Interstate 295 (Florida)

From the AARoads Wiki: Read about the road before you go
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Interstate 295

Map
I-295 highlighted in red
Route information
Auxiliary route of I-95
Maintained by FDOT
Length61.04 mi[1] (98.23 km)
Existed1970–present
NHSEntire route
Major junctions
Beltway around Jacksonville, Florida
Major intersections
Location
CountryUnited States
StateFlorida
CountiesDuval
Highway system
SR 294 SR 295
SR 9SR 9A SR 9B

Interstate 295 (I-295), an auxiliary route of I-95, is a beltway around central Jacksonville, Florida. The 61.04-mile-long (98.23 km) beltway consists of two segments, the West Beltway (formerly signed as simply I-295) and the East Beltway (formerly signed as State Road 9A [SR 9A]), with I-95 serving as the dividing line between the two. The entire highway carries a hidden designation as SR 9A by the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT).[2] The West Beltway was constructed in the 1970s, with the East Beltway being built from the 1980s to the 2000s.

Route description

Exit signs at the interchange with I-95, on south I-295; in this picture from 2008, the East Beltway was signed as SR 9A.

Beginning at the I-95 interchange in southeastern Duval as the West Beltway, the beltway travels west, passes through the Mandarin area with interchanges at Old St. Augustine Road, and SR 13 (San Jose Boulevard). It then travels along the three-mile-long (4.8 km) Buckman Bridge crossing the St. Johns River immediately south of Naval Air Station Jacksonville (NASJAX) and serves as a major connection in the southern part of Jacksonville. At the western end of the river, I-295 continues west, serving as the border between Clay and Duval counties running just north of the town of Orange Park with interchanges at US Route 17 (US 17)/SR 15 (Roosevelt Boulevard) and SR 21 (Blanding Boulevard), serving NASJAX and Clay County. Before turning north through the Westside of Duval County, the freeway also has a full interchange at east–west connector Collins Road to serve the Argyle and Oak Leaf areas in addition to NASJAX. Continuing north, with full interchanges at SR 134 (103rd Street), SR 208 (Wilson Boulevard), and SR 228 (Normandy Boulevard), I-295, the west half of Jacksonville's Beltway reaches its interchange with I-10 approximately six miles (9.7 km) west of Downtown, then crosses over US 90 (Beaver Street), a railroad, and a creek, and then continues into Northern Duval.

North of the I-10 interchange, the western beltway loops around the northwest side of Jacksonville with full interchanges located at both Commonwealth Avenue and Pritchard Road, before curving northeast to an interchange at US 1/US 23 (New Kings Road). The road then crosses the Trout River before crossing SR 104 (Dunn Avenue), where this northern portion of the loop turns east, with interchanges at SR 115 (Lem Turner Road), SR 243 (International Airport Boulevard)/Duval Road, and I-95, all just south of Jacksonville International Airport, where the East Beltway begins.

I-295 at the Buckman Bridge

East of the I-95 interchange near the airport, I-295 continues east as the East Beltway, with the next interchange being US 17 (North Main Street). I-295 starts to curve to the southeast, with interchanges at Pulaski Road and Alta Drive/Yellowbluff Road. Before orienting itself southward at the SR 105 (Zoo Parkway/Heckscher Drive) area, the freeway crosses the Dames Point Bridge over the St. Johns River into the Fort Caroline area. Just south of the bridge, a partial interchange with SR 113 (Southside Connector) in the Regency area is followed by full interchanges with Merrill and Monument roads, providing access through Arlington between Jacksonville University and Naval Station Mayport. Continuing south, it has full interchanges with SR 10 (Atlantic Boulevard), St. Johns Bluff Road, US 90/SR 212 (Beach Boulevard) and Town Center Parkway/University of North Florida Drive access to the University of North Florida. The next interchange, SR 202 (J. Turner Butler Boulevard), is a freeway to freeway interchange, finished in 2008. After interchanges with Gate Parkway and SR 152 (Baymeadows Road) and a partial interchange with SR 9B (future I-795), I-295 curves to the west, it crosses US 1 (Philips Highway) before completing the loop at I-95 in south Jacksonville.[3]

The northern part of the I-295 loop, from Commonwealth Avenue just north of I-10 in the west to Town Center Parkway just north of J. Turner Butler Boulevard (SR 202) in the east consists of two general purpose lanes in each direction (with the exception of the Dames Point bridge which contains three lanes in each direction). The southern part of the loop consists of three general purpose lanes (except for the Buckman bridge which contains four lanes in each direction), plus two express toll lanes in each direction between I-95 and the Buckman bridge as well as between J. Turner Butler Boulevard (SR 202) and I-795/SR 9B. The Blanding Boulevard/Collins Road interchange complex also includes a collector–distributor system.

History

The current version of I-295 appeared on maps in 1967, as a loop around central Jacksonville, with the first section between I-95 in south Duval County to SR 134 (exit 16) in 1970, and the section from SR 134 to I-10 opened in 1973. The section from I-10 to Commonwealth Avenue (exit 22) opened in 1975, followed by the extension to I-95 in north Jacksonville in 1977, completing the western section of the loop.

