Interstate 22

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Interstate 22

Corridor X
I-22 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by MDOT and ALDOT
Length202.22 mi[1] (325.44 km)
Existed2012 (2012)[2]–present
NHSEntire route
Major junctions
West end I-269 / US 78 / MS 304 near Byhalia, MS
Major intersections
East end I-65 near Birmingham, AL
CountryUnited States
StatesMississippi, Alabama
CountiesMS: DeSoto, Marshall, Benton, Union, Pontotoc, Lee, Itawamba
AL: Marion, Walker, Jefferson
Highway system
  • Alabama State Highway System
MS 21MS MS 22
SR 21AL SR 22

Interstate 22 (I-22) is a 202.22-mile-long (325.44 km) Interstate Highway in the US states of Mississippi and Alabama, connecting I-269 near Byhalia, Mississippi, to I-65 near Birmingham, Alabama. I-22 is also Corridor X of the Appalachian Development Highway System (ADHS). Designated in 2012, I-22 follows the route of older U.S. Route 78 (US 78) and is concurrent with the route for all but its eastern most 11 miles (18 km). The freeway mainly spans rural areas and passes numerous small towns along its route, including Fulton, Tupelo, New Albany, and Holly Springs in Mississippi and Jasper, Winfield, and Hamilton in Alabama.

I-22 was upgraded to Interstate Highway standards to close a gap in the Interstate Highway System, allowing for more direct connections between cities in the southeast with cities in the central part of the country. I-22 indirectly connects I-240, I-40, I-55, and I-69 in the Memphis metropolitan area via US 78 and I-269 with I-65, I-459, I-20, and I-59 in the Birmingham metropolitan area.

Route description

  mi[1] km
MS 106.00 170.59
AL 96.22 154.85
Total 202.22 325.44
Western terminus of I-22 at I-269 in Byhalia, Mississippi
Eastern terminus at I-65 in Birmingham, Alabama. The freeway is planned to be extended east toward US 31.

I-22 serves as a connection between Birmingham and suburban Memphis, filling in a gap in the Interstate Highway System. It also fills a gap that provides freeway passage between Atlanta and Oklahoma City.[3] It begins at an interchange with I-269 at Byhalia, Mississippi, approximately 25 miles (40 km) from downtown Memphis and travels southeast across northern Mississippi and Alabama, before ending at an interchange with I-65 approximately five miles (8.0 km) north of downtown Birmingham, Alabama.[4]


Eastbound I-22/US 78 in Potts Camp, Mississippi

I-22 begins at a cloverleaf interchange with I-269 just west of Byhalia in DeSoto County in northwestern Mississippi in the far southeastern suburbs of Memphis. It is concurrent with US 78, which is a four-lane freeway through its entire length in Mississippi and the exit numbers for its overlap with I-22 remain based on its mileage. I-22/US 78 then continues southeastward into Marshall County parallel to Mississippi Highway 178 (MS 178; the former alignment of US 78) with latter route providing local access to small towns along the route. The first major community the freeway passes is Holly Springs, the county seat of Marshall County. I-22/US 78 bypasses the city to the southwest; exits 26 (Landfill Road) and 30 (MS 4/MS 7) provide access to the city. Continuing southeastward, the freeway than passes through the Holly Springs National Forest and into Benton County passing near several small towns that are accessible through interchanges with or connecting to MS 178. Upon exiting the forest into Union County, I-22/US 78 approaches the county seat of New Albany before passing just southwest of it with four exits (60, 61, 63, and 64) providing direct access to the city. MS 30 shares a brief concurrency with I-22/US 78 between exits 61 and 64 with the latter exit being at MS 15. To the southeast of the city near the town of Sherman in Pontotoc County, I-22/US 78 has a second brief concurrency with MS 9 starting between the exits 73 and 76. Exit 73 is a six-ramp partial cloverleaf interchange, the first non-diamond interchange on the freeway since its starting point at I-269, a distance of about 61.2 miles (98.5 km). I-22/US 78 then enters Lee County and passes north of Tupelo, its county seat, with five exits (81, 82, 85, 86, and 87) connecting to the city, including an interchange with MS 178 (exit 81) northwest of Tupelo along with interchanges with the Natchez Trace Parkway (exit 85) and US 45/Corridor V (exit 86) north of the city with Corridor V becoming concurrent with I-22/US 78. The freeway then turns eastward and has an interchange with MS 371 north of Mooreville before crossing into Itawamba County. I-22/US 78/Corridor V then has an interchange with MS 178 (to MS 363) in Peppertown before crossing the Tennessee–Tombigbee Waterway to its next interchange with South Adams Street (exit 104), which provides access to the community of Fulton, the county seat. MS 25 becomes concurrent with I-22/US 78/Corridor V and heads eastward along the route at the exit as well. A weigh station is also just beyond the exit. One exit later (108), MS 25 and Corridor V branch off and head northward. I-22/US 78 then turns east-southeastward with one final interchange (exit 113) with MS 23 south of Tremont before crossing into Alabama.[4]


