Interstate 180 (Nebraska)

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Interstate 180

Map
Map of Lincoln with I-180 highlighted in red
Route information
Auxiliary route of I-80
Maintained by NDOT
Length3.47 mi[1] (5.58 km)
Existed1956–present
HistoryCompleted in 1964
NHSEntire route
Major junctions
South end US 34 in Lincoln
North end I-80 / US 34 / US 77 in Lincoln
Location
CountryUnited States
StateNebraska
CountiesLancaster
Highway system
US 159 US 183

Interstate 180 (I-180) is a short auxiliary Interstate Highway in Lincoln, Nebraska, United States. The north–south spur freeway connects I-80 to downtown Lincoln, running for 3.5 miles (5.6 km) while entirely concurrent to U.S. Route 34 (US 34). I-180 has two intermediate interchanges at Cornhusker Highway and Superior Street, both located north of Oak Creek. It is the only auxiliary interstate highway completely in the state of Nebraska.

It was proposed in the 1950s and construction began in 1961 as part of the Lincoln Access Highway project. The northern section between Cornhusker Highway and I-80 opened on July 27, 1963, which was followed by a two-phase opening of the southern section between December 1963 and January 1964. The southern section, which includes a viaduct over a downtown railroad, was rebuilt from 1996 to 1998, while the Oak Creek crossing was rebuilt between 2001 and 2003.

Route description

Looking southbound on I-180 at its interchange with Cornhusker Highway

I-180 begins at R Street in downtown Lincoln as a continuation of North 9th Street and North 10th Street, a pair of one-way streets which carry the southbound and northbound lanes of US 34, respectively.[2] The four-lane freeway carries I-180 and US 34 northwest over a three-track railroad, skirting the western side of the University of Nebraska campus and passing near Memorial Stadium (home to the Nebraska Cornhuskers football team) and Pinnacle Bank Arena. It continues north between Haymarket Park to the west and residential areas to the east, crossing over Salt Creek and under US 6 near Oak Lake. After crossing Oak Creek, I-180 reaches an interchange with Cornhusker Highway that provides access to US 6 and the Belmont neighborhood.[1][3]

The freeway bisects Max E. Roper Park, which lies between residential neighborhoods in West Lincoln and Belmont along a small stream. I-180 then intersects Superior Street before reaching its terminus at a cloverleaf interchange with I-80 and US 77 near Lincoln Airport. US 34 continues northwest from the interchange on a four-lane divided roadway named the Purple Heart Highway.[2][3]

As a component of the Interstate Highway System, the entirety of I-180 is listed as part of the National Highway System, a national network of roads identified as important to the national economy, defense, and mobility;[4] The freeway is maintained by the Nebraska Department of Transportation (NDOT), who conduct an annual survey of traffic volume that is expressed in terms of average annual daily traffic (AADT), a measure of traffic volume for any average day of the year. Average traffic volumes on the highway in 2018 ranged from a minimum of 30,310 vehicles at its northern terminus with I-80 to a maximum of 33,410 vehicles south of Cornhuskers Highway.[5]

History

A map of Lincoln from the 1955 Bureau of Public Roads plan, showing a north–south spur route

In its 1955 plan for a national system of grade-separated superhighways, the federal Bureau of Public Roads (BPR) recommended an east–west corridor bypassing Lincoln with a north–south spur connecting it to the city center.[6] The plan later formed the basis of the Interstate Highway System, which was approved by Congress through the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956.[7] The north–south spur, later numbered I-180, was planned to generally follow the 10th Street corridor in downtown Lincoln and would include the replacement of a bridge crossing the city's northern railyard as well as a pair of one-way streets.[8][9] The freeway would have three interchanges at Oak Street (now Cornhusker Highway), Superior Street, and I-80.[10]

The city council and Nebraska Department of Roads (now NDOT) studied seven routes drawn by planning consultants for I-180 in 1958. The state and BPR preferred a route along 9th and 10th streets, while the city proposed a connection further west on 7th Street, which was opposed by the state highway engineer due to its higher cost.[11][12][13] Governor Ralph Brooks imposed a January 1, 1960, deadline for a routing decision in lieu of a proposed deferral of planning funds for the project.[14][15] The city council approved the state's route using 9th and 10th in December 1959,[14] but modified the preferred route a year later to veer west from downtown and avoid properties along 10th Street at the request of the University of Nebraska Regents.[16][17]