I-295 northbound at the Dames Point Bridge

The eastern section, formerly signed as SR 9A, had its first section open from I-95 in north Jacksonville to US 17 (exit 36) in 1983. The eastern half of the loop was constructed initially as a super-two highway with traffic lights in the late 1980s and was not up to Interstate Highway standards. The Dames Point Bridge was signed as I-295 in 1990, but this designation was removed in 1993 and replaced by SR 9A. The final sections of SR 9A were completed in 2006, creating a complete loop around central Jacksonville. Several sections not under Interstate compliance were upgraded, and the route was considered interstate ready in 2009.

The I-295 East Beltway (formerly signed as SR 9A) was designated the Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway in an FDOT ceremony on August 27, 2009. After the Federal Highway Administration accepted the road as the eastern loop of I-295 in 2010, the state was no longer able to name the highway.[4]

Improvements to the I-95 interchange north close by the airport were under construction, new lanes and a flyover ramp were constructed to help improve the interchange. This was completed in late September 2010.

On December 4, 2011, the two halves of the Jacksonville beltway changed over to their current designations: the West Beltway (formerly the whole of I-295) and the East Beltway (formerly SR 9A). The East Beltway was officially given the I-295 designation, making the entire beltway I-295, and SR 9A remained the hidden designation for the entire beltway for FDOT purposes.[5]

In February 2011, construction began for a new interchange at Collins Road, just west of the congested Blanding Boulevard exit. The $63.4-million (equivalent to $78.9 million in 2022[6]) project was completed in December 2013, earlier than the originally projected 2014 date.[7]

On May 18, 2019, two express toll lanes in each direction stretching from the Buckman Bridge near exit 5 at San Jose Boulevard (SR 13) to I-95 (exit 61) at the southern end of Jacksonville opened after several years of construction.

On April 9, 2022, two express lanes in each direction stretching from I-795/SR 9B (exit 58) to J. Turner Butler Boulevard (SR 202, exit 53) at the southeastern end of Jacksonville opened to traffic.

Interstate 795 (SR 9B)

Southbound on I-295 East Beltway at the then-unfinished interchange with SR 9B in southeastern Jacksonville

Extending from the southeast corner of the loop is I-795, currently signed as SR 9B, an approximately 5.5-mile (8.9 km) expressway connecting to I-95 and proceeding southward into St. Johns County. In May 2008, the SR 9B project was originally suspended by FDOT. The project was reinstated in 2009, and construction of Phase 1 began in June 2010 and opened on September 19, 2013.[8] Construction of Phase 2, which extends SR 9B from US 1 to I-95, started in May 2013 and opened on June 13, 2016. Construction of Phase 3 extending south of I-95 to County Road 2209 (CR 2209) and Race Track Road via a connector road in St. Johns County began on September 8, 2015, and completed on August 8, 2018.[9][10] I-795 signage along the route has yet to occur.

1992 attacks

In 1992, a series of sniper shootings and concrete block- and brick-throwing attacks occurred on the West Beltway. Of the 36 confirmed attacks, "5 [were] shootings from moving vehicles, 15 shootings from overpasses or the side of the road, 15 cases in which concrete, bricks or rocks were thrown at vehicles and 1 instance in which shooting and concrete-throwing were combined".[11] At least one motorist, William Klinedinst, died after a concrete block landed on the hood of his moving car, causing it to crash; his body was not identified for several weeks. Another motorist, Debra Lewis, received a bullet wound to the face, and several other injuries occurred.[12] The incidents spurred Governor Lawton Chiles to dispatch the Florida National Guard to patrol the roadway and the American Automobile Association (AAA) to issue a rare travel warning for the Interstate and direct its customers to avoid its use.[11] A taskforce was set up by the Jacksonville Sheriff's Office to investigate the incidents, and, though charges were filed, they were eventually dropped. The taskforce was disbanded at the end of 1992, and the incidents remained unsolved to this day.[12]

Future

As of 2022, FDOT is conducting a study on widening the section between the Dames Point Bridge and J. Turner Butler Boulevard (SR 202).[13]

Exit list

The entire route is in Jacksonville, Duval County.