Corridor X ADHS shields in Marion County, Alabama, prior to its redesignation as I-22

Still a four-lane freeway, I-22/US 78 (internally designated as State Route 4, or SR 4) enters into northwestern Alabama northwest of Bexar in Marion County and heads east-southeastward. Its first interchange (exit 3) is located just east of town at County Route 33 (CR 33). I-22/US 78/SR 4's next four exits (7, 11, 14, and 16) serve the city of Hamilton, the county seat. The freeway curls around the southwest side of the city. Exit 7 gives I-22/US 78/SR 4 access to SR 19 and SR 74, exit 11 is an interchange with SR 17 and exit 16 is an interchange with US 43/US 278/SR 171. The final exit also provides access to the community of Guin. I-22/US 78 then passes south of Brilliant which is accessible by interchanges with SR 44 (exit 26, which also serves the town of Twin and the city of Guin) and SR 129 (exit 30, which also serves the community of Winfield). An interchange with SR 233 (exit 34) serves the community of Glen Allen before I-22/US 78/SR 4 crosses into Walker County. Its next interchange, SR 13 (exit 39), serves the communities of Eldridge and Natural Bridge. Carbon Hill is served by CR 11 (exit 46, which also serves Nauvoo) and SR 118 (exit 52; former US 78 Alternate). I-22/US 78/SR 4 then widens to six lanes and has an unsigned interchange (exit 53) with future SR 102. I-22/US 78/SR 4 then passes just south of Jasper, the county seat, which is served by four exits (57, 61, 63, and 65) with SR 118, SR 69, SR 269, and Industrial Parkway. The freeway narrows to four lanes at exit 57 but expands back to six lanes at exit 63. The next three exits (70, 72, and 78) serve Cordova, Parrish, Dora, Sumiton, Wyatt, and Quinton. I-22/US 78/SR 4 then enters Jefferson County and has an interchange with CR 45 (exit 81), which serves West Jefferson. Its next interchange is with SR 5 (exit 85); the exit marks the end of the concurrency with US 78/SR 4 which branches off and becomes concurrent with SR 5 south, which serves as a local road for Graysville and the northwestern suburbs of Birmingham. Between exits 85 and 87 (CR 112) is the future site of the interchange with I-222 (exit 86), which would connect I-22 to the proposed I-422 (Corridor X-1/Birmingham Northern Beltline). I-22 than passes through Coalburg before ending at an interchange with I-65 (unsigned exits 95A and 95B) approximately five miles (8.0 km) north of downtown Birmingham. However, an additional interchange (future exit 95C) just beyond I-65 to US 31 is currently under construction.[4]


The concept of a Memphis-to-Birmingham expressway was discussed as early as the 1950s but did not move beyond talk for more than 20 years.[5]

When studies for I-22 began, the highway was proposed to continue west to downtown Memphis, Tennessee, and end at I-240 and I-69. Several other proposals were also considered. One took I-22 along I-269 to I-55/I-69 and another took it along Crump Boulevard to end at I-55, but those plans never materialized.

The part of I-22 just east of Fulton, Mississippi, was approved by Congress as "Corridor X" in 1978, as a part of the ADHS, and parts of I-22 have been under construction ever since.[6] Corridor X was also designated as "High Priority Corridor 10" in the federal National Highway System Designation Act of 1995 and as "High Priority Corridor 45" in later legislation.[7] Over the many years of development, the project changed multiple times.