Construction of I-180, also named the Lincoln Access Highway, began in 1961 and was estimated to cost $7.068 million (equivalent to $53.3 million in 2022 dollars),[18] with completion set for December 1962.[19] By the end of 1962, damp weather and a strike by a local engineers' union slowed construction of the freeway, particularly the bridges over the Lincoln railyard.[20] The northern section between Oak Street and I-80 opened to traffic on July 27, 1963, one month before the start of the Nebraska State Fair.[21][22] U.S. 34 was later realigned onto I-180 in late 1963 after a new highway bypassing the Lincoln Air Force Base (now Lincoln Airport) opened to traffic.[23]

The southern section from 9th Street to Oak Street opened to southbound traffic on December 11, 1963, with weighted oil drums in place of guardrails awaiting installation.[24] The opening was made feasible through the use of temporary asphalt in place of concrete amid the cold weather, as well as leaving the shoulders unpaved until asphalt could be laid.[25] The northbound lanes opened for traffic on January 15, 1964, marking the completion of I-180.[26] The new freeway led to residential development north of the city, particularly in the Belmont neighborhood.[27]

The southern section of I-180 was rebuilt by the state government during a multi-year project in the late 1990s to replace the viaducts in downtown Lincoln with modern bridges with full-sized shoulders and a lower slope at a cost of $15 million (equivalent to $25.5 million in 2022 dollars).[18][28][29] The project and its proposed detours on local streets were opposed by the downtown chamber of commerce, who feared its negative effects on business access.[30] The southbound lanes closed on December 1, 1996, following the end of the 1996 football season to prevent disruption around home games for the Nebraska Cornhuskers.[31][32] The new southbound bridge opened on June 10, 1997,[33] having been completed 61 days ahead of schedule by contractor Hawkins Construction, who earned a $1.2 million bonus.[34] The northbound viaduct was closed on November 16, 1997,[35] and its replacement opened on May 28, 1998. The project was completed 72 days ahead of schedule by Hawkins Construction, who earned another bonus.[29]

The Oak Creek bridge and interchange with Cornhusker Highway were rebuilt from 2001 to 2003 by the state government at a cost of $12 million. Construction was briefly delayed due to the discovery of nesting cliff swallows, a protected migratory bird species, under the old bridge in June 2003, which prevented demolition work from continuing. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service granted permission to remove the cliff swallow nests, along with others found belonging to barn swallows and common grackles, preventing a month-long work stoppage. The project replaced the existing northbound bridge with a widened roadway and moved a ramp at the interchange to improve traffic flow.[36]

Exit list

The entire route is in Lincoln, Lancaster County.

mi[1]kmExitDestinationsNotes
3.475.58
US 34 east (9th Street) / R Street
At-grade intersection; one-way street, southbound entrance; southern terminus of I-180; south end of US 34 overlap; highway continues as US 34
US 34 (10th Street) / S StreetAt-grade intersection; one-way street, northbound exit; southern terminus of I-180; south end of US 34 overlap
2.053.302
To US 6 / Cornhusker Highway – Lincoln Airport
Former US 77
0.791.271Superior Street
0.28–
0.00
0.45–
0.00
401C-D
US 34 west (Purple Heart Highway) / I-80 / US 77 – Omaha, Lincoln Airport, Air Park
Northern terminus of I-180; north end of US 34 overlap; exit numbers based on I-80 mileage; signed as 401C (west) and 401D (east); highway continues as US 34 (Purple Heart Highway)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References