mi[14]kmOld exit[15]New exitDestinationsNotes
60.864–
0.000
97.951–
0.000
61 I-95 (SR 9) – Daytona Beach, JacksonvilleTransition between East Beltway and West Beltway; signed as exits 61A (south) and 61B (north); I-95 exit 337
2.8884.64813Old St. Augustine RoadSingle point urban interchange
4.6897.54625 SR 13 (San Jose Boulevard)Signed as exits 5A (north) and 5B (south) clockwise; provides access to HCA Florida Mandarin Emergency
5.505[16]
8.596
8.859–
13.834
Buckman Bridge over the St. Johns River
9.41615.154310 US 17 (Roosevelt Boulevard north / Park Avenue south / SR 15) – Orange Park, NAS JaxNorthern terminus of Park Avenue; southern terminus of Roosevelt Boulevard; provides access to Naval Hospital Jacksonville
11.52218.543412 SR 21 (Blanding Boulevard) / Collins Road – Orange Park MallCollins Road interchange opened December 2013; provides access to HCA Florida Orange Park Hospital
15.73825.328516 SR 134 (103rd Street)
17.26027.777617 SR 208 (Wilson Boulevard)
19.22430.938719 SR 228 (Normandy Boulevard)
20.43432.885821 I-10 (SR 8) – Jacksonville, Lake CitySigned as exits 21A (east) and 21B (west); I-10 exit 356
22.01835.435922Commonwealth Avenue
24.52439.4681025Pritchard Road
27.48144.2261128 US 1 / US 23 (New Kings Road / SR 15) – CallahanSigned as exits 28A (south) and 28B (north)
29.81647.9841230 SR 104 (Dunn Avenue)
31.46650.64013A32 SR 115 (Lem Turner Road)
33.12753.31313C33 Int'l Airport Boulevard (SR 243 north) / Duval Road (CR 110) – Jacksonville Int'l Airport
34.88456.1401435 I-95 (SR 9) – Jacksonville, International Airport, SavannahTransition between West Beltway and East Beltway; signed as exits 35A (south) and 35B (north); I-95 exit 362
35.70557.46236 US 17 (Main Street / SR 5)
37.25259.95137Pulaski Road
39.53163.61940Alta Drive
41.30266.46941 SR 105 (Zoo Parkway / Heckscher Drive) – Jaxport Terminals, Jacksonville Zoo
42.665[16]
44.677
68.663–
71.901
Dames Point Bridge over the St. Johns River
45.17072.69445

SR 113 south (Southside Connector south) / Merrill Road east to SR 116
Southbound exit and northbound entrance; northern terminus of SR 113 (Southside Connector)
45.58873.36746Merrill Road west – Jacksonville UniversityNorthbound entrance via exit 45
46.72775.20047Monument Road – Naval Station Mayport, Regency Square Mall, Timucuan Preserve, Fort Caroline Nat'l Memorial
48.18377.54348 SR 10 (Atlantic Boulevard)Single point urban interchange
48.74978.45449St. Johns Bluff RoadNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
50.77781.71851 US 90 (Beach Boulevard / SR 212) – Florida State College South Campus, Jacksonville's BeachesSingle point urban interchange
52.05383.77152University of North Florida Drive / Town Center ParkwaySingle point urban interchange to the University of North Florida and St. Johns Town Center
53.15785.54853
SR 202 (Butler Boulevard) to I-95 – Jax Beaches, Jacksonville
Unnumbered, freeway-to-freeway interchange on SR 202; turbine interchange; signed as exits 53A (east) and 53B (west) counterclockwise
54.33687.44554Gate Parkway
55.71989.67156 SR 152 (Baymeadows Road)
57.65392.78458


SR 9B south to US 1 / I-95 – St. Augustine
Southbound exit and northbound entrance; opened on September 19, 2013; Future I-795 south
60.03896.62260 US 1 (Philips Highway / SR 5)
60.864–
0.000
97.951–
0.000
61 I-95 (SR 9) – Daytona Beach, JacksonvilleTransition between East Beltway and West Beltway; signed as exits 61A (south) and 61B (north); I-95 exit 337
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References

  1. ^ Starks, Edward (January 27, 2022). "Table 2: Auxiliary Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways". FHWA Route Log and Finder List. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved January 6, 2023.
  2. ^ Florida Department of Transportation (2010). Florida Official Transportation Map (PDF) (Map). Tallahassee: Florida Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 6, 2010.
  3. ^ Google (June 10, 2012). "Interstate 295 (Florida)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
  4. ^ Hannan, Larry (August 26, 2009). "Jacksonville's 9A now Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway". Florida Times-Union. Archived from the original on September 3, 2012.
  5. ^ "I-295, SR 9A Getting $1.3 Million Name Change". First Coast News. December 2, 2011.
  6. ^ Johnston, Louis; Williamson, Samuel H. (2023). "What Was the U.S. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved December 19, 2023. United States Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth series.
  7. ^ Hannan, Larry (June 16, 2010). "New interchange expected to ease congestion at Blanding and I-295". The Florida Times Union. Retrieved September 1, 2010.
  8. ^ Donges, Patrick (September 19, 2013). "State Road 9B Open In Jacksonville". Jacksonville: WJCT-TV. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  9. ^ "State Road 9B construction from I-95 to County Road 2209". Northeast Florida Roads. Florida Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  10. ^ "State Road 9B now open in St. Johns County". WJAX-TV. August 9, 2018. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  11. ^ a b Rohter, Larry (November 7, 1992). "Florida Guard to Patrol Highway to Halt Attacks". The New York Times. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
  12. ^ a b "Scars of I-295". Retrieved April 16, 2008.
  13. ^ "I-295 East expansion project". Florida Department of Transportation.
  14. ^ "Florida Department of Transportation Interchange Report" (PDF). Florida Department of Transportation. August 4, 2010. pp. 10, 22. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 8, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  15. ^ FDOT: Interstate Exit Numbers for I-295, accessed March 2014
  16. ^ a b FDOT straight line diagrams Archived March 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, accessed March 2014

External links