In 2004, Corridor X was designated as Future I-22 by Public Law Number 108-199,[8] and the designation was made official on April 18, 2005.[9] In Alabama and Mississippi, blue signs reading "FUTURE/I-22/CORRIDOR" at left and an I-22 shield with "FUTURE" instead of "INTERSTATE" at the right were unveiled on April 18, 2005.[9]

The first major completed section of the route between the Mississippi state line and Jasper was opened to traffic on November 22, 2005.[10] Exits on the Jasper Bypass portion of I-22 were originally numbered using a kilometer-based sequence because, at the time this stretch was opened, it appeared that all highways in the US were going to be measured using the metric system. The final decision was made to remain using miles, and they have been renumbered according to the highway's mileposts. A six-mile (9.7 km) segment between Graysville and Brookside was opened in June 2007,[11] and another 20-mile (32 km) section of Future I-22 between Jasper and Graysville was opened in November 2007.[12] A 1.8-mile (2.9 km) segment between Cherry Avenue in Forestdale to a point about 2.5 miles (4.0 km) short of I-65 near Fultondale, including an interchange with Coalburg Road, was opened in December 2009.[13] Next came the connection of I-22 with I-65 and US 31.[13] The Alabama Department of Transportation (ALDOT) widened Coalburg Road from its interchange with I-22 southward to Daniel Payne Drive (which leads to I-65) to allow heavy trucks to use it; this project was nearly complete as of May 2015.[14] Signs are now in place on Daniel Payne Drive (westbound) informing truckers that access to I-22 is not allowed from Daniel Payne Drive.

ALDOT was to award contracts in August 2009 for the construction of the final segment of I-22, including its large interchange with I-65 and US 31, with the construction to begin shortly afterward. Funding delays postponed these into 2010, however. On March 19, 2010, President Barack Obama signed the Hiring Incentives to Restore Employment Act (HIRE Act) into law, which included an extension of federal highway funding through the end of 2010. This extension gave the ALDOT the opportunity to proceed with its plans for the construction of final segment of I-22 in Alabama. The opening of the bids for this project began on May 21, 2010. ALDOT announced on June 16, 2010, that the project has been awarded to the company Archer Western Contractors for $168.6 million (equivalent to $230 million in 2023[15]).[16] The project is the most expensive highway project ever undertaken in Jefferson County, and it is the highest-priced contract awarded by the ALDOT as of 2010.[17]

On November 12, 2012, ALDOT's application for establishing I-22 was conditionally approved by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) at a special committee, pending for the Mississippi Department of Transportation (MDOT) to submit their own application for I-22 and Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) approval. This therefore officially established the existence of I-22.[18]

In April 2013, the first actual I-22 shields were deployed in Marion County, Alabama, immediately east of the Mississippi state line. Such signs will extend east at least through Walker County into the outskirts of Birmingham.[19] On August 21, 2014, ALDOT reported that I-22's interchange with I-65 would not be completed until October 2015.[20] The interchange's connections via exit 95 to I-65 and the continuation under I-65 as exit 95C at US 31 remained under construction. In March 2016, the interchange with I-65 and continuation to US 31 was still under construction. New lanes north and southbound were opened on I-65 passing through the interchange and construction and painting operations were carried out on the I-22 entrance and exit ramps.[21] The interchange to I-65 opened to traffic on June 20, 2016, while the connector to US 31 remained under construction.[22]

Mississippi officials announced May 5, 2015, that the state officially began the process to designate its portion as I-22. The two requirements to be able to apply for this designation were to upgrade the route to Interstate standards and to connect to an existing Interstate within 25 years; this was completed when I-269 was opened in December 2017. The I-65 interchange was opened in October 2015.[23] The route was officially signed in Mississippi in a ceremony on October 23, 2015.[24]