  1. ^ a b c NDOT Materials & Research Division (September 2021). "Nebraska Highway Reference Log Book" (PDF). Nebraska Department of Transportation. p. 341. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  2. ^ a b Lincoln, Lancaster County, Nebraska (PDF) (Map). Nebraska Department of Transportation. 2017. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Google (October 8, 2021). "Interstate 180" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  4. ^ National Highway System: Lincoln, NE (PDF) (Map). Federal Highway Administration. October 1, 2020. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  5. ^ Annual Average Daily Traffic Flow (Map). Nebraska Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  6. ^ General Location of ⁠National System of Interstate Highways. Bureau of Public Roads. 1955. p. 53. OCLC 4165975. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via WikiSource.
  7. ^ Weingroff, Richard F. (1996). "Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956: Creating The Interstate System". Public Roads. Federal Highway Administration. 60 (1). Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  8. ^ "City Urged to Plan for Interstate Route". Lincoln Evening Journal. August 6, 1956. p. 1. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  9. ^ Snodgrass, Del (August 30, 1956). "Connection of 9th, 10th With Interstate Highway Waits City Right of Way". Lincoln Evening Journal. p. 2. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  10. ^ "'Clovers' to Connect Lincoln, Interstate". Lincoln Evening Journal. February 27, 1957. p. 5. Retrieved October 10, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  11. ^ Falloon, Virgil (May 28, 1958). "Ress Doesn't Like Lincoln's Interstate Connection Plans". The Lincoln Star. p. 1. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  12. ^ "Interstate Access Route Proposal 'Ready Soon' — Martin". The Lincoln Star. July 11, 1958. p. 7. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  13. ^ Scherer, Leo (August 7, 1958). "9th, 10th Probable Interstate Accesses". Lincoln Evening Journal. p. 1. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  14. ^ a b Scherer, Leo (December 22, 1959). "Lincoln Access Route Gets Council Approval". Lincoln Evening Journal. p. 1. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  15. ^ "Fund Switch Apparently Surprises Officials Here". Lincoln Evening Journal. November 10, 1959. p. 2. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  16. ^ "Different Access Route Is Studied". Lincoln Evening Journal. December 7, 1960. p. 21. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  17. ^ "Access Route Could Be Changed—But". Lincoln Journal and Star. November 13, 1960. p. B1. Retrieved October 10, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  18. ^ a b Johnston, Louis; Williamson, Samuel H. (2023). "What Was the U.S. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved December 19, 2023. United States Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth series.
  19. ^ "Lincoln's Front Door Opening". The Lincoln Journal and Star. August 6, 1961. p. B7. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  20. ^ "Lincoln Access Highway Should Be Open by July 1". The Lincoln Journal. April 27, 1963. p. 6. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  21. ^ "Interstate 180 Access Given Heavy Tryout". The Lincoln Star. July 28, 1963. p. B1. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  22. ^ "Interstate 180 Will Speed Fair Traffic". The Lincoln Journal and Star. August 25, 1963. p. F6. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  23. ^ "Old U.S. 34-State 2 Gets New Location, New Look November 1". Lincoln Evening Journal. October 5, 1963. p. 5. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  24. ^ Gibson, Ron (December 11, 1963). "Southbound Lanes of 180 Are Opened Into Lincoln". Lincoln Evening Journal. p. 8. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  25. ^ Gibson, Ron (December 1, 1963). "Workmen, Weather Race on Interstate". The Lincoln Journal and Star. p. B1. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  26. ^ Kreifel, Bill (January 15, 1964). "10th and R Interstate 180 Leg Cuts Commuters' Travel Time". Lincoln Evening Journal. p. 1. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  27. ^ Kreifel, Bill (January 26, 1964). "Interstate, New Building Interests Revive Belmont Dream". The Lincoln Journal and Star. p. F5. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  28. ^ "Construction on I-180 well ahead of schedule". Lincoln Journal Star. April 29, 1997. p. B1. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  29. ^ a b Laukaitis, Al J. (May 29, 1998). "Workers end I-180 work months early". Lincoln Journal Star. p. B1. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  30. ^ Russo, Ed (January 30, 1996). "I-180 downtown detours are final, state officials say". Lincoln Journal Star. p. B1. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  31. ^ Stoddard, Martha (November 18, 1996). "Inbound I-180 set to close". Lincoln Journal Star. p. A1. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  32. ^ Schulte, Erin (November 14, 1996). "Construction blueprints to better highway, campus". The Daily Nebraskan. p. 8. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Nebraska Newspapers.
  33. ^ "I-180 reopens earlier than announced". Lincoln Journal Star. June 11, 1997. p. B6. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  34. ^ Steinbach, Chris (June 10, 1997). "I-180 to reopen 2 months early; workers get bonus". Lincoln Star Journal. p. A1. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  35. ^ Harrell, Ann (November 12, 1997). "Bridge building, Part II slated to begin Sunday". Lincoln Star Journal. p. A1. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  36. ^ Jenkins, Nate (June 26, 2003). "Nesting birds, delayed work". Lincoln Journal Star. pp. A1, A2. Retrieved October 8, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.

External links