128 NY 96Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
OntarioTown of Victor37.0059.5529 NY 96 – VictorServes Eastview Mall westbound; no eastbound exit to NY 96 northbound
37.4060.19
I-90 Toll / New York Thruway – Albany, Buffalo
Eastern terminus, exit 45 on I-90 / Thruway
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References

  1. ^ a b New York State Department of Transportation (June 16, 2009). 2008 Traffic Volume Report for New York State (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. pp. 238–239. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 27, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2010.
  2. ^ Starks, Edward (January 27, 2022). "Table 2: Auxiliary Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways". FHWA Route Log and Finder List. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved December 4, 2022.
  3. ^ Rand McNally and Company (1960). New York and New Jersey Tourgide Map (Map). Gulf Oil Company.
  4. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 1961map
  5. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 1969map
  6. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 1971map
  7. ^ Freile, Victoria E. (June 18, 2010). "I-490 closures ahead for some travelers". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. pp. 1B, 4B.
  8. ^ a b c d United States Geological Survey (1920). New York (Monroe County) – Rochester Quadrangle (Topographic map). 1:62,500. Reston, Virginia: United States Geological Survey. Archived from the original on July 13, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
  9. ^ a b c Lipman, Andrew David (April 1974). "The Rochester Subway: Experiment in Municipal Rapid Transit" (PDF). Rochester History. Vol. 36, no. 2. Rochester Public Library. pp. 1–3, 13, 20–21, 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 20, 2009. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
  10. ^ Morrell, Alan (October 9, 2019). "Whatever Happened To ... the Can of Worms?". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. Retrieved December 27, 2022.
  11. ^ Johnston, Louis; Williamson, Samuel H. (2023). "What Was the U.S. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved December 19, 2023. United States Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth series.
  12. ^ "Cloverleaf at Victor to Open Today". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. June 9, 1954. p. 17. Retrieved November 23, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  13. ^ "Thruway Link Uproots Route Signs". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. November 14, 1955. p. 14. Retrieved November 23, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  14. ^ "Federal Route 490 To Replace State's 96". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. October 22, 1958. p. 27. Retrieved November 23, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  15. ^ "Thruway Feeder Opens To Fanfare of Horns". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. November 26, 1958. p. 13. Retrieved November 22, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  16. ^ "Road Link to Open". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. December 23, 1960. p. 9. Retrieved November 22, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  17. ^ Kaidy, Mitchell (October 12, 1960). "Despite Missing Link, Expressway Will Open Today". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. p. 23. Retrieved November 22, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  18. ^ Ziska, Pat (August 16, 1962). "New Expressway Link Opens". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. p. 21. Retrieved November 22, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  19. ^ "X-Way Link To Ease 96 Jam". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. Gannett News Service. August 19, 1969. p. 10B. Retrieved November 23, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  20. ^ "12 Miles of Expressways To Be Opened Monday". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. November 14, 1963. p. 1B. Retrieved November 23, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  21. ^ "New West Section Of Expressway To Open Nov. 4". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. October 21, 1964. p. 9B. Retrieved November 23, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  22. ^ "New Segment Opens On Expressway". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. November 30, 1965. p. 1B. Retrieved November 23, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  23. ^ "New Expressway Link Ties City To LeRoy". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. December 7, 1965. p. 1B. Retrieved November 23, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  24. ^ Pritchard, Keith (December 31, 1971). "Confusion Reigns: First Day X-Way Flush with Slush". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. p. 6B. Retrieved November 23, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  25. ^ "3 Changes to 'Greet' Drivers". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. October 1, 1973. p. 3B. Retrieved November 23, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  26. ^ "Inner Loop, I-490 Link Up". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. August 15, 1974. p. 4B – via Newspapers.com.
  27. ^ Bullard, Janice (August 22, 1990). "No Rest (Stop) for the Weary". The Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. p. 1E. Retrieved March 21, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  28. ^ Stoner, Annette (November 21, 1990). "Rest Stops Closed for Winter". The Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. p. 1F. Retrieved March 21, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  29. ^ McNamara, Sean (June 24, 1991). "4 I-490 Rest Stops to Close Permanently". The Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. p. 3B. Retrieved March 21, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  30. ^ Gordon, Dane R. (2007). Rochester Institute of Technology: Industrial Development and Educational Innovation in an American City, 1829–2006. RIT Cary Graphic Arts Press. p. 265. ISBN 978-1-933360-23-2. Retrieved November 25, 2010.
  31. ^ "History of RIT". Rochester Institute of Technology. 2009. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
  32. ^ "Bill Status Search by Bill Number (A2582, 2005)". New York State Legislature. Retrieved July 16, 2010.

External links