Exit list

US 78 west – Memphis
Continuation as US 78; western end of US 78 overlap
Byhalia0.00.012 I-269 / MS 304 – Tunica, ColliervilleMemphis Outer Beltway; I-269 exit 16
Marshall2.43.914 MS 309 – Byhalia
6.610.618Victoria, East Byhalia
9.815.821Red Banks
Holly Springs14.423.226West Holly Springs, AshlandFormer MS 4/MS 7
18.529.830 MS 4 / MS 7 – Holly Springs, OxfordAccess to Senatobia via MS 7
25.541.037Lake Center
Potts Camp29.647.641
To MS 349 – Potts Camp
BentonHickory Flat36.458.648 MS 178 – Hickory FlatAccess to MS 2 and MS 5
New Albany48.678.260GlenfieldConnector to MS 30 and to a Walmart distribution center
MS 30 west – West New Albany, Mississippi, Oxford
Western end of MS 30 overlap
51.082.163Downtown New Albany
MS 15 / MS 30 east – Pontotoc, Ripley
Eastern end of MS 30 overlap
MS 9 north – Blue Springs
Western end of MS 9 overlap; signed as exits 73A and 73B
MS 9 south (MS 178) – Sherman, Pontotoc
Eastern end of MS 9 overlap
LeeTupelo69.0111.081 MS 178 (McCullough Boulevard) – West Tupelo
70.3113.182Coley Road / Barnes Crossing Road
72.9117.385 Natchez Trace Parkway
74.3119.686 US 45 (Corridor V west) – Tupelo, CorinthWestern end of Corridor V overlap; signed as exits 86A (south) and 86B (north)
75.8122.087Veterans BoulevardAccess to Elvis Presley birthplace
78.1125.790Auburn Road
82.2132.394 MS 371 – Mantachie, Mooreville
Itawamba85.3137.397Fawn Grove Road – Dorsey
88.8142.9101 MS 178 / MS 363 – Peppertown, Mantachie
MS 25 south – Fulton, Amory
Western end of MS 25 overlap, MS 178 resumes eastbound in downtown Fulton
MS 25 north (Corridor V east) – Belmont, Iuka
Corridor X ends
Eastern end of MS 25/Corridor V overlap; western end of Corridor X overlap; Access to MS 76
Tremont101.4163.2113 MS 23 – Tremont, SmithvilleMS 178 terminates eastbound at intersection with MS 23 just north of Corridor X
Mississippi–Alabama state line
AlabamaMarion3.936.323 CR 33 / SR 4 – BexarWestern end of SR 4 overlap
CR 94 to SR 74 – Weston, Hamilton
Provides access to US 278 east and to SR 19 Red Bay
11.4518.4311 SR 17 – Hamilton, Sulligent, York, Butler, MobileAlso connects to SR 19
14.4623.2714 CR 35 – Hamilton
16.9127.2116 US 43 / US 278 / SR 171 – Hamilton, Guin
22.5236.2422 CR 45
26.2442.2326 SR 44 – Brilliant, GuinAlso serves the community of Twin
Winfield29.9248.1530 SR 129 – Brilliant, Winfield
34.3855.3334 SR 233 – Glen Allen, Natural Bridge
Walker39.6263.7639 SR 13 – Natural Bridge, EldridgeAlso access to Fayette and Tuscaloosa via SR 13 south
Carbon Hill46.8775.4346 CR 11 – Carbon Hill, Nauvoo
51.8383.4152 SR 118 – Carbon Hill
53.4786.0553SR 102Exit not signed
SR 118 east – Jasper
60.5497.4361 SR 69 – Jasper, Tuscaloosa
62.75100.9963 SR 269 – Jasper, Parrish
65.26105.0365Industrial Parkway – Jasper
70.03112.7070 CR 22 – Cordova, Parrish
71.99115.8672 CR 61 – Cordova
78.36126.1178 CR 81 – Dora, Sumiton
JeffersonWest Jefferson80.75129.9581 CR 45 – West Jefferson
US 78 east (SR 4 east) / SR 5 – Birmingham, Adamsville, Graysville
Eastern end of US 78/SR 4 overlap

I-222 north to I-422
Proposed interchange; proposed southern terminus of I-222
87.26140.4387 CR 112 – Graysville
Forestdale88.99143.2289 CR 65 (Hillcrest Road) – Adamsville, Graysville
91.75147.6691 CR 105 (Cherry Avenue) – Brookside, Forestdale
Birmingham93.60150.6393 CR 77 – CoalburgDirectional signs on exit ramp north to Coalburg and south to Birmingham
96.48155.2795 I-65 – Birmingham, Huntsville, Montgomery, MobileI-65 exit 265A; signed as left exit 95A (north) & 95B (south)
95C US 31 (SR 3) – Montgomery, DecaturUnder construction; future eastern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Future auxiliary routes

Shannon–Tupelo, Mississippi spur

Interstate 22 spur

LocationShannonTupelo, Mississippi

A possible spur route of I-22 in the Tupelo, Mississippi area is currently listed as High Priority Corridor 95. The route would begin in Shannon and generally follow US 45 northward, passing east of Tupelo before terminating at I-22/US 78.[27] US 45 is currently a freeway along this entire corridor, but is not up to interstate standards.[28] Additionally, congestion and safety issues along US 45 in this area need to be improved.[29]

Spruce Pine–Eldridge, Alabama spur

Interstate 22 spur

LocationSpruce PineEldridge, Alabama

Another I-22 spur route has been proposed to connect I-22 with communities in Northwest Alabama. This spur would begin at I-22 near Eldridge and head northward mostly paralleling SR 13. It would pass near Natural Bridge, Haleyville, Phil Campbell, and Bear Creek before terminating at SR 13 at the south end of the Spruce Pine bypass. The proposal was made by State Representative Tracy Estes as a way to complete the Haleyville bypass, a project that was first conceived in 1955. Funding was first secured in the 1990s, but construction was halted in 2014 when the funding ran out.[30][31]

Interstate 222

Future Interstate 222

LocationBrooksideGraysville, Alabama
Length2.26 mi (3.64 km)

Interstate 222 (I-222) is a future auxiliary Interstate Highway that will be a connector between I-22 and the proposed I-422 near Birmingham, Alabama. There will be no exits other than its terminuses. The highway has been proposed because an interchange directly between I-22 and I-422 cannot be built because of environmental issues. AASHTO approved the designation on May 18, 2012.[32] Construction on this new route has not been scheduled at this time.

Interstate 422

Future Interstate 422

LocationBessemerArgo, Alabama
Length52.5 mi (84.5 km)

I-422 is a future proposed northwestern bypass of Birmingham, Alabama connecting between I-20/I-59 from the southwest and I-59 in the northeast. It will also be connected with I-22 via I-222 in Brookside, located northwest of Birmingham. It was first proposed in May 2009 by US Representative Spencer Bachus; on May 18, 2012, it was approved by AASHTO.[32][33] Construction on a short 1.34-mile (2.16 km) section of the route between SR 79 and 75 was started shortly afterwards, but issues with funding and local opposition held up the project. More funding for the interstate was provided in Spring 2023. It covered the construction of I-422 between SR 79 to US 31 for a total of 10 miles (16 km). The construction of this part of the interstate, which will be four lanes, was expected to begin later in the Spring and be completed by 2028,[34] but the start date was delayed again. A complaint has been filed over construction resuming,[35] and although ALDOT expected to break ground on the resumption of the project in November 2023, no new information was made public for several months.[36] Work finally resumed on the initial phase between SR 75 and SR 79 in late-June 2024, this phase is expected to be completed in late-2026.[37]


  1. ^ a b Starks, Edward (January 27, 2022). "Table 1: Main Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways". FHWA Route Log and Finder List. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved March 10, 2023.
  2. ^ Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (November 16, 2012). "SCOH Report from Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering Annual Meeting" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 3, 2019. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
  3. ^ "Alabama Engineering Hall of Fame". Retrieved March 18, 2023.
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  5. ^ "Lynchpin I-22 Nears Completion". Business Alabama. October 2015. Archived from the original on July 3, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
  6. ^ McMurray, Jeffery (December 22, 2003). "Shelby's Clout Has Helped Put Corridor X on the Brink of Completion". Associated Press State and Local Wire.
  7. ^ "Future I-22". Retrieved February 15, 2008.
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  9. ^ a b MacDonald, Ginny (April 15, 2005). "Corridor X Becomes I-22: Signs Bearing Name to Be Unveiled Monday in Jasper by Officials". The Birmingham News. p. 1C.
  10. ^ Faulk, Kent (November 23, 2005). "Corridor X Section Opens in West Alabama". The Birmingham News. p. 4C.
  11. ^ MacDonald, Ginny (June 2, 2007). "13 Miles of Corridor X to Open: End of Long Road in Sight for I-22". The Birmingham News. p. 1A.
  12. ^ MacDonald, Ginny (October 31, 2007). "26 Miles of Corridor X to Open Nov. 14: Stretch Offers Straight Shot from Forestdale to Memphis". The Birmingham News. p. 1A.
  13. ^ a b Staff Reporters (December 10, 2009). "Corridor X Opens New Section: Interchange Lags". The Birmingham News. p. 2A.
  14. ^ "Coalburg Road Looks Nice and Smooth, but Not Done ... Yet". May 10, 2015.
  15. ^ Johnston, Louis; Williamson, Samuel H. (2023). "What Was the U.S. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved November 30, 2023. United States Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the MeasuringWorth series.
  16. ^ Gray, Jeremy (June 16, 2010). "Construction Contract Awarded for Final Link of Corridor X". The Birmingham News. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
  17. ^ Gray, Jeremy (July 26, 2010). "Birmingham I-65/Corridor X Project Set to Launch August 1". The Birmingham News. Retrieved July 26, 2010.
  18. ^ Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (November 16, 2012). "SCOH Report from Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering Annual Meeting" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 3, 2019. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
  19. ^ "Interstate 22 Signs Going Up". Daily Mountain Eagle. Jasper, AL. April 4, 2013.
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  21. ^ Songer, Joe (March 7, 2016). "I-22 Interchange Construction Continues at I-65 near Fultondale". Retrieved March 15, 2016.
  22. ^ Yeager, Andrew (June 20, 2016). "Interstate 22 Interchange Opens Completing Link to Memphis". Birmingham, AL: WBHM. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  23. ^ "Interstate 22 Designation Moving Nearer". Northeast Mississippi Daily Journal.
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  25. ^ Google (September 23, 2014). "Interstate 22" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
  26. ^ "Milepost maps". Alabama Department of Transportation. July 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
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  28. ^ "Fiscal Year '23 Congressionally Directed Spending Requests". U.S. Senator Roger Wicker. Retrieved May 15, 2023.
  29. ^ McCluskey, Caleb (November 16, 2022). "MDOT, Major Thoroughfare mull US 45 safety upgrades". Northeast Mississippi Daily Journal. Retrieved May 17, 2023.
  30. ^ "Congressman Aderholt commits to seek funding to complete bypass project". Northwest Alabamian. April 26, 2023. Retrieved August 25, 2023.
  31. ^ Paepcke, Jon (April 27, 2023). "ALDOT claims federal highway earmarks dried up". WVTM. Retrieved August 25, 2023.
  32. ^ a b Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (May 19, 2012). "Report to SCOH" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 3, 2019. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
  33. ^ MacDonald, Ginny (May 26, 2009). "Corridor X/ I-65 Interchange Construction Could Begin This Year". The Birmingham News. Archived from the original on June 20, 2009. Retrieved May 26, 2009.
  34. ^ "Gov. Kay Ivey: Construction will resume soon on Northern Beltline". MSN. Retrieved 13 April 2023.
  35. ^ McQueen, Madie (27 June 2023). "Environmentalists file complaint against ALDOT Birmingham Northern Beltline project". CBS 42. Retrieved 30 June 2023.
  36. ^ Blakely, Will (24 August 2023). "U.S. Rep. Palmer: Northern Beltline 'critical' for Alabama; Says I-65…". 1819 News. Retrieved 25 August 2023.
  37. ^ Watson, Nathan (July 1, 2024). "ALDOT begins first phase of Birmingham Northern Beltline construction | Bham Now". Retrieved July 6, 2024.Douglas, Patsy (July 2, 2024). "Work resumes on the Northern Beltline highway". WVTM. Retrieved July 6, 2024.

External links